Maharaja of Mysore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Maharaja of Mysore
Coat of arms of Kingdom of Mysore.svg
Coat of arms (1893)
Details
StyleHis Highness
First monarchYaduraya Wodeyar
Last monarchJayachamaraja Wodeyar
Formation1399
Abolition26 January 1950
ResidenceMysore Palace

Maharaja of Mysore was the principal title of the ruler of the Mysore State during the British Raj in India and earlier of the Kingdom of Mysore. After India's independence in 1947, the ruler lost his kingdom, but he and his successors were allowed an annual payment (the privy purse), certain privileges, and the use of the title "Maharaja of Mysore."[a][1] However, all were ended in 1971 by the 26th Amendment to the Constitution of India.[2][3][4]

Although their own histories date the origins of the Wodeyars of Mysore (also "Odeyar", "Udaiyar", "Wodiyar", "Wadiyar", or "Wadiar", and, literally, "chief") to 1399,[5] records of them go back no earlier than the early 16th century.[6] These poligars are first mentioned in a Kannada language literary work from the early 16th century.[6][7] A petty chieftain,[8] Chamaraja (now Chamaraja III), who ruled from 1513 to 1553 over a few villages not far from the Kaveri river,[5] is said to have constructed a small fort and named it, Mahisuranagara ("Buffalo Town"), from which Mysore gets its name.[6][5][9]

Mysore was a feudatory of the Vijayanagara Empire until 1644 and an independent kingdom thereafter until 1760 when Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan became the Sultans of Mysore. Reinstated in 1798 during East India Company rule the Wodeyars agreed to a subsidiary alliance with the Company as suzerain. However, from 1831 and for the next 50 years, the British took direct control of Mysore. Thereafter, until 1947, the Wodeyars ruled a princely state in the British Raj with the British again as their suzerains.

Vassals of the Vijayanagara Empire (1399–1565)[edit]

Independent rulers (1565–1761)[edit]

Puppet rulers under Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan (1766–1796)[edit]

Regents of the Sultanate of Mysore (1761–1799)[edit]

Under British suzerainty until the abolishment of the monarchy (1799–1950)[edit]

Titular maharajas (1950–1971)[edit]

Family tree of the Royal Family[edit]

  • Simple silver crown.svg I. Yaduraya, Polegar of Hadanadu near Nanjanagudi, conquered Mysore and nearby areas (1371–1423; Raja of Mysore: 1399–1423)
    • Simple silver crown.svg II. Chamaraja I, Raja of Mysore (1408–1459; r. 1423–59)
      • Simple silver crown.svg III. Timmaraja I, Raja of Mysore (1433–1478; r. 1459–78)
        • Simple silver crown.svg IV. Chamaraja II, Raja of Mysore (1463–1513; r. 1478–1513)
          • Simple silver crown.svg V. Chamaraja III, Raja of Mysore (1492–1553; r. 1513–53)
            • Simple gold crown.svg VI. Timmaraja II, Raja of Mysore (died 1572; r. 1553–72)
            • Rajkumar Krishnaraja
              • Simple gold crown.svg VIII. Chamaraja V, Raja of Mysore (r. 1576–78)
            • Rajkumari Chikka Devira, m. Mallaraja Chikka Wadiyar, younger son of Mallarajaiya Wadiyar of the Kalale Wadiyar branch
              • Timmaraja of Kalale (died 1546). m. as his fourth wife, Rajkumari Chikka Depa (see below)
                • Sardar Karikala Mallaraja (c. 1541 – 1644)
                  • Timmaraja (died 1660)
                    • Kanta Muppina-Kantaiya Urs
                      • Sardar Doddaiya Urs
                        • Sardar Virarajaiya Urs
                          • Sardar Karachuri Nanjarajaiya Urs (c. 1704 – 1773)
                            • Maharani Devajamma (died 1760). m. 1746, as his first wife, Simple gold crown.svg XVIII. Immadi Krishnaraja II, Maharaja of Mysore (1728–1766; r. 1734–66), the son of Chame Urs of the Chikkanahalli branch. He married other wives, including (as his third wife) Maharani Lakshmi Ammani Devi (1742–1810), Regent of Mysore: 25 June 1799 – February 1810, eldest daughter of Sardar Kathi Gopalraj Urs, of the Bettada Kotte family branch, sometime Killedar of Trichnopoly.
                              • Simple gold crown.svg XIX. Nanjaraja, Maharaja of Mysore (1748–1770; r. 1766–70)
                              • Simple silver crown.svg XX. Chamaraja VIII, Maharaja of Mysore (1759–1776; r. 1770–76)
                              • Simple silver crown.svg XXI. Chamaraja IX, Maharaja of Mysore (1774–1796; r. 1776–96). Son of Sardar Devaraj Urs. of Arikuthara of the Karugahalli family. Interregnum: 1796–99
                                • Simple silver crown.svg XXII. Krishnaraja III, Maharaja of Mysore GCSI (1794–1868; r. 1799–1868)
                                  • Rajkumari Puta Ammanni [Madana Vilasa Puttammanni]. m. Sardar Chikka Krishnaraj Urs (died 1863), son of Sardar Gopalraj Urs, of Bettadakote, brother of H.H. Soubhagyavati Maharani Sri Lakshmi Ammanni Devi Avaru [Maha Mathushri], sometime Maharani Regent of Mysore
                                    • Simple silver crown.svg XXIII. Chamaraja X, Maharaja of Mysore GCSI (1863–1894; r. 1868–94) m. Maharani Vani Vilasa Sannidhana Kempananja CI (1866–1934; Regent of Mysore: 30 December 1894 – 8 August 1902).
                                      • Simple silver crown.svg XXIV. Krishnaraja IV, Maharaja of Mysore GCSI, GBE (1884–1940; r. 1894–1940)
                                      • Yuvaraja Kanthirava Narasimharaja, Yuvaraja of Mysore GCIE (1888–1940)
                                        • Simple silver crown.svg XXV. Jayachamaraja, Maharaja of Mysore GCB, GCSI (1919–1974; r. 1940–50; titular Maharaja and family head: 1950–71; head of the Wadiyar family: 1971–74)
                                          • Maharajkumari Gayatri Devi (1946–1974). m. Sardar Kantharaj Basavaraj Ramachandraraj Urs (1936–2011)
                                            • Rajkumari Leela Tripurasundari Devi (b. 1966) m. 26 May 1991, Sri Swarup Anand Gopalaraj Urs (b. 1960), of the Bettadakote branch of the Urs family, a direct, patrilineal descendant of Subrahmanyaraj Urs, Maharaja Chamaraja Wadiyar X's brother
                                              • XXVII. Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja, Maharaja of Mysore (born 24 March 1992; head of the Wadiyar family: 2015–present). Adopted by Pramoda Kumari on 23 February 2015 and anointed on 28 May 2015).
                                          • XXVI. Srikanthadatta Narasimharaja (1953–2013; head of the Wadiyar family: 1974–2013). m. Sri Satya Pramoda Devi (b. 1954), great-grand daughter of Gopala Raj Urs, of Bettadakote. He died without issue or naming a successor, leaving the headship of the family vacant from 2013 to 2015.
                    • Maddur Narasa Urs, of the Maddur line of the dynasty
                      • Maddur Chikka Kantha Urs
                        • Maddur Krishna Urs
                          • Maddur Kantha Urs
                            • Maddur Narasaraj Urs
                              • Kantharaj Urs
                                • Narasaraj Kantharaj Urs
                                  • Sir M. Kantharaj Urs KCIE, CSI (1870–1923; Prime Minister of Mysore: 1919–22)
                                  • Maharani Vani Vilasa Sannidhana Kempananja CI (1866–1934) Regent of Mysore: 30 December 1894 – 8 August 1902. m. at 26 May 1878, her distant cousin Chamaraja X, Maharaja of Mysore Through her descends the present line of the Wadiyar dynasty. She had issue, four sons and three daughters – see below.
            • Simple gold crown.svg VII. Chamaraja IV, Raja of Mysore (1507–1576; r. 1572–76)
              • Simple gold crown.svg IX. Raja, Raja of Mysore (1552–1617; r. 1578–1617)
                • Yuvaraja Narasaraja (1579–1610)
                  • Simple gold crown.svg X. Chamaraja VI, Raja of Mysore (1608–1637; r. 1617–37)
                • Simple gold crown.svg XI. Raja II, Raja of Mysore (1612–1638; r. 1637–38)
              • Rajkumar Devaraja (c. 1553 – c. 1656)
                • Dodda Devaraja (1622–1669)
                  • Simple gold crown.svg XIV. Chikka Devaraja, Maharaja of Mysore (1645–1704; r. 1673–1704)
                    • Simple gold crown.svg XV. Kanthirava Narasaraja II, Maharaja of Mysore (1672–1714; r. 1704–14)
                      • Simple gold crown.svg XVI. Dodda Krishnaraja, Maharaja of Mysore (1702–1732; r. 1714–32), m. 1716 as his first wife, Maharani Devaja, daughter of Chikka Urs of the Kalale branch. He died without any surviving issue, and thus the direct male line of descent from Raja Yaduraya became extinct. However, his widow adopted an heir from a cadet branch of the family:
                        • Simple gold crown.svg XVII. Chamaraja VII, Maharaja of Mysore (1704–1734; r. 1732–34). Son of Devaraj Urs of Ankanhalli.
                • Simple gold crown.svg XIII. Dodda Devaraja, Raja of Mysore (1627–1673; r. 1659–73)
              • Rajkumar Bettada Chamaraja (1554–1639)
                • Simple gold crown.svg XII. Kanthirava Narasaraja I, Raja of Mysore (1615–1659; r. 1638–59)
              • Rajkumari Chikkadepa, who married her cousin Timmaraja (died 1546) and had issue – see above

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Under terms accepted when princely states were absorbed into independent India

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Ramusack 2004, p. 273: "The crucial document was the Instrument of Accession by which rulers ceded to the legislatures of India or Pakistan control over defence, external affairs, and communications. In return for these concessions, the princes were to be guaranteed a privy purse in perpetuity and certain financial and symbolic privileges such as exemption from customs duties, the use of their titles, the right to fly their state flags on their cars, and to have police protection. ... By December 1947 Patel began to pressure the princes into signing Merger Agreements that integrated their states into adjacent British Indian provinces, soon to be called states or new units of erstwhile princely states, most notably Rajasthan, Patiala and East Punjab States Union, and Matsya Union (Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karaulli)."
  2. ^ "The Constitution (26 Amendment) Act, 1971", indiacode.nic.in, Government of India, 1971, retrieved 9 November 2011
  3. ^ Ramusack 2004, p. 278: "Through a constitutional amendment passed in 1971, Indira Gandhi stripped the princes of the titles, privy purses and regal privileges which her father's government had granted."
  4. ^ Schmidt, Karl J. (1995). An atlas and survey of South Asian history. M.E. Sharpe. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-56324-334-9. Although the Indian states were alternately requested or forced into union with either India or Pakistan, the real death of princely India came when the Twenty-sixth Amendment Act (1971) abolished the princes' titles, privileges, and privy purses.
  5. ^ a b c Simmons 2019, p. 6.
  6. ^ a b c Stein 1987, p. 82.
  7. ^ Manor 1975, p. 33.
  8. ^ Ramusack 2004, p. 28.
  9. ^ Michell 1995, pp. 17–.

Sources used[edit]

External links[edit]