Shabbat lamp

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A Shabbat lamp

A Shabbat lamp is a special lamp that has movable parts to expose or block out its light so it can be turned "on" or "off" while its power physically remains on. This enables the lamp's light to be controlled by those Shabbat observant Jews who accept this use,[1] to make a room dark or light during Shabbat without actually switching the electrical power on or off, an act prohibited by Orthodox Judaism on both Shabbat and the Jewish Holidays.

One company manufacturing such lamps is Kosher Innovations, a Toronto-based company, based on a US patent application registered to Shmuel Veffer in 2004. Tens of thousands of units have been sold to observant Jews.[1]

Shabbat lamps for children, such as the teddy bear pictured here, have features for covering the light without tampering with electricity. Under the bear’s hat is a black shell that turns to completely hide the lightbulb.[2]

Halakha of the Shabbat lamp[edit]

There are various Jewish laws governing Shabbat lamps that enable their use by those[1] who permit controlling them during Shabbat.

The lamp itself cannot be moved from its location due to the laws of muktzah. However, most authorities agree the component that is used to open or close the light is not attached, and under Jewish law, has the status of a lamp shade, which can be moved during Shabbat in order to control the amount of light that is exposed.[3]

In addition, it is problematic in halacha to move a light because, historically, the most common lights were candles or other flames which could easily go out if moved. (This applies only to Shabbat; during a Yom Tov that does not coincide with Shabbat, the lamp may be moved but not unplugged, as moving a candle on such a day is permitted.) The restriction on moving candles may also apply to incandescent lights, which are generally treated in halacha as similar to fires. However, Shabbat lamps are lit by and only accept a compact fluorescent lamp. These bulbs do not contain electrical filaments like those found in incandescent light bulbs, and therefore, according to some rabbinical authorities, do not constitute a fire, but rather, an electrical appliance that is permissible to move on Shabbat.[4] As of 2017, newer versions of the KosherLamp (in North America) come with an LED bulb instead of a compact fluorescent bulb.

Practically speaking, a normal lamp could be covered[5] with a towel or other object (according to some opinions) on Shabbat in order to minimize its light. However, the Shabbat lamp has a close-fitting cover which is much more effective and safe at producing total darkness. Furthermore, the base of some newer versions "won't move when twisting {the} shade."[6]

The 15 watt compact fluorescent bulb (CFL) used also has the benefit of using a minimal amount of energy, as the lamp must remain on for a period of at least 25 hours.


As of 2010, it has reported "sold hundreds of thousands of units .. mostly in North America, .. 20,000 units sold in Israel."[5]

Another "manufacturing wholesaler" company, based in Brooklyn, has developed an LED-based variant:[7] "Shabbulb .. has a specialty cover, with an attached lever..." The innovative aspect is that the bulb can be used in ordinary lamps; the cover permits heat to escape.[8]

Still another offers a clip-on option.[9] It offers a "Slide Shutter" which, while totally mechanical, is named in a way that doesn't comply[10] with Halachic guidance offered to a competing product: ".. insisted that the words 'hide' and 'expose' and 'cover' and 'uncover' be used – as opposed to 'on' and 'off.'[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Dan Levin (September 1, 2008). "Entrepreneurs Find Ways to Make Technology Work With Jewish Sabbath". The New York Times. New York Times. p. C4. Retrieved August 11, 2019. disagreements ... over the permissibility
  2. ^ Battegay, Caspar, 1978- (2018). Jüdische Schweiz : 50 Objekte erzählen Geschichte = Jewish Switzerland : 50 objects tell their stories. Lubrich, Naomi, 1976-, Jüdisches Museum der Schweiz (1. Auflage ed.). Basel. ISBN 978-3-85616-847-6. OCLC 1030337455.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^
  4. ^ Shemirath Shabbat Kehilchathah 13:40
  5. ^ a b Shoshana Chen (December 24, 2010). "Rabbi Elyashiv: Don't visit Western Wall on Shabbat". YnetNews. Retrieved August 12, 2019. police representatiatives ... agreed to install a "Kosher lamp" which would ...
  6. ^ "Purple Shabbat Lamp".
  7. ^ a b Bracha Halperin (January 3, 2019). "The Kosher-For-Shabbos Lightbulb". The Jewish Press.
  8. ^ "Covering any hot surface prevents heat from dissipating."
  9. ^ Mark Blechner (November 29, 2018). "ShabbosLite Spreads Light".
  10. ^ (even though a window "shutter" doesn't shut off the sun)

External links[edit]