Seven Pines Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units[1] and commanders fought in the Battle of Seven Pines on May 31 and June 1, 1862. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Army of the Potomac[edit]

MG George B. McClellan

Chief of Staff: Col Randolph B. Marcy

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

General Headquarters
     Maj Granville O. Haller

Headquarter & Body Guards
Provost Guards

Chief of Engineers
     BG John G. Barnard

Volunteer Engineer Brigade


   BG Daniel P. Woodbury

  • 15th New York Engineers
  • 50th New York Engineers

II Corps[edit]

BG Edwin V. Sumner

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Israel B. Richardson

1st Brigade


   BG Oliver O. Howard (w)
   Col Thomas J. Parker

2nd Brigade


   BG Thomas F. Meagher

3rd Brigade


   BG William H. French

Artillery


   Cpt George W. Hazzard

Cavalry
  • 6th New York Cavalry (Co. D)

Second Division
     BG John Sedgwick

1st Brigade


   BG Willis A. Gorman

2nd Brigade


   BG William W. Burns

3rd Brigade


   BG Napoleon J.T. Dana

Artillery


   Col Charles H. Tompkins

Cavalry
  • 6th New York Cavalry (Co. K): Cpt Riley Johnston

III Corps[edit]

BG Samuel P. Heintzelman[4]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Second Division
     BG Joseph Hooker

1st Brigade


   BG Cuvier Grover

2nd Brigade


   BG Daniel Sickles

3rd Brigade


   BG Francis E. Patterson[5]
   Col Samuel H. Starr

Artillery


   Maj Charles S. Wainwright

  • Battery D, 1st New York Light Artillery: Cpt Thomas W. Osborn
  • 4th New York Independent Battery: Cpt James E. Smith
  • 6th New York Independent Battery: Cpt Walter M. Bramhall
  • Battery H, 1st U.S. Artillery: Lt Charles R. Eakin

Third Division
     BG Philip Kearny

1st Brigade


   BG Charles D. Jameson (w)

2nd Brigade


   BG David B. Birney[6]
   Col J. H. Hobart Ward

  • 3rd Maine: Col Henry G. Staples
  • 4th Maine: Col Elijah Walker
  • 38th New York: Col J. H. Hobart Ward
  • 40th New York: Col Edward J. Riley (w), Ltc Thomas W. Egan
3rd Brigade


   BG Hiram G. Berry

Artillery


   Cpt James Thompson

Cavalry

IV Corps[edit]

BG Erasmus D. Keyes

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Darius N. Couch

1st Brigade


   BG John J. Peck

2nd Brigade


   BG John J. Abercrombie

3rd Brigade


   BG Charles Devens (w)
   Col Charles H. Innes

Artillery


   Maj Robert M. West

Cavalry
  • 6th New York Cavalry (Co. F)

Third Division
     BG Silas Casey

1st Brigade


   BG Henry M. Naglee

2nd Brigade


   BG Henry W. Wessells

3rd Brigade


   BG Innis N. Palmer

Artillery


   Col Guilford D. Bailey (k)
   Maj D. H. Van Valkenburgh (k)
   Cpt Peter C. Regan

  • Battery A, 1st New York Light Artillery: Lt George P. Hart
  • Battery H, 1st New York Light Artillery: Cpt Joseph Spratt (w), Lt Charles E. Mink
  • 7th New York Independent Battery: Cpt Peter C. Regan
  • 8th New York Independent Battery: Cpt Butler Fitch
Cavalry
  • 6th New York Cavalry (Co. B):
Cavalry

V Corps[edit]

BG Fitz John Porter

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG George W. Morell

1st Brigade


   BG John H. Martindale

2nd Brigade


   Col James McQuade

3rd Brigade


   BG Daniel Butterfield

Artillery


   Cpt Charles Griffin

Sharpshooters

Second Division
     BG George Sykes

1st Brigade


   Col Robert C. Buchanan

2nd Brigade


   Ltc William Chapman

3rd Brigade


   Col Gouverneur K. Warren

Artillery Reserve
     Col Henry J. Hunt

1st Brigade


   Ltc William Hays

  • Battery M, 2nd U.S. Artillery: Captain Henry Benson
  • Battery C–G, 3rd U.S. Artillery
2nd Brigade


   Ltc George W. Getty

3rd Brigade


   Maj Albert Arndt

  • Battery A, 1st New York Artillery Battalion
  • Battery B, 1st New York Artillery Battalion
  • Battery C, 1st New York Artillery Battalion
  • Battery D, 1st New York Artillery Battalion
4th Brigade


   Cpt J. Howard Carlisle

VI Corps[edit]

BG William B. Franklin

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Henry W. Slocum

1st Brigade


   BG George W. Taylor

2nd Brigade


   Col Joseph J. Bartlett

3rd Brigade


   BG John Newton

Artillery


   Cpt Edward R. Platt

Second Division
     BG William F. Smith

1st Brigade


   BG Winfield S. Hancock

2nd Brigade


   BG William T. H. Brooks

3rd Brigade


   BG John W. Davidson

Artillery


   Cpt Romeyn B. Ayres

Cavalry

Reserves[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Cavalry Reserve
     BG Philip St. George Cooke

1st Brigade


   BG William H. Emory

2nd Brigade


   Col George A.H. Blake

Advance Guard


   BG George Stoneman

White House Command


   Ltc Rufus Ingalls

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  2. ^ Attached to 15th Massachusetts
  3. ^ Attached to 1st Minnesota
  4. ^ Kearny's artillery, the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry, the 6th and 7th New Jersey regiments, and Poe's brigade were guarding the bridges at White Oak Swamp and not engaged.
  5. ^ Turned over command to Col. Starr on June 1 due to illness.
  6. ^ Under arrest May 31, brigade commanded by Col. Ward during the battle.
  7. ^ Attached to 22nd Massachusetts
  8. ^ Attached to 16th Michigan

Sources[edit]

  • Sears, Stephen W. To the Gates of Richmond: The Peninsula Campaign. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1992. ISBN 0-89919-790-6.
  • Richard, J. (27 January 2007). "The Armies at the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines". History of War. Retrieved 3 February 2016.