Shmuel Ben David
Shmuel Ben David (1884–1927) born in Sofia, Bulgaria was an illustrator, painter, typographer and designer affiliated with the Bezalel school, an art movement that developed in Jerusalem in the early twentieth century.
Shabat Menachem Davidov (later Shmuel Ben David) studied under Boris Schatz at the National Academy of Fine Arts in Sofia. In 1906, he immigrated to Palestine and enrolled at the Bezalel School of Arts and Crafts established by Schatz in Jerusalem. Ben David was the first Bezalel student to become a teacher there. He taught in the Tapestry Department and devoted much of his artistic endeavor to research and design of Hebrew typography; his preoccupation with the Hebrew alphabet brought forth an extensive lexicon of ornamentation.
In 1912, the artist traveled to Paris and continued his art studies at the Academie Julian and left a collection of sketch books. In 1920 Ben David was one of the founders of the Agudat Omanim Ivrit (Association of Hebrew Artists). He organized the Association’s first exhibition and was its first chairman. Around 1923 Ben David produced a unique copy of an illuminated Scroll of Esther, made of parchment.
- Ars Judaica, 2013, Alec Mishory; "A Purim Masquerade: Fowls and Foxes in Shmuel Ben David’s Illuminated Scroll of Esther (ca. 1923)"
- "Shmuel Ben David". King's Gallery.
- Manor, Dalia. Art in Zion: The Genesis of Modern National Art in Jewish Palestine. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005 p.203-4.
- Ofrat, Gideon. One Hundred Years of Art in Israel. Boulder: Westview, 1998. p.24 
- Kedem, Art Portfolio Leaves - Shmuel Ben-David's Signature/ Issue of" Die Kunst"
- Art in Zion