Southern Naval Base (Ukraine)

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Southern Naval Base
Novoozerne, Yevpatoria city municipality, Ukraine.
DonuzlavLakeMap.png
Southern Naval Base is located in Crimea
Southern Naval Base
Southern Naval Base
Coordinates 45°23′51″N 33°7′42″E / 45.39750°N 33.12833°E / 45.39750; 33.12833Coordinates: 45°23′51″N 33°7′42″E / 45.39750°N 33.12833°E / 45.39750; 33.12833
Type Naval base
Site information
Owner  Ukraine
Controlled by  Russia
Site history
In use 1996-2014

Southern Naval Base (Ukrainian: Південна військово-морська база) was a naval base of the Armed Forces of Ukraine located in a town of Novoozerne (part of Yevpatoria city) at the Donuzlav Bay, western part of Crimea.

The base was reorganized in place of the Crimea Naval Base of the Soviet Union which completely was occupying the southern shores of Donuzlav Bay and included hovercraft berths, Donuzlav Air Station, and submarine base. Most of the former base is disassembled, while the former Donuzlav Air Station is non-operational.[not verified in body]

Donuzlav Bay is separated from the Black Sea by two sandspits which serve as a small freight port of the Yevpatoriya Commercial Trade Port located in the city.[not verified in body]

Base History[edit]

The naval base was established by Ukraine in 1996, and celebrated its 15th anniversary in 2011.[1][2]

2014 Ukraine Crisis related incidents[edit]

In connection with the events of social and political instability that led the Ukraine government to resignation on 28 January 2014,[3] Russian parliament authorized the deployment of Russian military troops on Ukrainian soil with the official mandate of protection for Russian native population living in Crimea.[4] These actions violated the treaties of 1997 and are qualified as an act of aggression according to Article 3(e) of United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3314 (XXIX) on the Definition of Aggression of 1974:[5]

The use of armed forces of one State which are within the territory of another State with the agreement of the receiving State, in contravention of the conditions provided for in the agreement or any extension of their presence in such territory beyond the termination of the agreement.

Naval blockade[edit]

During the night between 5th and 6 March 2014 Russian Black Sea fleet ships controlling the Donuzlav Lake, led by warship Moskva sunk the decommissioned Russian Kara-class cruiser Ochakov, to prevent the Ukrainian fleet stationed at the Southern Naval Base from sailing away in the open sea.[6]

The effectiveness of the blockship is not known.[needs update]

References[edit]

External links[edit]