Sorano

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Sorano
Comune di Sorano
Sorano z01.jpg
Coat of arms of Sorano
Coat of arms
Location of Sorano
Sorano is located in Italy
Sorano
Sorano
Location of Sorano in Italy
Sorano is located in Tuscany
Sorano
Sorano
Sorano (Tuscany)
Coordinates: 42°40′55″N 11°42′54″E / 42.68194°N 11.71500°E / 42.68194; 11.71500Coordinates: 42°40′55″N 11°42′54″E / 42.68194°N 11.71500°E / 42.68194; 11.71500
CountryItaly
RegionTuscany
ProvinceGrosseto (GR)
FrazioniCastell'Ottieri, Cerreto, Elmo, Montebuono, Montevitozzo, Montorio, San Giovanni delle Contee, San Quirico, San Valentino, Sovana
Government
 • MayorPierandrea Vanni
Area
 • Total174.56 km2 (67.40 sq mi)
Elevation
379 m (1,243 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2014)[2]
 • Total3,464
 • Density20/km2 (51/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Soranesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
58043
Patron saintSt. Nicholas
Saint dayDecember 6
WebsiteOfficial website

Sorano is a town and comune in the province of Grosseto, southern Tuscany (Italy).

It as an ancient medieval hill town hanging from a tuff stone over the Lente River.

History[edit]

A view of Sorano

Sorano was probably inhabited by Villanovan culture, but the first historical mentions are relative to the 3rd century BC, when it was an Etruscan city under the influence of the more populous nearby Sovana.

Disappearing from history under the Roman domination, it is again known in 862 when a county was founded by Emperor Louis II, under the Aldobrandeschi suzerainty. The Aldobrandeschi were the most powerful feudataries of southern Tuscany for more than four centuries, disappearing in 1312 when Margherita, son of Ildibrandino, died without male heirs. His daughter Adelaide married to Romano di Gentile Orsini, who added the city to the family fiefs.

The county of Pitigliano-Sorano fought against the Republic of Siena, but was forced to accept its suzerainty from 1417. It regained a full independence in 1556, when the latter was annexed to the Duchy of Tuscany. The fortress, due to its strategic position, was frequently attacked; it was also the seat of fratricidal fights between the Orsini. In 1604, with the death of Alessandro di Bertoldo, it became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.

It became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1860.

Main sights[edit]

  • Rocca degli Orsini (Orsini castle), built in the 14th century but totally renovated by Niccolò IV Orsini in 1552. It is considered one of the most important examples of Renaissance military architecture. It has two massive angular bastions, connected by a line of walls with the main gate, which is surmounted by a noteworthy coat of arms and by a square tower. In the interior of the walls are remains of the ancient nucleus, with a round tower and the draw-bridge, now disappeared. A cycle of 16th-century frescoes of Sienese school have been recently found out.
  • Masso Leopoldino, a natural tuff stone carved to form a fortified, panoramic terrace by order of Gran Duke Leopold.
  • Vitozza cave settlement and fortress

Another castle is in the frazione of Sovana.

Frazioni[edit]

The municipality is formed by the municipal seat of Sorano and the villages (frazioni) of Castell'Ottieri, Cerreto, Elmo, Montebuono, Montevitozzo, Montorio, San Giovanni delle Contee, San Quirico, San Valentino and Sovana.

Government[edit]

List of mayors[edit]

Mayor Term start Term end Party
Alberto Cerreti 1972 1980 PSI
Ermanno Benocci 1980 1983 PCI
Giorgio Rossi 1983 1985 PCI
Domenico Barbini 1985 1990 PSI
Ermanno Benocci 1990 2004 PCI/PDS/DS
Pierandrea Vanni 2004 2014 Civic
Carla Benocci 2014 2019 Civic
Pierandrea Vanni 2019 Incumbent Civic

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.

External links[edit]