Service Bureau Corporation
IBM had operated service bureaus in major cities since 1932 allowing users to rent time on tabulating equipment, and later computing equipment, to solve problems which couldn't justify a full-time equipment lease. In 1956, as a result of a consent decree with the United States Department of Justice, IBM spun off its service bureaus to force them to operate at "arms length" from the parent company.
In 1973, as a result of another lawsuit over the fear, uncertainty and doubt (FUD) created by IBM's pre-announcement of a nonexistent System/360 Model 92, IBM sold SBC for $16 million to Control Data Corporation, which had a small service bureau business of its own.
- IBM Corporation. "IBM Atchives 1957". Retrieved February 10, 2013.
- Sipples, Timothy. "Did the U.S. Government Kill Cloud Computing Over 50 Years Ago?". The Mainframe Blog.
- IBM Corporation. "IBM Archived: DPD Chronology". Retrieved Sep 11, 2013.
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