Sherpur, Ghazipur

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Sherpur Kalan
Sherpur
Village[1]
Sherpur Kalan is located in Uttar Pradesh
Sherpur Kalan
Sherpur Kalan
Sherpur Kalan is located in India
Sherpur Kalan
Sherpur Kalan
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 25°34′06″N 83°47′07″E / 25.5683504°N 83.7853501°E / 25.5683504; 83.7853501Coordinates: 25°34′06″N 83°47′07″E / 25.5683504°N 83.7853501°E / 25.5683504; 83.7853501
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Ghazipur
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 233236[2]
Telephone code 05493
Vehicle registration UP-61
Distance from New Delhi 895 kilometres (556 mi) NW (land)
Distance from Mumbai 1,550 kilometres (960 mi) SW (land)
Distance from Chennai 1,894 kilometres (1,177 mi) SE (land)
Distance from Kolkata 711 kilometres (442 mi) (land)
Climate Cfa (Köppen)
Precipitation 980 millimetres (39 in)
Avg. annual temperature 32.0 °C (89.6 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 33.0 °C (91.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 05 °C (41 °F)

Sherpur is a village of ‘Sakarwar Vansh’ in the Mohammadabad tehsil of Ghazipur district in Uttar Pradesh. It has population of 25,795 as per 2011 Census.[3] Having a history of almost four hundred years, this village has rich heritage of history of India's independence struggle. It has its own local administration under Panchayati Raj system, with Gram Pradhan as head. In British era this village along with Reaotipur was known as 'Pachiso Hazaar' due to land revenue of Rupees Twenty five thousand regularly paid to British coffers.[4]

History[edit]

The village of Sherpur was established by 'Babu Dullah Rai' in the year 1590 A.D.[5] Babu Dullah Rai was great grandson of Kamdev Misir's great grandson Puranmal Rai. As per the genealogical records of Sankrit gotriya 'Sakarwar' clan, the ancestors of Sherpur migrated from 'Fatuhabad' of Fatehpur district to 'Sakaradih' of Zamania Tehsil in Ghazipur district in the year of 1530 A.D. Families of two brothers named 'Kamdev Misir' and 'Dhamdev Misir' moved eastward after the 'battle of Madarpur' and settled at Sakaradih, while third brother Biramdev Misir's family moved in north to some unknown place. Madarpur battle was fought between Mughal general Mir Baqi and an united army of Brahmin zamindars near Kanpur in 1528 A.D. In this battle brahmin warriors fought bravely but got defeated due to use of advanced technology and gun powder by Mughal army. This was the last major resistance in front of advancing mughal army towards east as it has got mentioned in 'Kanyakubja Prabodhini' ;

Madaradipurakhyasya bhuinhara dwijastu ye

Tebhyashcha Yavanendraishcha mahat-yuddham-abhutpura।।2।।

Tebhyashch-brahmanah sarve parasta abhawans-tatah।।

(As per the account of Madarpur Brahmin zamindars, known as Bhuinhars, fought bravely with the army of Mughal emperor. However they all got defeated and wiped out.)

Unfortunately historians had kept silent about this war.[6] In the fifth generation of Kam Misir’s son Achal Misir, Babu Dullah Rai crossed holy Ganga river and identified a new place for the inhabitation of his large family. He named the place Sherpur.[7] People of Sherpur played indelible role in 1942 Quit India Movement.[8] Under the leadership of Dr.Shivpujan Rai a group of freedom fighters hoisted the tricolor flag at Mohammadabad Tehsil. In doing so Dr.Shivpujan Rai, Rishishewar Rai,Vans Narayan Rai, Ram Badan Upadhyay, Raj Narayan Rai ,Narayan Rai, Vashishtha Narain Rai and Bans Narain Rai sacrificed their life for the motherland on 18 August 1942.[9][10]

Gram Panchayat[edit]

Sherpur has one of the biggest Gram Panchayat of Ghazipur district having six villages, Sherpur Kalan, Sherpur Khurd, Semra, Vachhal ka pura, Dharampura under its fold. Since independence of the country the village pradhan of Sherpur has played an important role in local politics of Ghazipur district. At present[when?] Mrs. Manju Rai is the Gram Pradhan of this panchayat.[11]

Transport[edit]

The village is nearly 32 km from Ghazipur city Railway station and UP Roadways Ghazipur depot. Other nearby railway stations are Yusufpur and Buxar railway station. Sherpur can be reached through road transport by mean of private or rented vehicles, such as buses and taxies.

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture is the main source of income and livelihood for the residents. Nearly all type of food grains which are cultivated in eastern UP are also produced here, popular crops include wheat, paddy and potatoes, though other crops such as mustard, lentils, grams are also produced in large quantities, the village has privately owned rice mills and oil mills. Farmers often sell their products either in the local market or in the anaj mandi (government food grains store house) located in Yusufpur. Farming is done with semi modern and semi classical techniques, tractors electrical water pumping sets are used for farming but bigger machines like harvesters are also used in the village.

Language and culture[edit]

Language spoken by majority in the village is a mix of Bhojpuri and Hindi, though Urdu has also a great influence on it. Culturally the area is much influenced by Varanasi which is a major cultural center nearby.

Nearby places[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sherpur Pin Code, Sherpur, Ghazipur Map, Latitude and Longitude, Uttar Pradesh". Indiamapia.com. Retrieved 2012-04-07. 
  2. ^ "Pincode: Sherpur, Ghazipur, Uttar Pradesh | Post Office address Sherpur, Uttar Pradesh". IndiaPinCode.in. Retrieved 2012-04-07. 
  3. ^ "Sub_Districts_Master". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-04-07. 
  4. ^ Historical and Statistical Memoir of the Ghazeepoor District from 1781 A.D., Wilton Oldham, 1876 , Allahabad North-Western Provinces Govt. Press Publication
  5. ^ Evolution and Spatial Organization of Clan Settlements (1986), S. H. Ansari, Concept Publishing Company
  6. ^ Kanyakubja Prabodhini (1820), Pandit Narayan Prasad Mishra, Khemraj Shrikrindass Publications, Bombay
  7. ^ Evolution and Spatial Organization of Clan Settlements (1986), S. H. Ansari, Concept Publishing Company
  8. ^ District Ghazipur Gazetteers, Published by government of Uttar Pradesh,1981
  9. ^ http://ghazipur.nic.in/ghazifreedomstrugule.htm
  10. ^ Ghazipur District Records;Chopra; P.N.:Quit India Movement of 1942,Published in the Journal of Indian History,Trivendrum,1971
  11. ^ http://sec.up.nic.in/site/electionresult.aspx

External links[edit]