Sargon I

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Sargon I
King of Assyria
King of the Old Assyrian Empire
Reign1856–1817 BC (short chronology) or 1920–1881 BC (middle chronology) (39 years)
SuccessorPuzur-Ashur II
IssuePuzur-Ashur II

Sargon I (also transcribed as Šarru-kīn I and Sharru-ken I) was the king (Išši’ak Aššur, "Steward of Assur") of the Old Assyrian Empire from c. 1920 BC — c. 1881 BC (middle chronology) or from c. 1856 BC – c. 1817 BC (short chronology). On the Assyrian King List, Sargon appears as the son and successor of Ikunum, and the father and predecessor of Puzur-Ashur II.

The name “Sargon” means “the king is legitimate” in the Akkadian language.[1] Sargon I might have been named after Sargon of Akkad,[2] perhaps reflecting the extent to which Sargon I identified with the prestigious Dynasty of Akkad.

Sargon I is known for his work refortifying Assur.[3] Very little is otherwise known about Sargon I.[2] The following is a list of the 41 annually-elected limmu officials from the year of accession of Sargon I until the year of his death.[4] Dates are based on a date of 1833 BC for the solar eclipse recorded in the limmu of Puzur-Ishtar:[5][clarification needed]

1905 BC Irišum son of Iddin-Aššur
1904 BC Aššur-malik son of Agatum
1903 BC Aššur-malik son of Enania
1902 BC Ibisua son of Suen-nada
1901 BC Bazia son of Bal-Tutu
1900 BC Puzur-Ištar son of Sabasia
1899 BC Pišaḫ-Ili son of Adin
1898 BC Asqudum son of Lapiqum
1897 BC Ili-pilaḫ son of Damqum
1896 BC Qulali
1895 BC Susaya
1894 BC Amaya the Weaponer
1893 BC Ipḫurum son of Ili-ellat
1892 BC Kudanum son of Laqipum
1891 BC Ili-bani son of Ikunum
1890 BC Šu-Kubum son of Susaya
1889 BC Quqidi son of Amur-Aššur
1888 BC Abia son of Nur-Suen
1887 BC Šu-Ištar son of Šukutum
1886 BC Bazia son of Šepa-lim
1885 BC Šu-Ištar son of Ikunum, the starlike (kakkabanum)
1884 BC Abia son of Šu-Dagan
1883 BC Salia son of Šabakuranum
1882 BC Ibni-Adad son of Baqqunum
1881 BC Aḫmarši son of Malkum-išar
1880 BC Sukkalia son of Minanum
1879 BC Iddin-Aššur son of Kubidi
1878 BC Šudaya son of Ennanum
1877 BC Al-ṭab son of Pilaḫ-Aššur
1876 BC Aššur-dammiq son of Abarsisum
1875 BC Puzur-Niraḫ son of Puzur-Suen
1874 BC Amur-Aššur son of Karria
1873 BC Buzuzu son of Ibbi-Suen
1872 BC Šu-Ḫubur son of Elali
1871 BC Ilšu-rabi son of Bazia
1870 BC Alaḫum son of Inaḫ-ili
1869 BC Ṭab-Aššur son of Suḫarum
1868 BC Elali son of Ikunum
1867 BC Iddin-abum son of Narbitum
1866 BC Adad-bani son of Iddin-Aššur
1865 BC Aššur-iddin son of Šuli


  1. ^ Chavalas, Mark William (29 Jun 2006). The ancient Near East: historical sources in translation. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-631-23580-4.
  2. ^ a b Bromiley, Geoffrey (31 Dec 1996). The international standard Bible encyclopedia (Revised ed.). William B Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-8028-3784-4.
  3. ^ Leick, Gwendolyn (2001). Who's Who in the Ancient Near East. Routledge. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-415-13231-2.
  4. ^ Klaas R. Veenhof, The old Assyrian list of year eponyms from Karum Kanish and its chronological implications (Ankara, Turkish Historical Society, 2003)
  5. ^ C. Michel, Nouvelles données pour la chronologie du IIe millénaire, NABU 2002, Nr. 20, 17f.
Preceded by
Išši’ak Aššur
c. 1920 BC — c. 1881 BC
Succeeded by
Puzur-Ashur II