South Windham, Maine

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South Windham, Maine
Census-designated place
South Windham Community Church and Center
South Windham Community Church and Center
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Coordinates: 43°44′10″N 70°25′19″W / 43.73611°N 70.42194°W / 43.73611; -70.42194Coordinates: 43°44′10″N 70°25′19″W / 43.73611°N 70.42194°W / 43.73611; -70.42194
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Town Windham
Area
 • Total 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 154 ft (47 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,374
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (420/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 207

South Windham is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Windham in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population of the CDP was 1,374 at the 2010 census.[1] Prior to 2010, South Windham was part of the Little Falls-South Windham census-designated place.

It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

South Windham is located at 43°44′10″N 70°25′19″W / 43.73611°N 70.42194°W / 43.73611; -70.42194, along the Presumpscot River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.3 km2), of which 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 5.31%, is water.[2]

The CDP of Little Falls is located directly across the Presumpscot River, in the town of Gorham. U.S. Route 202 and Maine State Route 4 run north-south in a concurrency through both communities.

History[edit]

The Presumpscot River was an early transportation corridor to interior Maine; and provided reliable water power at Little Falls. Major William Knight was operating a sawmill at the falls in 1756. As the local forests were cleared, the sawmill was replaced by William Johnson's grist mill and a wool carding mill operated by Leonard Bacon and Lathrop Crockett. Locks were constructed around the falls to complete the Cumberland and Oxford Canal in 1832.[3] The canal fell into disuse after the Portland and Ogdensburg Railway was completed through South Windham in 1875.[4] Maine Central Railroad leased the railway as their Mountain Division in 1888.[5] Availability of year-round transportation encouraged C.A. Brown and Company to build a large brick wood-paper board factory at South Windham in 1875. Androscoggin Pulp Company purchased the factory, and the industrial village of South Windham developed around the pulp mill.[6] On April 4, 1919, the legislature passed an act creating the Reformatory for Men at South Windham. It is now the Maine Correctional Center, a minimum to medium security facility for men and women.

Notable people[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): South Windham CDP, Maine". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): South Windham CDP, Maine". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  3. ^ Ward, Ernest E. My First Sixty Years in Harrison, Maine Cardinal Printing 1967 p.7
  4. ^ Bruce D. Heald, A History of the Boston & Maine Railroad: Exploring New Hampshire's Rugged Heart by Rail; The History Press; Charleston, South Carolina 2007
  5. ^ Peters, Bradley L. (1976). Maine Central Railroad Company. Maine Central Railroad. 
  6. ^ Barnes, Diane and Jack. The Sebago Lake Area (1996). Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7385-4943-9, p.13