Sardar's Fortress

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For the battle of May 21-29, 1918 between the Ottoman Turks and the Armenians, see Battle of Sardarapat.
Sardar's Fortress
Սարդարի բերդ
Sardarapat, Armavir Province, Armenia
Sardar's FortressՍարդարի բերդ is located in Armenia
Sardar's FortressՍարդարի բերդ
Sardar's Fortress
Սարդարի բերդ
Coordinates 40°08′10″N 44°00′50″E / 40.1361°N 44.0139°E / 40.1361; 44.0139
Type Fortress
Site information
Controlled by Before its capture, the Persian Qajar governors of the Erivan Khanate.
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Very little of the fortress survives; Stones were used to build Soviet Armenia.
Site history
Built Between 1807-1828
Built by Sardar Hosein Qoli Khan
In use As a fortification, as administrative center for the Sardarapat district and as a summer residence of the Khan of Yerevan.
Materials Stone; Some stones used from the ancient city of Armavir.
Demolished Yes
Battles/wars Captured by the Russians under General Ivan Paskevich in 1828.

Sardari Berd (Armenian: Սարդարի Բերդ: deriven from Sardar Persian: سردار‎‎; a title of Persian origin, used for military or political leaders meaning "commander" or "chieftain" and Berd Armenian: Բերդ; meaning "fortress".) sits on the right before the cemetery in the village of Sardarapat in the Armavir Province of Armenia.

History[edit]

The fortress was built sometime between the years of 1807-1828, during the rule and with the assistance of Sardar Hosein Qoli Khan Qajar (Sardari Iravani), the last and best of the Persian Qajar governors of the Yerevan Khanate. It was constructed using stones taken from the ruins of the ancient city of Armavir, some of which still bear traces of Urartian cuneiform inscriptions. The fortress was used as an administrative center for the Sardarapat district and also as the summer residence of the Khan of Yerevan (Erevan).

Sardari Berd was captured in 1828 by the Russians under General Ivan Paskevich during the Russo-Persian War (1826-1828), despite strong defense by Hasan Khan Sardari Iravani, brother to Sardar Hosein Qoli Khan. Speaking of Paskevich in a British War Office summary, the following passage reads:

"Sardarabad, a large fortified village on a canal fed by the Arax, was next taken, and the stock of provisions found in it placed Paskevich in a position to commence the siege of Yerevan."

The region formally passed from Persian sovereignty to a Russian one after the Treaty of Turkmenchay in 1828. Armavir became the Serdarabad uyezd of the Armenian Oblast, which itself became the Erivan guberniya in 1840. This situation lasted until the February Revolution in 1917. Of the fortress almost nothing remains. Most of it was dismantled to build Soviet Armenia.

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