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|Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire|
|Capital||Silistra and Özi
|•||1856||94,858 km2 (36,625 sq mi)|
|Today part of||Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Ukraine|
The Eyalet of Silistra or Silistria (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت سیلیستره; Eyālet-i Silistre), later known as Özü Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت اوزی; Eyālet-i Özi) meaning Province of Ochakiv was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire along the Black Sea littoral and south bank of the Danube River in southeastern Europe. The fortress of Akkerman was under the eyalet's jurisdiction. Its reported area in the 19th century was 27,469 square miles (71,140 km2).
The Eyalet of Silistra was formed in 1593 as beylerbeylik of Özi (Ukrainian:Očakiv)  from territory of the former Principality of Karvuna, later Dobruja, Silistra was originally the Silistra Sanjak of Rumelia Eyalet.
It was named after Silistra, since its governor often resided in this Danubian fortress. Around 1599, it was expanded and raised to the level of an eyalet likely as a benefit to its first governor-general (beylerbeyi), the khan of Crimea. It was centered on the regions of Dobruja, Budjak (Ottoman Bessarabia), and Yedisan and included the towns of Varna, Kustendja (Constanța), Akkerman (Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyi), and Khadjibey (Odessa) with its capital at the fortresses of Silistra (now in Bulgaria) or Özi (now Ochakiv in Ukraine).
In the 17th century, Silistra Eyalet was expanded to the south and west to include most of modern Bulgaria and European Turkey including the towns of Adrianople (Edirne), Filibe (Plovdiv), and Vidin. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, a series of Russo-Turkish Wars truncated the eyalet in the east with Russia eventually annexing all of Yedisan and Budjak to the Danube by 1812.
|According to Sancak Tevcih Defteri, eyalet consisted of eight sanjaks between 1700 and 1730 as follows:||Sanjaks in the early 19th century:|
- 1615? - ? Iskender Pasha
- 1621–1623 Khan Temir
- 1631? - Late Spring 1632 Abaza Mehmed Pasha
- Late Spring 1632 - ? Murtaza Pasha
- c.1657 Melek Ahmed Pasha
- c.1683 Mustafa Pasha
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- Orhan Kılıç, XVII. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısında Osmanlı Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Teșkilatlanması, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teșkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, pp. 92-93. (Turkish)
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- Kołodziejczyk 2011, p. 171.