Srikantadatta Narasimharaja Wadiyar

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Srikantadatta Narasimharaja Wadiyar
Maharaja of Mysore
Srikanta Wadiyar of Mysore.jpg
Reign October 1975 – 10 December 2013
Predecessor Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar
Successor Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar
Born (1953-02-20)20 February 1953
Mysore Palace, India
Died 10 December 2013(2013-12-10) (aged 60)
Bangalore Palace, India
Spouse Pramoda Devi
House Wadiyar
Father Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar
Mother Tripura Sundari Ammani
Religion Hinduism
Signature

Srikantadatta Narasimharaja Wadiyar Bahadur (born 20 February 1953 in Mysore Palace, India – 10 December 2013 in Bangalore Palace, India), also referred to as Prince Srikanta Wadiyar, was the prince of Mysore Kingdom and head of the Wadiyar dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of Mysore between 1399 and 1950.

Wadiyar was formerly a Member of Parliament from the Mysore constituency. He was a fashion designer and he promoted the sale of Mysore silk saris under his brand (Royal Silk of Mysore).[citation needed] In the second half of the 20th century, the South Indian silk industry was revived, and Mysore State became the top silk producer in India.[citation needed]

Origins[edit]

Born in 1953 as the only son of the last ruling Maharaja of Mysore His Highness, His Excellency Dr. Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar and his second wife, Maharani Tripura Sundari Ammani Avaru, Srikantadatta Narasimharaja Wadiyar succeeded his father as the head of the dynasty after his father's death on 9 September 1974.[citation needed]

He continued the informal and titular rule of the royal family as king from 1974 until his death on 10 December 2013. Wadiyar's wife Pramoda Devi Wadiyar adopted Yaduveer Gopalraj Urs, who was renamed Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wodeyar, as her son on February 23, 2015.[1]

Education[edit]

Srikanta Dutta Narasimharaja Wodeyar at Manasa Gangotri studying for the Bachelor of Arts (1972) (also seen: teachers - Prof. S. Ananthanarayan, Dr. C. D. Govinda Rao, Prof Mylari Rao and Prof. Putmadappa)

He studied in the private royal school at the Mysore Palace and completed his secondary school education in 1967. He took horse riding lessons from the Government Riding School, Mysore.[citation needed]

He had a British nanny and an Anglo-Indian nanny who groomed him. Mr. Watsa was a mentor to him during his formative years. Wadiyar joined Maharaja College, Mysore in 1968 to pursue his pre-university course (one year) and studied for a BA degree from 1969-72 majoring in English literature and political science.[citation needed]

His minor subject was sociology. His second language was Kannada, tutored by Prof. K. Venkataramappa. He did his master's in political science at Manasa Gangotri, University of Mysore, from 1972-74. He studied a course in law as an open University student.

Throughout his college career, he was an avid cricketer and had a collection of cricket bats signed by international Test cricket players. He also studied Western classical music and Carnatic classical music. In his youth he had studied Vedas as well. He was awarded the Gold Medal as the first rank student in MA Political Science. His wife, Mrs. Pramoda Devi, is a post-graduate in Hindi.

Personal life[edit]

Srikanta Dutta Wadiyar's Wedding with Pramoda Devi (circa. 1976)

His love of cricket led him to captain his university's team and later prompted his involvement in leading the Karnataka State Cricket Association as its President.[2]

He was married to Maharani Pramoda Devi Avaru, from the Bettada Kote Ursu family of the erstwhile princely state of Mysore. They had no children.[3] Although he was never the official king of Mysore Kingdom but only its prince, people called him with esteem as Maharaja.

Wadiyar was the only brother of 5 sisters - (Princesses) Gayatri Devi Avaru, Meenakshi Devi Avaru, Kamakshi Devi Avaru, Indrakshi Devi Avaru and the youngest, Vishalakshi Devi Avaru.[4]

He celebrated the royal tradition of Mysore Dasara by performing all the rituals which were conducted by his ancestors—the rulers of the erstwhile princely state of Mysore. He conducted a "khasgi" (private) durbar during the festivities, where he ascended the golden throne at the Amba Vilas Hall of the Mysore Palace.[5][6]

Political career[edit]

Wadiyar was a longtime member of the Indian National Congress. He participated four times in elections for Member of Parliament representing the Mysore Parliamentary Constituency. Results were that he won twice as the INC member, and lost twice; once as a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) candidate and more recently as a Congress party candidate.

In 1984, Wadiyar first stood for Lok Sabha elections on an Indian National Congress ticket and defeated independent candidate K.P. Shantamurthy. He defected to the BJP in 1991, but lost the elections badly to Chandraprabha Urs of the Congress. He moved back to the Congress Party, and won Lok Sabha elections in 1996 and 1999, but lost the 2004 Lok Sabha elections.[7]

Death[edit]

On 10 December 2013, Wadiyar died from cardiac arrest aged 60 at Vikram Hospital, Bangalore.[8][9] He was cremated with state honours at Madhu Vana, the burial ground of the royal family. On the day of his demise, the whole city of Mysore shut its business voluntarily in respect to His Highness. The Government of Karnataka declared a two-day mourning ceremony, and a state government holiday. In addition, lighting of his Ambavilas Palace (Mysore Palace) was halted for thirteen days as a symbol of grief.[10] He was survived by his wife Pramoda Devi Avaru.[11][12]

Legacy[edit]

Wadiyar died without an heir, so during the royal Dussehra celebrations of 2014 his nephew Chaduranga Kantharaj Urs performed the rituals[13] while the "khasgi" (private) durbar was conducted by placing the "Pattada Katti" (royal sword) on the throne.[13][14][15][16]

The Karnataka State Cricket Association, of which Wadiyar was elected the President few days before his death,[17] named the Karnataka Premier League tournament after him.[18] The University of Mysore Platinum Jubilee Cricket Stadium (Gangotri Glades Cricket Ground) was named in Wadiyar's memory.[19] A sand sculpture of Wadiyar was etched.[19] A wax sculpture of Wadiyar was also created by wax-sculptor Shreeji Bhaskaran.[20]

In 2014, India Posts issued a Special Cover depicting the private durbar of Wadiyar.[21][22]

Pramoda Devi Wadiyar became his successor and legal heir. She adopted Yaduveer Gopalraj Urs in February 2015 as her son and renamed him Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar. She conducted anointment ceremony of her son thereby delegating him to conduct and continue the religious rituals as per customs of the Wadiayar family.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bengaluru/I-am-eager-to-find-an-heir-at-the-earliest-Pramoda-Devi-Wadiyar/articleshow/42696509.cms
  2. ^ Cricket Academy, Karnataka State. "KSCA". Profile. ksca.co.in. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Aiyappa, Manu (14 December 2013). "Rs 40k cr at stake in legal battle for Palace Grounds". The Times of India. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Devi, Meenakshi (17 June 2007). "My daddy, His Highness, the Maharaja of Mysore". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  5. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/grand-celebration-of-tradition/article4004246.ece
  6. ^ http://enarada.com/?p=11050
  7. ^ Sampath, Vikram (17 December 2013). "A people's prince" (Bangalore). Deccan Herald. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Wadiyar no more". Deccan Herald. 20 December 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2014.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  9. ^ "Newly elected KSCA president Srikantadatta Wodeyar passes away". Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Srikantadatta Wadiyar cremated". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 11 December 2013. 
  11. ^ The Scion of Mysore royal Family Srikanta Datta Narasimharaja Wadiyar passed away
  12. ^ "Srikantadatta Wadiyar dies of cardiac arrest". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  13. ^ a b http://www.deccanherald.com/content/432803/archives.php
  14. ^ timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bangalore/Durbar-goes-on-without-maharaja/articleshow/43451031.cms
  15. ^ http://www.thebangaloretimes.com/news/royal-durbar-and-its-dasara-celebrations
  16. ^ http://www.mangaloretoday.com/headlines/Royal-Sword-takes-king-rsquo-s-place-at-Khas-Durbar.html
  17. ^ http://www.espncricinfo.com/india/content/story/699023.html
  18. ^ http://www.deccanherald.com/content/420481/kpl-set-take-off-again.html
  19. ^ a b http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-379821431.html
  20. ^ http://www.deccanchronicle.com/140915/nation-current-affairs/article/srikantadatta-narasimharaja-wadiyar-wax-pramoda-devi-unveil
  21. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/special-cover-on-royal-durbar/article6444027.ece
  22. ^ http://www.indianstampghar.com/2014/10/special-cover-royal-darbar-of-srikanatadatta-narasimharaja-wadiyar-at-amba-vilas-mysore-palace-1953-2013-by-india-post/
Srikantadatta Narasimharaja Wadiyar
Born: 1953 - 2013
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar
— TITULAR —
Maharaja of Mysore
1974–2013
Reason for succession failure:
Kingdom abolished in 1950
Succeeded by
Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar