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Location of the municipality of Irig within Serbia
|• Mayor||Stevan Kazimirović|
|• Town||55.09 km2 (21.27 sq mi)|
|• Municipality||230.07 km2 (88.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||190 m (620 ft)|
|• Town density||80/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||47/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Irig (Serbian Cyrillic: Ириг, pronounced [ǐriɡ]) is a town and municipality located in the Srem District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The town has a population of 4,415, while Irig municipality has 10,866 inhabitants.
Irig was first mentioned in the historical documents in 1225. In the 15th century, the masters of the town were Serbian despots Vuk Grgurević, Đorđe Branković, and Jovan Branković. During the 15th and 16th century, ten Orthodox monasteries were built in the surrounding of Irig (Two of those were located just near the town).
Between 1526 and 1699, the town was under Ottoman administration. During this time, it belonged to the Sanjak of Syrmia, and was the administrative seat of one of the seven nahijas in that sanjak. In 1665, the town had 2,000 houses, one mosque and two monasteries. In this time, Irig was mostly inhabited by Muslim population.
Since 1699, Irig was part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the 18th century, Irig was one of the most important market centers in Srem and most of its inhabitants were Serbs.
In 1795-1796, the population of the town was decimated by plague. Popular local story claims that the patient zero was Anđelija Kuzmanović. She attended her sister's funeral in the village of Krnješevci near Stara Pazova, and brought back with her the plague infested rug to Irig, thus inadvertently spreading the disease. Kuzmanović died from plague on 14 June 1795. Historically, the plague was brought to Zemun by the Ottoman merchants and soldiers in the spring of 1795. Frightened citizens escaped to their relatives on Fruška Gora, spreading the disease.
Austrian authorities didn't try to heal the diseased, except for providing some painkiller medications, as their main goal was to isolate Irig and the surrounding villages as denizens of Irig also fled into the mountain. Punishment for the breaking out of the military imposed quarantine was death. After four months the residents returned only to find the scorched town: out of 912 houses, Austrian authorities burned or demolished 402. From the total population of 4,813, 2,548 died of this disease. It took over 120 years for Irig to reach the 1795 population. In appreciation for establishing the strict border between two towns and preventing the spreading of the plague into the nearby Ruma, citizens of Ruma built the memorial on the location of this "border crossing", made from 800 bricks taken from the demolished houses in Irig, which still stands. Built in 1797 and named "Kipovi" ("Statues"), the monument is protected as the cultural monument.
According to the 1900 census, the population of the Irig municipality numbered 22,313 inhabitants, of whom 16,893 were Orthodox Serbs, while the town of Irig itself had 5,196 inhabitants, of whom 3,936 were Orthodox Serbs. According to the 1910 census, the population of the Irig municipality numbered 25,320 inhabitants, of whom 18,331 spoke Serbian, 3,552 Hungarian, 1,816 Croatian, and 1,031 German.
Since 1918, Irig was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia) and subsequent South Slavic and Serb states. During World War II, 417 inhabitants of the town were executed by German fascists.
In the area surrounding Irig, there are 8 monasteries surviving today, built in the 15th and 16th century: Velika Remeta, Krušedol, Staro Hopovo, Mala Remeta, Novo Hopovo, Jazak, Grgeteg and Vrdnik.
Serbian reading-room (Srpska čitaonica) is the oldest Serbian library in Vojvodina. It was founded in 1842 by Dimitrije Krestić, archimandrite of the Krušedol monastery. Originally it was located in three rooms of the local school (two were reading-rooms, one was library). Today it is situated in the Culture House, with 45,000 books, numerous painting, documents and photographs. The library contained first edition of works of Dositej Obradović, oldest editions of the Letopis Matice srpske, etc.
From the earliest days, both local and foreign newspapers (from Belgrade, Serbia, Pest, Croatia, Germany, etc.) could be read in it. During World War II, German soldiers and officers used the library as their quarters. Before their withdrawal, they blew up the building which then burned to the ground. The inhabitants rebuilt it themselves. Over 500 old books were donated by the citizens. The first theatrical shows in Irig were played in 1905.
Irig municipality includes the town of Irig and the following villages:
According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Irig has 10,866 inhabitants.
The total population of the Irig municipality is 10,866, which includes:
- Serbs = 8,534 (78.54%)
- Hungarians = 762 (7.01%)
- Croats = 232 (2.14%)
- Roma = 166 (1.53%)
- Others and undeclared = 1,172 (10.79%)
Most of the local communities are ethnically Serb, while two have a Hungarian majority: Šatrinci (Hungarian: Satrinca) and Dobrodol (Hungarian: Dobradópuszta).
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||158|
|Mining and quarrying||70|
|Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply||-|
|Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities||52|
|Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||208|
|Transportation and storage||89|
|Accommodation and food services||242|
|Information and communication||83|
|Financial and insurance activities||13|
|Real estate activities||-|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||73|
|Administrative and support service activities||62|
|Public administration and defense; compulsory social security||129|
|Human health and social work activities||257|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation||18|
|Other service activities||35|
|Individual agricultural workers||151|
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- Srboljub Đ. Stamenković, ed. (2001). Географска енциклопедија насеља Србије, II том, Ж-Љ, стр. 99 [Geographical encyclopedia of the settlements of Serbia, Vol. II, Ž-LJ, page 99]. University of Belgrade's Faculty of Geography, Belgrade.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- Miomir Filipović Fića (29 March 2020). Смртна казна за кршење изолације [Death penalty for breaking the isolation]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 8.
- Aleksandra Isakov (30 April – 3 May 2020). Капела подигнута у знак захвалности за заустављање куге - "Кипови" код Ирига [Chapel built as gratitude for stopping the plague - "Kipovi" at Irig]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 29.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2007-01-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- [dead link]
- Miroslav Stefanović (21 January 2018). "Zanimljiva Srbija: Irig - Neguju pisanu reč 175 godina" [Interesting Serbia: Irig - Tending for the written word for 175 years]. Politika-Magazin, No. 1060 (in Serbian). pp. 20–21.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "Population by ethnicity – Irig". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
- Dr Željko Vučković - Stevan Pištević, Povesnica Kulturno-umetničkog društva "Zmaj" u Irigu 1905-2005, Irig, 2005.
- Ladislav Varga, Mozaik žitelja iriških, Novi Sad, 2001.