Slutsk

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This article is about the city in Belarus. For the town near Saint Petersburg known as Slutsk 1918-1944, see Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg.
Slutsk
Слуцк
City
City Hall of Slutsk
City Hall of Slutsk
Flag of Slutsk Слуцк
Flag
Official seal of Slutsk Слуцк
Seal
Slutsk Слуцк is located in Belarus
Slutsk Слуцк
Slutsk
Слуцк
Location of Slutsk
Coordinates: 53°02′N 27°34′E / 53.033°N 27.567°E / 53.033; 27.567
Country
Voblast
Raion
 Belarus
Minsk Voblast
 Slutsk Raion
Founded1116
Area
 • Total24.6 km2 (9.5 sq mi)
Elevation
250 m (820 ft)
Population
(2009)
 • Total61,444
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (FET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (FET)
Postal code
223610
Area code(s)+375 1795
License plate5
WebsiteOfficial website
Cinema-Theatre "Belarus"

Slutsk (officially transliterated as Sluck, Belarusian: Слуцк; Russian: Слуцк; Polish: Słuck, Lithuanian: Sluckas, Yiddish/Hebrew: סלוצק Slotsk) is a city in Belarus, located on the Sluch River 105 km (65 mi) south of Minsk. As of 2010 its population is of 61,400.[2] Slutsk is the administrative center of Slutsk Raion.

Geography[edit]

The city is situated in the south-west of its Region, 26 km (16 mi) north of Soligorsk.

History[edit]

Slutsk was first mentioned in writing in 1116. It was part of the Principality of Turov and Pinsk, but in 1160 it became the capital of a separate principality. From 1320–1330 it was part of the domain of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Later it was owned by the Olelkovich and Radziwiłł families, which transformed it into a center of the Polish Reformed Church with a gymnasium and a strong fortress.

Following the 17th century the city became famous for its manufactories of kontusz belts, some of the most expensive and luxurious pieces of garment of the szlachta. Because of the popularity of the cloths made here, belts worn over the żupan were often called of Slutsk despite their real place of origin.

Slutsk was part of Russian Empire after Second Partition of Poland in 1793. It was occupied by Germany in 1918 and by Poland between 1919 and 1920 during Polish Soviet War. In 1920 it was the centre of a major anti-bolshevik uprising known as the Slutsk defence action.

Until World War II and the Slutsk Affair the city was predominantly Jewish, now the population includes no more than 100 Jews. Slutsk was occupied by the German Army on 26 June 1941 and placed under the administration of Reichskommissariat Ostland. The period of German occupation ended on 30 June 1944, when troops of the 1st Belorussian Front recaptured the town during the Minsk Offensive of the Red Army.

Jewish community[edit]

The first indication of Jews in Slutsk is from 1583 when the city was part of Lithuania.[3] Formal recognition came in 1601. By 1623, Jews owned 16 homes. In 1691, Slutsk became one of the five leading communities of area of Lithuania.[3] By 1750 there were 1,593 Jews. Although this number represented a third of the cities population, 75% of the town's merchants were Jews, and a similar proportion accounted for Jewish ownership and merchandizing of alcohol.[3] After annexation by Russia in 1793, growth of the city slowed, in part due to it being bypassed by the railroad. By 1897 the Jewish community numbered 10,264 inhabitants, or 77% of the city population.[3] They played a central role in the cities markets, particularly in agricultural produce.

Slutsk was not insignificant in terms of Torah study. Among the rabbinic figures who served there were Yehudah Leib Pohovitser, Chayim ha-Kohen Rapoport, Yosef Dov Ber Soloveichik (1865–1874), and Isser Zalman Meltzer.[3] According to legend the Baal Shem Tov visited Slutsk in 1733 at the invitation of Shmuel Ickowicz.[3] Despite this, the town was known for its anti-hasidic misnagdim. The Haskalah and modern Jewish political parties also were represented among the population.[3]

People[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — brother cities[edit]

Slutsk is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2013-01-11.
  2. ^ (in Russian) 2010 Belarus population statistics Archived 2010-09-18 at the Wayback Machine. (RAR file format)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Adam Teller, "Slutsk," YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe, (19 October 2010), accessed 25 January 2015.

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°02′N 27°34′E / 53.033°N 27.567°E / 53.033; 27.567