Lowry Cole

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Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole
Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole by William Dyce.jpg
Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole 1834 by William Dyce
Born 1 May 1772
Dublin
Died 4 October 1842 (aged 70)
Highfield Park, Hampshire, England
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1787–1833
Rank General
Unit 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot
Commands held 4th Division
Northern District
Battles/wars Peninsular War
Awards Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath
Other work Governor of Mauritius 1823-1828
Governor of the Cape Colony 1828-1833

Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole, GCB (1 May 1772 – 4 October 1842), styled The Honourable from birth, was an Irish British Army general and politician.

Army Service[edit]

Cole was commissioned a cornet in 1787,[1] and served in the West Indies, Ireland, and Egypt. He served as brigadier general in Sicily and commanded the 1st Brigade at the Battle of Maida on the 4 July 1806. In 1808 he was promoted to major-general, to lieutenant-general in 1813 and full general in 1830.[1]

He was colonel of the 27th Foot, commanded the 4th Division in the Peninsular War under Wellington, and was wounded at the Battle of Albuera in which he played a decisive part. He was also wounded, much more seriously, at Salamanca.

For having served with distinction in the battles of Maida, Albuhera, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthez and Toulouse, he received the Army Gold Cross with four clasps.[1] In 1815 he became General Officer Commanding Northern District.[2]

Member of Parliament[edit]

He was Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons for the family seat of Enniskillen from 1797 to 1800, and represented Fermanagh in the British House of Commons in 1803.

He was appointed 2nd Governor of Mauritius from 12 June 1823 to 17 June 1828. He left in 1828 to take up the post of Governor of the Cape Colony which position he filled until 1833. Cole was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath on 2 January 1815.[1]

He is commemorated in Enniskillen by a statue surmounting a 30-metre (98 ft) column in Fort Hill Park, carried out by the Irish sculptor, Terence Farrell.[3]

Family[edit]

Cole was born the second son of an Irish peer, William Willoughby Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen (1 March 1736–22 May 1803), and Anne Lowry-Corry (d. September 1802), the daughter of Galbraith Lowry-Corry of Tyrone, and the sister of Armar Lowry-Corry, 1st Earl Belmore.[4]

Cole was married on 15 June 1815 to Frances Harris (d. 1 November 1847), daughter of James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury, for whom Malmesbury, Western Cape is named, and Harriet Mary, his wife. Frances Cole played a prominent part in social philanthropy in the Cape and worked towards having Coloured children taught useful trades. Colesberg, a town in the Cape, is named after him, as is Sir Lowry's Pass near Cape Town. They had two children; Florence Mary Georgiana Cole, and Colonel Arthur Lowry Cole (24 August 1817–30 March 1885)

His elder brother John Willoughby Cole (23 March 1768–31 March 1840) married Charlotte Paget (d. 26 January 1817), the daughter of Henry Bayly Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge.

His sisters were:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Lowry Cole". Queen's Royal Surreys. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Cole, John William (1856). "Memoirs of British Generals distinguished during the Peninsular War". London, R. Bentley. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "Fort Hill Park and Cole's Monument". Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  4. ^ a b The Peerage

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Arthur Cole-Hamilton
Richard Magenis
Member of Parliament for Enniskillen
1797–1800
With: Arthur Cole-Hamilton
Succeeded by
Arthur Cole-Hamilton
Henry Osborne
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Viscount Cole
Mervyn Archdall
Member of Parliament for Fermanagh
1803–1823
With: Mervyn Archdall
Succeeded by
Mervyn Archdall
Viscount Corry
Military offices
Preceded by
William Wynyard
GOC Northern District
1815–1816
Succeeded by
Sir John Byng
Preceded by
Sir John Floyd, Bt
Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury
1818–1842
Office abolished
Preceded by
Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar
Governor of Mauritius
1823–1828
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Colville
Preceded by
Richard Bourke, acting
Governor of the Cape Colony
1828–1833
Succeeded by
Benjamin d'Urban
Preceded by
Sir Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings
Colonel of the 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot
1826–1842
Succeeded by
Sir John Maclean
Preceded by
John Howard, 15th Earl of Suffolk
Colonel of the 70th (Glasgow Lowland) Regiment of Foot
1814–1816
Succeeded by
Forbes Champagné