Speirantha

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Speirantha
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Speirantha
Baker[1]
Species: S. gardenii
Binomial name
Speirantha gardenii
(Hook.) Baill.
Synonyms[1]
  • Speirantha convallarioides Baker (type species)
  • Albuca gardenii Hook.

Speirantha is a genus of one known species of flowering plants found in south-east China.[1] In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae).[2]

The sole species is Speirantha gardenii, endemic to China (provinces of Anhui, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang).[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

The species now called Speirantha gardenii was first described by William Jackson Hooker in 1855 as Albuca gardenii. Separately, in 1875, John Gilbert Baker described Speirantha convallarioides, based on a different type, placing it in his new genus Speirantha.[4] In 1894, Louis Antoine François Baillon synonymized Albuca gardenii and Speirantha convallarioides.[5] The older epithet gardenii has priority, so the correct name is Speirantha gardenii.[4] The type of the genus Speirantha remains the type of Speirantha convallarioides.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2011-05-26 , search for "Speirantha"
  2. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x 
  3. ^ "Speirantha gardenii", Flora of China, Vol. 24, p. 234, retrieved 2014-12-18 
  4. ^ a b "Speirantha gardenii (Hook.) Baill.", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2017-02-18 
  5. ^ Baillon, Henri (1894), "Speirantha", Histoire des plantes. Monographie des Liliacées, Paris: Librairie de Hachette et C.ie, p. 524, footnote 3, retrieved 2017-02-18