|• Total||39,3 km2 (152 sq mi)|
|Elevationelevation||78 m (256 ft)|
|• Density||20/km2 (50/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Sremska Rača (Serbian Cyrillic: Сремска Рача) is a village in Serbia. It is located in the Sremska Mitrovica municipality, in the Srem District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbering 773 people (2002 census).
Sremska Raca is a typical lowland area, with an average altitude of 81m and a maximum altitude of 2 m. Court settlement is therefore directly affected by the rivers Sava and Bosut. Space Sremska Raca has something moist temperate continental climate. This is the result of two major conflicts climates - temperate continental climate drier and wetter climate of Vojvodina in the mountainous areas of Bosnia. The characteristics of this climate with moderately warm summers and cold winters. The coldest month is January. The average annual humidity is 78%. The maximum moisture saturation of air in December (88%), a minimum in August (73%). In the other months of air saturation depends on the amount of rainfall. Since wind is the most frequent east - wind, then west and north-west wind. The lowest frequency of a south wind.
The historical development
- Sremska Raca is a village with a short development period. When the bridge was built by Sava, Sremska Raca remained within the embankment. In 1932. Raca
has survived a catastrophic flood, which is why it is the state(kingdom) 1934th she moved out of the embankment at a special flat terrain where it remained to this day. Sremska Raca, aged about 5 km away from the newer, has a rich historical past. At the site of White Church, about 1 km south away present village center, the famous Roman military settlement from the first century. Many objects such as metal pots, armor and swords are kept in the Museum of Srem in Sremska Mitrovica. Raca has gained importance due to its favorable location on the river Sava in which the Bosnian side of the Drina flows. There has always been a major crossing Raca and commercial crossroads. At the end of the river bend there was a town and fortress Raca, a village of Stara Raca lay two km from town on the east and west side of the peninsula on the banks of the Sava.
- In the Middle Ages Raca was recorded in a document 1275th year. This had the first possession of the Hungarian nobility to the family Ajnard, then
Shomukosh Kookooyevachkee(Šomakoš Kukujevački), and finally Eavan Morovich(Ivan Morović) Stevan Batori. In the first half of the 14th century, Elizabeth, wife of the Hungarian king, Charl I, was restored by the abbey of St.. Nicholas and handed it to the monastery of the Franciscans. In the second half of the 14th century after the death of King Layosh I (son of Charl I) stored data on the "Royal Raca town at the confluence of the Drina and Sava rivers." According to one document, citizens complained about the Queen of the officers, which they do not allow the elderly to live, free customs. For the queen to give citizens the freedom to choose between himself and the chief of the jurors, who will be tried together with its officials. When Bosnia fell to the Turks, the Hungarian King Matthyash Corvinus set off to conquer the Turks and the 1464th The two days are kept in Raca. The 1529th Raca probably conquered by the Turks. In addition to Raca Evliya Çelebi writes: "It was a beautiful city on the river Sava placed on high level ground, covered in greenery. The town lay on top of a promontory. He had a triangular shape, and is built of brick ... "Raca description given by the French traveler Kikle.
- The 1699th Raca was incorporated into Austria. After only two years in place of the structured Master with 100 infantry, 50 horsemen and 100 border
guards. Then the village inhabited by Serbs and 1733rd it had 14 houses and 62 inhabitants. The 1784th was re-built fortress Raca, because the old was already crumbling. That year, the Austrian Emperor Yoseph II personally visited the Raca and for that purpose built road from the village Raca to the fortress. In the early 19th century Raca had 58 houses and 445 inhabitants. At the end of that century the fortress was rebuilt and redone to the prison with 300 places. It was usually about 180 convicts and 20 guards. Because of unhealthy junk food facility and everyone was poor. Some time later the building was bought by a trader from Osyek(Croatia) and built a brewery. The fortress was later sold again and dragged brick. Year 1911. built the railroad Scheed(Šid)-Raca. Between the two world wars, the ratio is a municipality and it was there post office, telegraph and telephone, and gendarmerie stations and financial control.
- During the Second World War, 19 July 1943, at Sremska Raca was formed Sremski II Partisan unit, while the 17th has January 1944. Sixth form Vojvodina
Brigade. During World War II through the Maribor last thousand soldiers going to Bosnia. Later in the memory of the battle occurred song: "When they went to the Srems Fruska Gora." In Sremska Raca visited the chief of British military mission, and in his book "Partisan Picture" described the suffering of the population Sremska Raca.
- During World War II the village was completely burned and the villagers brutally killed by the SS knife (Handžar) Division which was composed of Bosnian Muslims.this act was committed in retaliation for Partisan attacks on German supply transport.
- After the Second World War than 220 houses burnt down, only three are not. 1953rd we raise the local community, post office and veterinary clinic. Since
1958. to 1960. Village received a low-voltage network. Since 1954. to 1960. village is paved for about 7 miles through the village. 1964th built a health clinic, and the 1975th built in the local water supply.
- 1961: 1,001
- 1971: 1,043
- 1981: 942
- 1991: 777
- 2002: 773
[Photos of Sremska Rača / http://www.panoramio.com/user/6654044?with_photo_id=65784643]
- Rača Bridge, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- List of places in Serbia
- List of cities, towns and villages in Vojvodina
- Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.