Sin Sukju

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Shin Sukju
Shin Suk-ju.jpg
Korean name
Hangul
신숙주
Hanja
申叔舟
Revised RomanizationSin Suk-ju
McCune–ReischauerSin Suk-chu
Pen name
Hangul
희현당 or 보한재
Hanja
希賢堂 or 保閑齋
Revised RomanizationHuihyeondang or Bohanjae
McCune–ReischauerHŭihyŏndang or Pohanjae
Courtesy name
Hangul
범옹
Hanja
泛翁
Revised RomanizationBeomong
McCune–ReischauerPŏmong
Posthumous name
Hangul
문충
Hanja
文忠
Revised RomanizationMunchung
McCune–ReischauerMunch'ung

Sin Suk-ju (Korean: 신숙주, hanja: 申叔舟; August 2, 1417 – July 23, 1475) was a Korean politician during the Joseon Dynasty. He served as Prime Minister from 1461 to 1466 and again from 1471 to 1475.

Shin was an accomplished polyglot, and was particularly well educated in the Chinese language.[1] He served as a personal linguistic expert to King Sejong, and was intimately involved in the creation and application of the Korean alphabet known in modern times as Hangul.[1] Sin used the newly created hangul system to create an accurate transcription of spoken Mandarin Chinese in 15th century Ming dynasty China.[1][2] These transcriptions haven proven accurate and reliable, and his transcriptions are now "an invaluable source of information on the pronunciations of Ming-era [Mandarin]."[1]

Popular culture[edit]

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References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b c d Handel (2014): 294.
  2. ^ Coblin, W. South (2000), "A Brief History of Mandarin", Journal of the American Oriental Society, 120 (4): 537–552, JSTOR 606615
Works Cited
  • Handel, Zev (2014). "Why Did Sin Sukju Transcribe the Coda of the Yào 藥 Rime of 15th Century Guānhuà with the Letter ㅸ <f>?". Studies in Chinese and Sino-Tibetan Linguistics: Dialect, Phonology, Transcription and Text, eds. Richard VanNess Simmons, Newell Ann Van Auken. Language and Linguistics Monograph Series 53. Taipei: Academia Sinica, pp. 293–308.

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