Ptichka

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Buria
Russian: Буря
Ptichka
Russian: Птичка'
CountrySoviet/Russian
Named afterBuria
Status95-97% complete, property of Kazakhstan-Russia Joint Venture Company Aelita, at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, in the MZK Building.[1]
Time spent in spaceNever flew in space

"Buria" (Russian: "Буря", "Storm" or "Tempest"), or "Ptichka" (Russian: "Птичка","Birdie"), is an official nickname for the second Buran-class spaceplane, produced as part of the Soviet/Russian Buran programme, and inscribed on the ship's hull. It carried the GRAU index serial number 11F35 K2 and is - depending on the source - also known as "OK-1K2", "Orbiter K2", "OK 1.02" or "Shuttle 1.02".

OK-1K2 is distinguishable from the other Buran-class orbiters by a red framework attached to the top of its cargo bay doors.

Construction[edit]

Construction of the second orbiter started in 1988, and although OK-1K2 was closest to being completed of any of the Buran-class orbiters (after the OK-1K1 orbiter), it was never finished. The program was officially canceled in 1993, at which point the shuttle was 95-97% complete.

Projected flights[edit]

Projected flights[2] as of 1989:

  • 1991 — unmanned first flight, with a duration of 1–2 days.
  • 1992 — unmanned second flight, with a duration of 7–8 days. Orbital maneuvers and space station approach test.

Changed in 1991:

  • December 1991 — unmanned second flight, with a duration of 7–8 days. Orbital maneuvers and space station approach test:
    • automatic docking with Mir's Kristall module.
    • crew transfer from Mir to the spaceplane, with testing of some of its systems in the course of twenty-four hours, including the remote manipulator
    • undocking and autonomous flight in orbit
    • docking of the manned Soyuz TM-101 with the spaceplane
    • crew transfer from the Soyuz to the spaceplane and on board work in the course of twenty-four hours
    • automatic undocking and landing

Status[edit]

OK-1K2 is believed to be currently the property of Kazakhstan-Russia Joint Venture Company Aelita, a subsidiary of RKK Energia, but there is no reliable information nowadays. It is stored in the MZK building at Baikonur Cosmodrome together with its full mass-size layout.[1] Location: 45°56′25.6″N 63°19′6.3″E / 45.940444°N 63.318417°E / 45.940444; 63.318417.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Несостоявшаяся гордость отечественной космонавтики - второй летный корабль 11Ф35 первой серии (изделие 1.02)" (in Russian).
  2. ^ "Экипажи "Бурана" Несбывшиеся планы". buran.ru. Retrieved 5 August 2006.

External links[edit]