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Shaʽban (Arabic: شَعْبَان‎, Šaʿbān) is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. It is the month of "separation", so called because the pagan Arabs used to disperse in search of water.

The fifteenth night of this month is known as the "Night of Records" (Laylat al-Bara'at).[1] However, observance of this day is disputed.[2]

Sha'ban is the last lunar month before Ramadan, and so Muslims determine in it when the first day of Ramadan fasting will be.[3]

In the post-Tanzimat Ottoman Empire context, the word was, in French, the main language of diplomacy and a common language among educated and among non-Muslim subjects,[4][5] spelled as Cha'ban.[6] The current Turkish spelling today is Şaban.


The virtues of Sha'ban is mentioned in various traditions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Aisha, the wife of Muhammad, narrated that "(she) did not see him fasting in any month more than in the month of Sha'ban," except Ramadan.[7][8][9]


The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Sha'ban migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Sha'ban, based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia, are:[10]

Sha'ban dates between 2018 and 2023
AH First day (CE/AD) Last day (CE/AD)
1439 17 April 2018 15 May 2018
1440 06 April 2019 05 May 2019
1441 25 March 2020 23 April 2020
1442 14 March 2021 12 April 2021
1443 04 March 2022 01 April 2022
1444 21 February 2023 22 March 2023

Islamic events[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ G.E. von Grunebaum, Muhammadan Festivals (London: Curzon Press, 1976), pp. 53-54.
  2. ^ "Bid'ah of Sha'baan -".
  3. ^ "Ramadan fasting to start May 27 or May 28". Retrieved 2017-04-27.
  4. ^ Strauss, Johann (2010). "A Constitution for a Multilingual Empire: Translations of the Kanun-ı Esasi and Other Official Texts into Minority Languages". In Herzog, Christoph; Malek Sharif (eds.). The First Ottoman Experiment in Democracy. Wurzburg. p. 21–51. (info page on book at Martin Luther University) Cited: p. 26 (PDF p. 28 - Quote: "[...]the French translations were in the eyes of some Ottoman statesmen the most important ones[...]")
  5. ^ Strauss, Johann (2016-07-07). "Language and power in the late Ottoman Empire". In Murphey, Rhoads (ed.). Imperial Lineages and Legacies in the Eastern Mediterranean: Recording the Imprint of Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Rule. Routledge. (ISBN 1317118448, 9781317118442), Google Books PT193.
  6. ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 82.
  7. ^ "Sahih al-Bukhari 1969 - Fasting - كتاب الصوم - - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  8. ^ "Sunan an-Nasa'i 2351 - The Book of Fasting - كتاب الصيام - - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  9. ^ "Riyad as-Salihin 1226 - The Book of Virtues - كتاب الفضائل - - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". Retrieved 2021-03-28.
  10. ^ Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia

External links[edit]