Sevkaretsi Sako

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Sevkaretsi Sako
Sevkareci.jpg
Native name
Սևքարեցի Սաքո
Born(1870-01-14)14 January 1870
Sevkar, Russian Empire
Died13 November 1908(1908-11-13) (aged 38)
Persia
Allegiance Dashnaktsutyun
Years of service?—1908
Battles/warsArmenian National Liberation Movement
Khanasor Expedition (1897)
Persian Constitutional Revolution (1906)

Sevkaretsi Sako (Armenian: Սևքարեցի Սաքո; January 14, 1870 – November 13, 1908) was an Armenian revolutionary and member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation.[1][2][3]

Life[edit]

The bust of Sevkaretsi Sako in Yerevan

Sevkaretsi Sako was born as Sarkis Tsovanyan in the Sevkar village of the Russian Empire, currently located at the northeastern part of Armenia.[2] He establish relations with such prominent Armenian revolutionaries as Sarkis Gugunian, Kristapor Mikaelian, and Rosdom.[4]

In 1892 Sevkaretsi Sako resided in the monastery of Derik, near the Iranian-Turkish border in order to facilitate the transfer of Armenian volunteer soldiers, equipment, and weapons into Western Armenia.[1][4]

In 1897 he took part in the Khanasor Expedition as commander of the cavalry group where an offensive from Armenian revolutionary fighters against the Kurdish Mazrik tribe resulted in a victory.[1][4] After the campaign was finished, Sevkaretsi Sako settled in Echmiatsin but soon returned to Western Armenia where he was arrested by Turkish police in Van, and was given a 101-year prison sentence.[1][4] In 1901 he was however given opportunity to be prosecuted through a Russian court which allowed him to be released.[1][4]

During the Armenian-Tatar clashes in 1905, Sevkaretsi Sako organized the self-defense of Gazakh-Shamshadin.[1][4] After the clashes, he eventually took part in the Persian Constitutional Revolution as a commander of cavalry.[4]

In 1908 he died of cholera at the age of 38.[4]

Legacy[edit]

A street is named after Sevkaretsi Sako in Armenia.[5]

In the village of his birthplace Sevkar, a bust of Sevkaretsi Sako has been inaugurated in his honor.[6]

A 194-page book was written by V. Valatian in 1959 which describes in detail about Sevkaretsi Sako's life and achievements.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f The Autobiography of Sevkaretsi Sako (in Armenian). Lebanon: Kaytser. 1994. p. 194.
  2. ^ a b Dasnabedian, Hratch. History of the Armenian Revolution Federation.
  3. ^ a b V. Valatian, "Sévkarétsi Sako", in "HAIRENlK", 1959, N°s 2 à 8. 54
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Знаменитые федаи – Герои сопротивления" (in Russian). Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Way: Sevkaretsi Sako street (49602441)". Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  6. ^ "Սեւքարեցիներն ապրում են անցյալի փառավոր հուշերով". Hetq (in Armenian). 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2 February 2013.

External links[edit]