Meigs County, Ohio

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Meigs County, Ohio
Meigs County Courthouse comprehensive.jpg
Seal of Meigs County, Ohio
Map of Ohio highlighting Meigs County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded April 1, 1819[1]
Named for Return J. Meigs, Jr.
Seat Pomeroy
Largest village Middleport
 • Total 433 sq mi (1,121 km2)
 • Land 430 sq mi (1,114 km2)
 • Water 2.9 sq mi (8 km2), 0.7%
 • (2010) 23,770
 • Density 55/sq mi (21/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Meigs County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,770.[2] Its county seat is Pomeroy.[3] The county is named for Return J. Meigs, Jr., the fourth Governor of Ohio.[4]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 433 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 430 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) (0.7%) is water.[5] The Ohio River forms the eastern and southern boundaries of the county, the other side of which is located in West Virginia.

Meigs County lies in the Appalachian Plateau physiographic region of the Appalachian Mountains. The landscape is considered to be anywhere from gently rolling to rugged, typical of a dissected plateau. Elevations range from 1,020 feet (310 m) asl (above sea level) in the southwest to about 535 feet (163 m) asl in the far south central part of the county along the Ohio River. The majority of Meigs County is drained by two subwatersheds of the Ohio River, Shade River and Leading Creek. Another stream of note is Raccoon Creek, which flows through a small area of the northwestern corner of the county.[6]

Coal mining, both strip and underground, has been an important industry in Meigs County since the late 19th century, although mining of all types largely ceased by the 1990s. The effects of mining are still readily seen on the landscape today. Features such as high walls, spoil piles, and irregular topography are still prevalent. Many tributaries in the Leading Creek basin are plagued by acid mine drainage and sedimentation.[citation needed]

In 2009, Gatling, Ohio LLC invested $75 million to open a new coal mine and coal prep plant near Racine. It is capable of employing 120 to 150 miners, and is capable of producing 3.5 million marketable tons of coal per year.[7][8]


Meigs County's climate is considered humid continental, with warm to hot, humid summers and cool to cold, wet winters. Precipitation averages 41" annually, spread evenly throughout the year. High July temperatures average in the upper 80s F, while lows average in the low to mid 60s F. Temperatures above 90* F in the summer are common. January highs average about 40* F, with lows in the lower 20s. Temperatures around or even below 0* F occur during most winters. Snowfall averages 20–25", falling between late November and the first week of April.

The Ohio River creates a microclimate in its valley where temperatures tend to be moderated by the river, hence resulting in longer growing seasons compared to the rest of the county. Other microclimates, known as frost hollows or frost pockets, exist throughout the county in small isolated valleys. Nocturnal temperatures are often several degrees colder than the surrounding terrain.

Adjacent counties[edit]

State protected areas[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,480
1830 6,158 37.5%
1840 11,452 86.0%
1850 17,971 56.9%
1860 26,534 47.6%
1870 31,465 18.6%
1880 32,325 2.7%
1890 29,813 −7.8%
1900 28,620 −4.0%
1910 25,594 −10.6%
1920 26,189 2.3%
1930 23,961 −8.5%
1940 24,104 0.6%
1950 23,227 −3.6%
1960 22,159 −4.6%
1970 19,799 −10.7%
1980 23,641 19.4%
1990 22,987 −2.8%
2000 23,072 0.4%
2010 23,770 3.0%
Est. 2014 23,331 [9] −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 23,072 people, 9,234 households, and 6,574 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 10,782 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.73% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,234 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,287, and the median income for a family was $33,071. Males had a median income of $30,821 versus $19,621 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,848. About 14.30% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.30% of those under age 18 and 14.50% of those age 65 or over.


Meigs county schools include:


Map of Meigs County, Ohio with municipal and township labels
Meigs County Courthouse



Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Meigs County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved April 28, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 204. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  6. ^ Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1991. pp. 79–80, 87. ISBN 0-89933-233-1. 
  7. ^ "Pomeroy Daily Sentinel – Gatling investing million in mine facility". Retrieved June 1, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Coal Ties / Meigs County producing coal once again " Entangled Citizens". May 18, 2009. Retrieved June 1, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1928.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°05′N 82°01′W / 39.08°N 82.02°W / 39.08; -82.02