Light Strike Vehicle (Singapore)

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Light Strike Vehicle Mark II
Singapore Army Mark 2 Light Strike Vehicle on display at the National Museum of Singapore - 20140223.jpg
LSV Mark II on display at the National Museum of Singapore
Type Light Strike Vehicle
Place of origin Singapore
Service history
In service 2013 -
Used by Singapore Army
Production history
Manufacturer Singapore Technologies Kinetics Ltd (ST Kinetics)
Specifications
Weight Curb weight: 1,800 kg (3,968.3 lb)
Length Overall: 4,900 mm (16 ft 0.9 in)
Width Overall: 2,100 mm (6 ft 10.7 in)
Height 1,800 mm (5 ft 10.9 in)
Crew 4 + 2 crew

Main
armament

• 1× CIS 40 Automatic grenade launcher,or

Spike Anti-tank missiles
Secondary
armament
• 1–2× FN MAG
Engine PSA DW10B turbocharged and intercooled 4-cylinder common rail diesel
136 hp (101 kW)
Payload capacity 1,000 kg (2,204.6 lb)
Transmission four speed automatic
Speed 110 km/h (68 mph)

The Light Strike Vehicle (LSV) is a light fast attack vehicle used by the Singapore Army. In 2013, the Singapore designed and made Light Strike Vehicle Mark II (LSV MK.II) entered service to replace the ageing Singapore & Australian made Light Strike Vehicle in service since 1998.

Light Strike Vehicle Mark II[edit]

The primary role of the LSV MK. II is against armoured threats. It is designed to be helicopter portable and manoeuvrable over cross-country terrain. The vehicle is equipped with enhanced networking capabilities to support the integration with other combat systems during operations.[1]

Design[edit]

The LSV MK. II is produced by Singapore Technologies Kinetics Ltd (ST Kinetics) as the Spider New Generation Light Strike Vehicle (Spider New Gen).[2] In September 2011, ST Kinetics won a $68 million contract to supply its Spider New Gen and spares to the Singapore Army.[3] The first MK.11 was delivered in November 2013 concluding in 2014.

ST Kinetics had designed a previous prototype vehicle to replace the Singapore Army Light Strike Vehicle named the Spider. At the Asian Aerospace 2004 in Singapore, ST Kinetics unveiled the Spider a redesigned Light Strike Vehicle that did not enter production.[4][5][6]

The LSV MK. II bears several enhancements vis-a-vis the LSV that it replaces. It has a more powerful engine, an improved suspension system and a better designed space frame with a higher payload. The new vehicle also has a larger seating capacity and supports an array of communication systems that enhances its networking capabilities with other combat systems in the battlefield. These enhancements allow the LSV MK. II to be more agile and deployable than its predecessor. It is capable of climbing and traversing 60% inclines and climbing slopes up to 50%.[1]

The driver was relocated from right hand drive to the front centre seat of the vehicle. This unique center-hand drive enables flexible weapon configurations on both sides of the driver position for a wide arc of fire.[7] Due to its lightweight design, the vehicle can be carried underslung by medium-lift helicopters such as CH-47 Chinook or stacked during airlift for rapid deployment by the C-130 Hercules.

The LSV MK. II is equipped with the Mantis system. At the Eurosatory 2004 in Paris, Israeli company Rafael Armament Development Authority unveiled the Mantis system fitted to a Light Strike Vehicle (Flyer ITV-1).[8] The Mantis is based on advanced Israeli systems RAFAEL Spike LR ATGM, RAFAEL C4I Tactical System - a rugged laptop which is the center of the Mantis system, ESC BAZ retractable Multi-Sensor for surveillance and reconnaissance - includes a day camera, night (thermal) camera and a laser rangefinder and Azimuth Comet - provides target acquisition data such as coordinates to the targets.

Capabilities[edit]

The LSV MK. II is produced in three variants: the Automatic Grenade Launcher (AGL) variant that operates the 40mm AGL system; the Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) variant that operates the Spike missile system; and the Utility variant for general purpose usage.[1]

Operators[edit]

Light Strike Vehicle[edit]

The Light Strike Vehicle (LSV) was a US designed vehicle named the Flyer designated R-12D produced in Australia and later in Singapore.[10]

Light Strike Vehicle
Spider LSV avec missiles SPIKE.jpg
LSV at the Singapore Airshow 2008 on display
Type Light Strike Vehicle
Place of origin Singapore
Australia
Service history
In service 1998 - 2013
Used by See Operators
Production history
Manufacturer Singapore Technologies Kinetics Ltd (ST Kinetics)
Australian Defence Industries
Number built 84
Specifications
Weight Curb weight: 1,500 kg (3,306.9 lb)
Length Overall: 4,250 mm (13 ft 11.3 in)
Width Overall: 2,110 mm (6 ft 11.1 in)
Height Top of roll cage: 1,900 mm (6 ft 2.8 in)
Crew 3

Main
armament

• 1× CIS 40 Automatic grenade launcher,or

Spike Anti-tank missiles
Secondary
armament
• 1–2× FN MAG
Engine 2 litre turbocharged intercooled diesel
104 hp (78 kW)
Payload capacity 1,000 kg (2,204.6 lb)
Transmission semi-automatic transaxle, 3 forward and 1 reverse gears
Suspension independent all-round
Operational
range
350 km (220 mi)
Speed 110 km/h (68 mph)

Design[edit]

The Flyer R-12 high-speed mobility vehicle was originally designed by HSMV Corporation, subsequently purchased by the Flyer Group (now Flyer Defense, a Division of Marvin Group). The Flyer was based on the chassis of the R-1 Rescue All Terrain Transport (RATT). The vehicle is powered by a rear-mounted, 2-litre, 110HP water-cooled turbocharged diesel coupled to a three-speed semi-automatic transmission. The chassis is constructed of welded chrome-moly seamless tubing and a long travel progressive suspension.

In 1995, the Flyer R-12D Light Strike Vehicle was a proposal for the cancelled Australian Army project “Mulgara” by Australian Defence Industries (ADI)/ Raceco-HSMV (US).[11][12]

Later, Flyer Defense LLC designed an upgraded Flyer designated the R-12D Flyer 1 which was produced in the US for the Greek Army special forces in left hand drive.

A second generation Flyer designated the Flyer 21 was developed by Flyer Defense LLC (also referred to as the Flyer Internally Transportable Vehicle (ITV-1)). The ITV-1 did not enter full production.

In 2003, ST Kinetics provided the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with prototype Flyers for a potential contract of between 60 and 90 light strike vehicles.

At the Eurosatory 2004 in Paris, the Israeli company Rafael Armament Development Authority unveiled the Mantis high-mobility attack vehicle prototype based on the US produced Flyer ITV-1. The Mantis did not enter full production, however, several prototype Mantis Flyers were successfully deployed in counter smuggling operations along the Israel-Egypt border and tested by special forces.[13][14]

In 2004, the Malaysia government military company DEFTECH formed a partnership with Flyer Defense LLC to market the Flyer Advance Light Strike Vehicle (ALSV) GEN II (variant ITV-1) in the region, after ST Kinetics had commenced developing their own vehicle, the partnership continues today.

In 2008, the Indian government military company Ordnance Factories Board (OAB) produced a Flyer ITV-1 prototype with Flyer Defense LLC for the Indian Army Light Support Vehicle (LSV) contract. The vehicle did not enter production.

Production[edit]

In May 1996, Singapore placed an order with HSMV Corporation for 29 Flyer vehicles to be produced under licence in Australia by Australian Defence Industries (ADI) - an Australian government company – which were delivered in April 1998. The Flyer replaced Singapore Army jeeps armed with 106mm recoilless guns.

Indonesia placed a large order for Flyer vehicles, however, only 5 Australian produced vehicles were delivered.

In March 1998, Singapore placed a second order with HSMV Corporation for 50 Flyer vehicles to be produced under licence by ADI. In October 1998, Singapore Technologies Kinetics (ST Kinetics) - (formerly Singapore Technologies Automotive, which is now known as Singapore Technologies Engineering) - was granted a licence to produce the Flyer for HSMV Corporation and commenced production.[15] The production of Flyer vehicles by ADI ceased. The second order started delivery in May 2000.

Armament[edit]

A typical weapon installation could be a 7.62mm machine gun forward plus a pedestal mount for a missile launcher or a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher such as the 40AGL. Some vehicles in service with the Singapore Army carry a rear-mounted pedestal for two Spike anti-tank guided weapons (ATGW), with stowage for five missiles. Others have been seen with a combined 40 mm AGL and 7.62 mm machine gun mounting supplemented by a pintle-mounted 7.62 mm machine gun, while others have been seen mounting the MILAN ATGW.[16]

Operators[edit]

R-12D

R-12D Flyer 1

ITV-1

Unknown variant

  •  United States: US special forces reportedly used the Flyer, unknown numbers and unknown variant either R-12D Flyer 1 or Flyer 21 / ITV-1[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c "Fact Sheet - Light Strike Vehicle Mark II". Mindef Official Releases. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  2. ^ "SPIDER NEW GENERATION LIGHT STRIKE VEHICLE (LSV)". ST Engineering. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "ST Engineering's Land Systems Arm Secures $68m (US$58m) Contract to Supply New Generation Spider Light Strike Vehicles". ST Kinetics. Archived from the original on October 19, 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "Land Systems". ST Kinetics. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "Spider Light Strike Vehicle (Spider)". Singapore Technologies Kinetics. Archived from the original on May 10, 2004. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  6. ^ "Spider LSV Technical Specifications" (PDF). ST Kinetics. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "Ready to strike". DSTA. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  8. ^ "MANTIS Upgrade Package for Fast Attack Vehicles". Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  9. ^ "Stable Condition: Singapore's Armed Forces and Military Modernisation" (PDF). Asian Military Review (Volume 22 Issue 1 February/March 2014). Retrieved 11 November 2015. 
  10. ^ "The Light Strike Vehicle". Special Operations.com. Mindef. Archived from the original on April 7, 2000. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  11. ^ "Australian Defence Industries". 4WDonline. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  12. ^ "Project Mulgara". 4WDonline. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  13. ^ "Flyer / RAFEL Mantis Vehicle Prototype". Israel Special Forces database. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  14. ^ "High Mobility Fast Attack Vehicle" (PDF). RAFEAL. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  15. ^ "Light Strike Vehicle" (PDF). Singapore Technologies Kinetics. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 7, 2004. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  16. ^ "Singapore Technologies (ST) Kinetics Flyer and Spider light strike vehicles (Singapore". Jane's Military Vehicles and Logistics. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  17. ^ "Flyer 4 × 4: Special Forces Combat Jeep Era 90s". Indomiliter.com. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  18. ^ "Guards Equipment". MINDEF. Archived from the original on December 17, 2006. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  19. ^ "The Light Strike Vehicle". Special operations.com. MINDEF. Archived from the original on April 7, 2000. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  20. ^ "The Guards, An Elite Combatant With Smashing Stalwart Bush Basher - The Light Strike Vehicle LSV". Defense War News Updates. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  21. ^ "Army Land". Greek Army News. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  22. ^ "ITV-1 Flyer Defense (USA)". Retrieved 9 November 2015.