Shenandoah (Amtrak train)
The Shenandoah at Cumberland in June 1974
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|First service||October 31, 1976|
|Last service||September 30, 1981|
|Distance travelled||546 mi (878.70 km)|
|Average journey time||14 hours 28 minutes|
|Catering facilities||On-board café|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Track owner(s)||B&O Railroad|
The Shenandoah began operating on October 31, 1976. The name came from the Shenandoah, a Washington–Akron, Ohio, train operated by the B&O until Amtrak took over the nation's passenger trains in 1971.:29
Amtrak discontinued the Shenandoah on September 30, 1981, citing low ridership. Amtrak considered the Shenandoah one of its "weakest lines"; the Department of Transportation had recommended its discontinuance in 1979. Service on the Washington–Cumberland segment of the Shenandoah was replaced by the new Washington–Pittsburgh–Chicago Capitol Limited.:126–127 The Cincinnati–Cumberland portion remains without rail service, and CSX subsequently abandoned much of the line.:315
Uniquely, the Shenandoah equipment pool in 1978–1979 included a pair of converted Amfleet sleepers (dubbed "Ampad") in response to equipment shortages and a Congressional requirement that overnight trains including sleeping accommodations.:69
- Sanders, Craig (2007). Akron Railroads. Images of Rail. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-4141-9. OCLC 123357483.
- "Shenandoah, Cardinal Make Final Runs: Congressmen Seek Ways To Keep Cincinnati Routes". Toledo Blade. October 1, 1981. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- Reynolds, Kirk; Dave Oroszi (2000). Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Osceola, WI: MBI. ISBN 0760307466. OCLC 42764520.
- Schwieterman, Joseph P. (2001). When the Railroad Leaves Town: American Communities in the Age of Rail Line Abandonment, Eastern United States. Kirksville, Missouri: Truman State University Press. ISBN 978-0-943549-97-2.
- Sanders, Craig (2006). Amtrak in the Heartland. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-34705-3.
Media related to Shenandoah (Amtrak train) at Wikimedia Commons