Sillitoe tartan

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The originally Scottish Police Black and white Sillitoe "tartan", correctly known as dicing, is commonly used for law enforcement across the entire United Kingdom (other than the City of London Police, who use red and white).
Blue and white Sillitoe pattern commonly used for police in Australia and New Zealand, and for cathedral constables in England.

Sillitoe tartan is the nickname given to the distinctive black and white chequered pattern correctly known as dicing, which was originally associated with the police in Scotland, but which later spread to widespread use overseas, notably in Australia, New Zealand, the rest of the United Kingdom, and Chicago as well as Pittsburgh in the United States. Elsewhere it is rare, such as some municipal Police in Spain and parts of Canada where it is limited to the auxiliary police services.

Based on the diced bands seen on the Glengarries that are worn by several Scottish regiments of the British Army, the pattern was first adopted for police use in 1932 by Sir Percy Sillitoe, Chief Constable of the City of Glasgow Police.[1]

Sillitoe tartan may be composed of several different colours and number of rows depending on local custom, but when incorporated into uniforms, or vehicle livery, serves to uniquely identify emergency services personnel to the public.

Sillitoe is also prominently seen in ska subculture.[citation needed]

Usage by country[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Metropolitan Police officers with blue-and-white Sillitoe tartan on the bottoms of their jackets
Mounted officer of the Metropolitan Police at Buckingham Palace with the Sillitoe tartan rimming the helmet, London

The Sillitoe tartan was an exclusively Scottish phenomenon until introduced in South Australia in 1961.[2] From 1972, within the United Kingdom, the original black and white Scottish version began to rapidly spread throughout England and Wales and it is now used by all police forces in Great Britain.

Most forces use black and white chequered hat bands; the City of London Police uses distinctive red and white chequers. The City of London Corporation also run the Hampstead Heath Constabulary and the Billingsgate Market Constabulary (who are no longer attested as constables but retain the historic title), which also use red and white chequers.[3][4] The Hammersmith and Fulham Parks Constabulary, who are run by the local authority, also originally used red and white chequers in line with the corporate colours of the council but they reverted to the standard type.[5]

Attested cathedral constables, employed at a number of Anglican cathedrals, have adopted a royal blue and white chequered cap band in order to distinguish them from their Home Office police colleagues.

The now defunct Royal Parks Constabulary originally wore green and white chequers, but later changed to the standard police blue and white chequers. The Royal Parks Constabulary Scotland were a separate force to their aforementioned English counterparts and they also used green and white chequers.[6]

While the Sillitoe tartan is not used in the dress uniform of the Police Service of Northern Ireland, it does appear on the force's baseball caps, motorcycle helmets and high-visibility jackets.

Blue and white chequers are also associated with the police, and may be used on vehicles and signage. Subsequent to the launching of Battenburg markings on police vehicles in the 1990s, the police introduced retro-reflective versions of the Sillitoe tartan markings to their uniforms, usually in blue and white, rather than the blue and yellow used on vehicles.

Many police forces have a sky blue and white Sillitoe tartan hatband as part of their PCSOs uniform. This is as a result of moves by the trade union Unison to develop a national law enforcement uniform within the UK.[citation needed]

As a result of this the blue and white Sillitoe tartan has been taken up by a number of municipal organisations, including the London Borough of Newham Law Enforcement and Nottingham City Council Community Protection, who are accredited under the Community Safety Accreditation Scheme.

It is also being taken on by a number of private security organisations (most notably Canary Wharf Security) to project the attributes of public law enforcement.[citation needed]

Australia and New Zealand[edit]

A Victoria Police car, Australia

Blue and white chequers have become the ubiquitous symbol of policing in Australia. The pattern was introduced into Australia by the Commissioner of the South Australia Police in 1961, following a fact-finding tour of Glasgow in 1960.[7] The police forces of the remaining states and territories progressively adopted the pattern during the 1970s[7] until it was displayed on all Australian police uniforms except that of the Australian Federal Police, who use a black and white Sillitoe tartan on their cap bands.

The Australasian Centre for Policing Research (ACPR) approved a national specification for police vehicle markings in 1995 which saw all vehicles marked with a chequer band stripe running the full length of the vehicle. This was adopted by all states with the exception of New South Wales which eventually adopted the national standard in 2002.[8]

Other coloured chequered patterns may be used to denote other emergency services and particular usage varies from state to state. For example, in New South Wales the Ambulance Service uses red and white chequers on ambulances and paramedic's uniforms, while the State Emergency Service uses orange and white Sillitoe tartan. St. John Ambulance uses a white and green pattern on their vehicles and operational uniforms in both South Australia and Victoria. In New South Wales the Roads & Maritime Services Traffic Emergency Patrol have adopted a yellow and purple Sillitoe tartan[9] whereas the Victorian counterpart, VicRoads have adopted a green and white variant.[10]

Patterns Example
Sillitoe-blue.svg State/Territory/Federal/Military: Police Blue and white 2012 Ford Territory (SZ) TX RWD wagon, Victoria Police (2015-01-03).JPG
Sillitoe-red.svg NSW: Ambulance Service
Northern Territory: Fire and Rescue Service
Victoria: Country Fire Authority
Red and white NSW Ambulance Australia.png
Sillitoe-red-yellow.svg NSW: Fire and Rescue NSW, and Surf Life Saving Australia

South Australia: Country Fire Service

Victoria: Country Fire Authority

Yellow and red Fire Rescue NSW CAFS Pumper 32.jpg
Sillitoe-orange.svg State Emergency Service Orange and white NSW State Emergency Service - General Purpose Vehicle.jpg
Sillitoe-green.svg National: St Andrew's First Aid Australia

NSW: Patient Transport Service, Volunteer Rescue Association
South Australia and Victoria: St. John Ambulance,
Victoria: VicRoads Transport Safety Services

Green and white Wagga Wagga Rescue Squad HINO Ranger VRA Primary Rescue Unit 369 (1).jpg
Sillitoe-yellow-green.svg Western Australia: St John Ambulance Western Australia Yellow and green 2017 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter (W 906) 313 CDI MWB van, St John Ambulance (2017-12-09).jpg
Corrective NSW.svg NSW: Corrective Services, Marine Rescue NSW
South Australia: Police - Protective Security Services,
Victoria: Police - Protective Services Officers
Yellow and blue Marine Rescue NSW.jpg
RTA TEP NSW.svg NSW: Roads and Maritime Services Traffic Emergency Patrol

Northern Territory: Transit Safety Services

Yellow and purple RMS Traffic Emergency Patrol van on Loftus Street in Circular Quay.jpg
Police officer in New Zealand with chequered band on hat and stab vest

General law enforcement in New Zealand is the responsibility of the country's national police service. The New Zealand Police wear a blue uniform, similar in colour to those found in Australia, and share the same three-row Sillitoe tartan of blue and white. The pattern is also borne across stab vests and elsewhere. Unlike their Australian counterparts, New Zealand police vehicles do not display Sillitoe tartan markings, but instead are usually marked with Battenberg markings.

United States[edit]

Only a few police forces in the United States have adopted the chequered pattern: the Chicago Police Department, Cook County Sheriff's Police, Brookfield (Illinois) Police, Forest Park (Illinois) Police, Evergreen Park (Illinois) Police, Hillside (Illinois) Police, and the Pittsburgh Police. U.S. police departments prefer to use a two-row pattern, instead of the three-row pattern common in Europe and Australasia. Many other departments in the United States and Canada, while lacking the tartan on their cap bands, have begun using two-row reflective versions as part of the design on high-visibility outer garments and vests.

Chicago Police officers with Sillitoe tartan hat bands and horse bridle
  • Chicago Police Department's pattern is dark blue and white for patrol officers and detectives, and dark blue and gold for sergeants and higher ranks. Sillitoe tartan caps were introduced in 1967.[11][12] The band is around not only the department's service caps, but winter knit caps, summer baseball-style caps, the campaign hats and horse bridles of the mounted unit, bicycle helmets, and dog collars as well; it is not worn on the fur trim winter hat nor the light blue riot and motorcycle helmets. The Chicago Police also use the pattern on some signage, graphics, and architectural detail on newer police stations.
  • The police of Brookfield, Forest Park, Hillside, and Evergreen Park follow the same colour protocols as nearby Chicago, although Evergreen Park and Hillside use black rather than dark blue, in keeping with their uniforms.
  • The Pittsburgh Police use a dark navy blue and gold pattern, in keeping with their uniform colours. The arms of the city of Pittsburgh derive from those of the city's namesake, William Pitt, the Earl of Chatham; both coats of arms display a "fess chequy argent and azure", or a blue and white chequered band across the middle of the shield. The use of the chequered pattern by the Pittsburgh police is thus not only in keeping with the practice of various police departments, but is also a direct reference to the city's coat of arms and flag.
  • Whilst not part of their standard uniform, officers from the Joliet Police Department (Illinois) have been noted to wear a green and white chequerboard band around their hats during the Chicago's Saint Patrick's Day Parade.[13]
  • In Florida, Deerfield Beach Fire Station 102 use a yellow and red three-tiered Sillitoe tartan pattern on the sides of their rescue ambulance. This pattern is identical to that used by Fire and Rescue NSW.

Spain[edit]

A Spanish police car displaying the Sillitoe tartan.

Blue and white Sillitoe tartan is used by the several local Spanish police forces. Both the Toledo and Mijas local policia use a three-tiered version on vehicles in a fashion very similar to Australian police vehicles.[14][15][16] The Ajuntament de Sóller and Barcelona (Guàrdia Urbana) local Policía both use two-tiered blue and white versions.[17][18]

Canada[edit]

Vancouver Police with Sillitoe tartan on their jackets.

Use of the Sillitoe tartan is rare in Canada and is usually limited to auxiliary police services. For example, the Toronto Police Auxiliary wear a red and black chequered band on their caps.

A two-row Chicago-style Sillitoe tartan is borne on the high-visibility vests of the Vancouver Police, Metro Vancouver Transit Police, and other municipal police forces in the Lower Mainland and on Vancouver Island (along the edges of the horizontal and vertical reflective strips),[19] but not on their high-visibility jackets nor other uniforms.

Brazil[edit]

Two police forces, the State of São Paulo Military Police and Federal District Military Police, and also one auxiliary force, the City of São Paulo Metropolitan Civil Guard, wear a black and white Sillitoe tartan pattern on their uniforms, mainly on baseball caps and side hats, parts of their fatigue uniforms.

Brunei[edit]

The Royal Brunei Police Force use blue and white Sillitoe tartan on various police vehicles but not on uniforms.[20][21]

Iceland[edit]

The Icelandic Police wear a black-and-white Sillitoe tartan Pattern on shirt and trouser cuffs, lower hems of jackets and on the base of side hats and baseball caps. A blue and yellow pattern is applied as a reflective marking to the lower part of patrol cars as well.

Hong Kong[edit]

The Hong Kong Police Force use, to a limited extent, both two and three-tiered blue and white Sillitoe tartan schemes (Battenburg markings) on traffic vehicles. This pattern appears to be similar to the Australian style of police markings.[22][23]

Malaysia[edit]

The Royal Malaysia Police use a gold and blue Sillitoe tartan on vehicles but not on any uniforms or insignia.[24][25]

Netherlands[edit]

The plan for a national uniform for local municipal enforcement officers contains the Sillitoe tartan patterns on the cap and shirts, sweaters and jackets on a uniform similar to that of the Spanish local police.

Norway[edit]

Norwegian police uniforms with black and white Sillitoe tartan chequered markings

The different emergency units of Norway can be distinguished by the colour scheme of the Sillitoe tartan, where the checquer pattern alternates between a colour and reflective white squares.

  • Police: matte black and reflective white checquer – Used only on clothing uniform
  • Fire brigade: reflective red and reflective white checquer – Used on clothing and vehicle uniform
  • Ambulance/paramedics: reflective green and reflective white checquer – Used on clothing and vehicle uniform
  • Civil defence: blue and white chequer – Used only on clothing uniform

South Africa[edit]

The Durban Metro Police use the same blue and white Sillitoe tartan pattern as Australia on their vehicles, unlike the police vehicles of other cities in South Africa.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sillitoe Tartan". AFP National Police Memorial Steering Committee. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  2. ^ "South Australia Police Historical Society". Sapolicehistory.org. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  3. ^ "hampstead heath constabulary - Google Search". Google.co.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  4. ^ "hampstead heath constabulary - Google Search". Google.co.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Photograph" (JPG). Politie-petten.org. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Photograph" (JPG). Adintpolcol.tripod.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Know your profession". Australian Federal Police. March 2000. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  8. ^ https://www.australianpolice.com.au/nsw-police-vehicle-markings/
  9. ^ "All sizes - RTA - Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  10. ^ "Photograph" (JPG). Plateshed.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  11. ^ "Photograph" (JPG). Tribune-files.imagefortress.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  12. ^ "Photograph" (JPG). Tribune-files.imagefortress.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  13. ^ "ChicagoClout". Chicagoclout.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  14. ^ "Mitsubishi Montero. Policía local Mijas". Flickr. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  15. ^ "All sizes - Policia Local Mijas. - Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  16. ^ "Police Car Photos". Police-car-photos.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  17. ^ "Policia Local". Flickr. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  18. ^ "Police Car Photos". Police-car-photos.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  19. ^ http://www.eqquera.com/images/CBRNE_Protect%20First%20Responders_3.pdf
  20. ^ "Police Car Photos". Police-car-photos.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  21. ^ "Toyota Corolla police cars". Flickr. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  22. ^ "All sizes - Hong Kong Police Force Senior Constable (SPC) & Mercedes Sprinter - Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  23. ^ "Hong Kong Traffic Police Car". Flickr. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  24. ^ "Police Car Photos". Police-car-photos.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  25. ^ "Only half of police weapons lost recovered". Themalaysianinsider.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.

External links[edit]