|Native name||شَعْبَان (Arabic)|
|Number of days||29-30 (depends on actual observation of the moon's crescent)|
Shaʽban (Arabic: شَعْبَان, Šaʿbān) is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. It is called the month of "separation", as the word means "to disperse" or "to separate" because the pagan Arabs used to disperse in search of water.
The fifteenth night of this month is known as the "Night of Records" (Laylat al-Bara'at).
Sha'ban is the last lunar month before Ramadan, and so Muslims determine in it when the first day of Ramadan fasting will be. In the second Hijri year (624), Ramadan Fasting was made obligatory during this month.
In the post-Tanzimat Ottoman Empire context, the word was, in French, the main language of diplomacy and a common language among educated and among non-Muslim subjects, spelled Chaʼban. The current Turkish spelling today is Şâban.
The virtues of Sha'ban is mentioned in various traditions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Aisha, the wife of Muhammad, narrated that "(she) did not see him fasting in any month more than in the month of Sha'ban," except Ramadan.
In another narration the Prophet Muhammad said, "Do those deeds which you can do easily, as Allah will not get tired (of giving rewards) till you get bored and tired (of performing religious deeds)."
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Sha'ban migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Sha'ban, based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia, are:
|AH||First day (CE/AD)||Last day (CE/AD)|
|1442||14 March 2021||12 April 2021|
|1443||4 March 2022||1 April 2022|
|1444||21 February 2023||22 March 2023|
|1445||11 February 2024||10 March 2024|
|1446||31 January 2025||28 February 2025|
- 01 Sha'ban, birth of Zaynab bint Ali.
- 02 Sha'ban, death of (Imam Azam) Abu Hanifa.
- 03 Sha'ban, birth of Husayn ibn Ali.
- 04 Sha'ban, birth of Abbas ibn Ali.
- 05 Sha'ban, birth of Ali ibn Husayn.
- 05 Sha'ban, death of Fizza, the hand-maiden (Qaneez) of Fatimah.
- 07 Sha'ban, birth of Qasim ibn Hasan.
- 11 Sha'ban, birth of Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn.
- 15 Sha'ban, holiday known as Laylat al-Bara'at or Nisfu Sha'ban; birth of Muhammad al-Mahdi.
- 21 Sha'ban, passing away of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar.
- 22 Sha'ban, death of Muhammad Usman Damani.
- 27 Sha'ban, Death of Sayyad Laal Shah Hamdani
- 27 Sha’ban, birth of Eissa Hussain Allaqband ibn
- ^ a b c Yaşaroğlu, M.Kâmīl (2010). ŞÂBAN - An article published in Turkish Encyclopedia of Islam (in Turkish). Vol. 38 (Suyolcu - Serif En-nisaburi). Istanbul: TDV Encyclopedia of Islam. p. 207. ISBN 9789753894555. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
- ^ G.E. von Grunebaum, Muhammadan Festivals (London: Curzon Press, 1976), pp. 53-54.
- ^ Strauss, Johann (2010). "A Constitution for a Multilingual Empire: Translations of the Kanun-ı Esasi and Other Official Texts into Minority Languages". In Herzog, Christoph; Malek Sharif (eds.). The First Ottoman Experiment in Democracy. Wurzburg. pp. 21–51. (info page on book at Martin Luther University) Cited: p. 26 (PDF p. 28 - Quote: "[...]the French translations were in the eyes of some Ottoman statesmen the most important ones[...]")
- ^ Strauss, Johann (2016-07-07). "Language and power in the late Ottoman Empire". In Murphey, Rhoads (ed.). Imperial Lineages and Legacies in the Eastern Mediterranean: Recording the Imprint of Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Rule. Routledge. (ISBN 1317118448, 9781317118442), Google Books PT193.
- ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 82.
- ^ "Sahih al-Bukhari 1969 - Fasting - كتاب الصوم - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". sunnah.com. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
- ^ "Sunan an-Nasa'i 2351 - The Book of Fasting - كتاب الصيام - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". sunnah.com. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
- ^ "Riyad as-Salihin 1226 - The Book of Virtues - كتاب الفضائل - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". sunnah.com. Retrieved 2021-03-28.
- ^ "Sahih al-Bukhari 1970 - Fasting - كتاب الصوم - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". sunnah.com. Retrieved 2021-08-24.
- ^ Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia