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Sri Krishna Pandaveeyam

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Sri Krishna Pandaveeyam
Shri Krishna Pandaviyam.jpg
Directed by N. T. Rama Rao
Produced by N. Trivikrama Rao
Written by Samudrala Raghavacharya
Starring N. T. Rama Rao
Udaykumar
K. R. Vijaya
Chittor V. Nagaiah
Gummadi Venkateswara Rao
S. Varalakshmi
Shobhan Babu
Kanta Rao
Rajanala
Kaikala Satyanarayana
Haranath
Music by T. V. Raju
Cinematography Ravikant Nagaich
Edited by Govind Dinakar Joshi
Distributed by NAT Combines
Release date
13 January 1966
Running time
3 Hours, 07 minutes, 44 seconds
Country India
Language Telugu

Sri Krishna Pandaveeyam (The friendship/union of Lord Krishna and the Pandavas) is a 1966 mythological film directed by N. T. Rama Rao and produced by N. Trivikrama Rao. It depicts the adolescent age of the Pandavas and Krishna and shows the events in Mahabharatha focussing on the later chapters of Adi Parva and the first half of Sabha Parva. The film was shot at the Vauhini Studios under the N.A.T and Ramakrishna combined banner. It was a blockbuster hit upon its release. It had a 100-day run in 9 centers and garnered positive critical acclaim for its direction and acting prowess. N.T.R has portrayed the roles of Duryodhana and Krishna in this movie.

Plot[edit]

ACT I[edit]

The opening shot of the movie shows Kunti praying for Lord Krishna's protection for the Pandavas. Lord Krishna consoles Kunti and promises to ever protect the Pandavas and guide them through troubles and problems that may occur in their life.

The story of Shakuni[edit]

The sons of Pandu and Dhritarashtra progeny break into an argument. When Duryodhana insults the Pandavas as "dependents", Bheema counters by saying that, the Kauravas are the progeny of a widow. Duryodhana asks Veda Vyasa for an explanation. He is then told that, since his mother, Gandhari had an astrological defect, she was first married of to a sheep and then married to his father. Duryodhana gains animosity towards the kingdom of Gandhara where the king, the father of his mother Gandhari, rules. He attacks Gandhara and lays waste the whole kingdom.

He them imprisons the Gandhara royal family in his prison. He gives them only one rice grain per prisoner and that too the left over food of the kaurava clan.The prisoners start fighting for the few rice grains thrown at them. The king of Gandhara then stops everyone from grabbing the little food that is provided. He says that instead of everyone dying, they could keep at least one of their princes alive. He chooses Shakuni to be alive. Shakuni takes an oath that he will do everything he can to destroy the entire Kaurava clan.The whole royal family except Shakuni dies in the prison. Shakuni makes magic dice from his father's spinal cord. The magic dice show exactly the number that he would want. Duryodhana takes pity on the lone prisoner, Shakuni after the rest of the Gandhara royal family dies in prison out of starvation. Shakuni joins the evil of coterie of Duryodhana, Karna and Dushyasana.

The wax house[edit]

Shakuni schemes an evil plan to kill the Pandavas through trickery. He constructs a house made of wax in Varanasi. Pandavas are ordered to go on pilgrimage to Varanasi until the troubled affairs of the state are resolved. Krishna sees through the plan of the evil Shakuni. He warns Bheema to keep an eye on miscreants trying to burn the house. He later orders Bheema to dig an underground tunnel from the wax house into a forest nearby, which Bheema does. On a midnight, as Krishna predicted, the house is burned by fire on the orders of Duryodhana.

Hidimbi[edit]

Bheema however carries his four brothers and mother on his back and races through the tunnel and takes them to the hiding spot. There a certain cannibal rakshasa named Hidimbasura lives with his sister Hidimbi. He smells the scent of human beings and orders his sister to bring them. Hidimbi however falls in love at first sight with Bheema. Unable to wait any longer, Hidimbasura comes to kill the Pandavas himself. Bheema however kills him very easily. Hidimbi is married to Bheema. She later gives birth to Ghatotkacha from this union.

ACT II[edit]

Here the movie, takes focus off Pandavas and instead focuses on Lord Krishna as the primary character for some duration.

The courtship of Rukmini[edit]

Shishupala, the king of Chedi and Rukmi are the kings under emperor Jarasandha. All three have deep hatred towards Krishna. Jarasandha proposes that Rukmi should marry his sister, Rukmini, to Shishupala. Little do they know that she is in love with Krishna himself. Narada acts as the mediator between the love couple. After a brief courtship, Rukmini elopes with Krishna. Rukmi tries to stop Krishna and challenges him to a fight. Krishna easily defeats him, and grants his wife - Rukmini's wish by keeping him alive. He however shaves half of his hair to add insult to the injury.

ACT III[edit]

The movie returns to its primary focus on the Pandavas with Duryodhana taking a major share of the screen space towards the end.

The slaying of Bakasura[edit]

Bakasura, Bheema, Keechaka, Jarasandha and Duryodhana are all born with their fate mingled with each other. As a result of that, the first amongst the five to kill the another... will eventually kill the other three. This secret is known to Krishna alone.

The Pandavas live under the guise of sadhus in a remote town. Bakasura is a very powerful monster who plagues the town. He blackmails them to send two oxen, a cartload of food and a human being everyday to quench his hunger. It so happens that, the house owners of the Pandavas get their turn to send the human being on that day. However, Kunti says that she would rather sacrifice her own son instead of their only one, since she has five children.

Bheema sets off to the monster's place, but on the way he eats all the food. After a very ferocious fight with the monster, he does kill it in the end. Bheema emerges as the victor.

Draupadi[edit]

The king of Panchala, Drupada announces an archery contest to win the hand of his daughter in marriage. Krishna tricks Karna into losing the contest. Arjuna however shows up as a Brahmin youth and wins the contest. Thus he wins Draupadi as a prize. He goes home and tells his mother that he has won a prize. Unknowingly, his mother asks him to share his prize amongst all the five brothers. Thus all five brothers, marry Draupadi.

Indraparastha[edit]

As the Pandavas have emerged from their disguise, they get a share of the Kaurava kingdom and develop the city of Indraprastha.

The slaying of Jarasandha[edit]

Jarasandha is the nemesis of Krishna. No one other than Bheema or the other three mentioned earlier can defeat him, and the legend is that Krishna escapes to Dwaraka due to threats from Jarasandha, and his repeated failures in defeating the latter. This time Bheema and Krishna go in disguised form, as Brahmins(purohits) into the fortress of Jarasandha. There they request for a duel from Jarasandha. Jarasandha chooses Bheema as his sparring partner. During the fight, Krishna signals Bheema to tear Jarasandha vertically apart into two pieces so the latter will be killed for good. However the body parts of Jarasandha rejoin because of a boon he possesses, and he regains his life. After a few failed attempts, Krishna signals Bheema to throw apart Jarasandha's torn body parts in opposite directions. This time however Jarasandha dies.

Rajasuya yaga[edit]

Yudhishthira performs the Rajasuya yaga, to be crowned as the emperor. The Kauravas, arrive at Indraprastha as guests. Duryodhana visits the mayasabha, where he is overawed with the beauty of sculpture and architecture. However, when he is returning, he trips and falls into a pool. He hears some people laughing and sees Draupadi is among the crowd. He then concludes that she is behind all this and vows to avenge the insult in the presence of his brothers, Karna and Shakuni.

The slaying of Shishupala[edit]

Shishupala is a relative of Sri Krishna and he is born with a lot of abnormal features. When Krishna touches him during his childhood, the child becomes normal. However a result of the broken curse, Krishna is destined to kill Shishupala. Krishna however promises Shishupala's mother that he would give his son a hundred chances before killing him.

When Yudhistra elects Krishna as the chief guest at the Rajasuya yaga, Shishupala becomes enraged and foulmouths Krishna. Krishna counts hundred absurdities hurled at him by Shishupala. Then after his hundredth mistake Krishna hurls his discus Sudharshana chakra towards him. Shishupala's head is severed. When Duryodhana calls for Krishna to be arrested, Krishna unveils his Vishwa-avatar

Cast[edit]

Soundtrack[edit]

There are 26 songs and poems in this Musical film, composed by T. V. Raju.[1]

# Song Lyrics Singer
1 "Bhala Bhala Naa Bandi Parugu Teese Bandi" Kosaraju Raghavaiah Madhavapeddi Satyam
2 "Changure Bangaru Raaja" Kosaraju Raghavaiah Jikki
3 "Mattu Vadalara Niddura Mattu Vadalara" Kosaraju Raghavaiah Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao
4 "Nallanivadena O Cheli Challani Vadene" Kosaraju Raghavaiah P. Susheela & Chorus
5 "Priyurala Siggelane" Kosaraju Raghavaiah Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao , P. Susheela
6 "Swagatam Suswagatam Swagatam Kuru Sarvabhouma" Kosaraju Raghavaiah P. Leela , P. Susheela
7 "Yemitaya Nee Leela Krishna" Kosaraju Raghavaiah P. B. Srinivas

References[edit]

External links[edit]