Shade River

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Shade River
East Branch Shade River Ohio.jpg
The East Branch of the Shade River in Chester Township in 2006
Country United States
State Ohio
 - left East Branch Shade River
Source West Branch Shade River
 - location Scipio Township, Meigs County
 - elevation 853 ft (260 m) [1]
 - length 20.8 mi (33 km) [2]
 - coordinates 39°11′28″N 82°09′24″W / 39.19111°N 82.15667°W / 39.19111; -82.15667 [3]
Secondary source Middle Branch Shade River
 - location Athens Township, Athens County
 - elevation 950 ft (290 m) [1]
 - length 28.5 mi (46 km) [2]
 - coordinates 39°18′33″N 82°04′52″W / 39.30917°N 82.08111°W / 39.30917; -82.08111 [4]
Source confluence
 - location Chester Township, Meigs County
 - elevation 574 ft (175 m) [1]
 - coordinates 39°05′58″N 81°55′21″W / 39.09944°N 81.92250°W / 39.09944; -81.92250 [5]
Mouth Ohio River
 - location Olive Township, Meigs County
 - elevation 561 ft (171 m) [6]
 - coordinates 39°04′03″N 81°48′49″W / 39.06750°N 81.81361°W / 39.06750; -81.81361Coordinates: 39°04′03″N 81°48′49″W / 39.06750°N 81.81361°W / 39.06750; -81.81361 [5]
Length 17.4 mi (28 km) [2]
Basin 221 sq mi (572 km2) [2]
Discharge for near Chester
 - average 174 cu ft/s (5 m3/s) [7]
 - max 15,600 cu ft/s (442 m3/s)
 - min 0.00 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
Shade River map.png
Map of the Shade River and its watershed

The Shade River is a tributary of the Ohio River in southeastern Ohio in the United States. Via the Ohio River, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 221 square miles (570 km2) on the unglaciated portion of the Allegheny Plateau. The Shade River is 17.4 miles (28.0 km) long, or 38.2 miles (61.5 km) including its west branch.[2]

The Shade River flows predominantly as three streams, its east, middle, and west branches. It is formed by the confluence of its middle and west branches, and collects its east branch shortly thereafter:[8]

  • The West Branch Shade River rises in Scipio Township in Meigs County, at an elevation of 853 feet (260 m), and flows east-southeastwardly through Bedford and Chester Townships.[3][8] The West Branch is 20.8 miles (33.5 km) long and drains an area of 71.3 square miles (185 km2).[2]
  • The Middle Branch Shade River rises southeast of the city of Athens in Athens Township in Athens County, at an elevation of 950 feet (290 m), and flows southeastwardly through Alexander, Lodi, and Carthage Townships in Athens County; and Bedford, Orange, and Chester Townships in Meigs County.[4][8] The Middle Branch is 28.5 miles (45.9 km) long and drains an area of 57.6 square miles (149 km2).[2]
  • The East Branch Shade River rises in Lodi Township in Athens County, at an elevation of 916 feet (279 m), and flows south-southeastwardly through Carthage Township in Athens County, and Orange and Chester Townships in Meigs County.[1][8][9] The East Branch is 21.9 miles (35.2 km) long and drains an area of 54.9 square miles (142 km2).[2]

From the confluence of the middle and west branches in Chester Township, the Shade River flows generally eastwardly, past the community of Chester. It collects its east branch from the north at the community of Keno, and enters the Ohio River in Olive Township, approximately one mile (2 km) south of the community of Long Bottom.[8]

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Shade River has also been known historically as "Shade Creek" and as "Devils Hole Creek."[5]

Flow rate[edit]

At the United States Geological Survey's stream gauge downstream of Chester, the annual mean flow of the river between 1965 and 2012 was 174 cubic feet per second (5 cubic meters per second). The highest recorded flow during the period was 15,600 cfs (442 m³/s) on March 2, 1997. The lowest recorded flow was 0.00 cfs (0 m³/s) on September 5, 2007.[7]

See also[edit]