Sophora tomentosa

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Sophora tomentosa
Starr 031108-2065 Sophora tomentosa.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Sophora
Species: S. tomentosa
Binomial name
Sophora tomentosa
L.[1]
Synonyms
  • Sophora fometosa L. [Spelling variant]
  • Sophora tomentosa f. aurea Yakovlev
  • Sophora tomentosa f. longifolia Yakovlev
  • Sophora tometosa L. [Spelling variant]
  • Sorindeia goudotii Briq. [2]

Sophora tomentosa, also known as necklacepod, yellow necklacepod,[3] and occasionally as silver bush, is a pantropical[1] shrub or small tree in the family Fabaceae. It commonly ranges in height from 4 to 10 feet and often occurs in coastal conditions and near wetlands.[4] The common name Necklacepod is derived from the characteristic string of seed pods that develop after its yellow flowers germinate into seeds.

Necklacepod is a nectar plant for bees, butterflies, and in parts of the Americas hummingbirds as well. It is suggested for use by native plant enthusiasts in Florida as a good landscape plant for xeriscaping[5] but it only naturally occurs in coastal counties in the central and southern part of the state,[4] while closely related varieties occur in Texas, and the Caribbean.[6] The variety of Necklacepod growing in Australia is considered an endangered species in some areas due to the clearing of coastal habitat and displacement by invasive species.[7]

In Sri Lanka, the plant is known as Moodu Murunga.The inedible pod has some similarities to the Murunga (Drumstick) pod. It has been used to make fish poisons, insect and spider repelleents etc., esp in Africa.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sophora tomentosa L.". USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. 1994-08-23. Retrieved 2011-06-09. 
  2. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/ild-7172
  3. ^ "Sophora tomentosa". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Wunderlin, Richard; Bruce Hansen. "Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants". Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  5. ^ Gann, G.D. "Natives For Your Neighborhood". The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "plants.usda.gov". US Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "Sophora tomentosa (a shrub) - endangered species listing". New South Wales Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Sophora tomentosa at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Sophora tomentosa at Wikispecies