St Mary's Church, Handsworth, Sheffield

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Church of St Mary the Virgin, Handsworth
Handsworth StMaryV south.jpg
The church from the south
Church of St Mary the Virgin, Handsworth is located in Sheffield
Church of St Mary the Virgin, Handsworth
Church of St Mary the Virgin, Handsworth
The Church of St Mary the Virgin in Sheffield
Coordinates: 53°22′16″N 1°23′04″W / 53.371131°N 1.38443°W / 53.371131; -1.38443
Location Handsworth, South Yorkshire, England
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Church of England
Previous denomination Roman Catholic
Churchmanship Anglo-Catholic
Website St Mary the Virgin S13 9BZ
History
Dedication St Mary the Virgin
Architecture
Status church
Functional status active
Heritage designation Grade II listed
Designated 28 June 1973
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Years built 12th to 19th centuries
Specifications
Number of spires 1
Materials stone
Bells 8
Tenor bell weight 12 long tons 0 cwt 2 qr (26,940 lb or 12.22 t)
Administration
Parish St Mary the Virgin, Handsworth
Diocese Sheffield
Province York

St Mary's Church in Handsworth, South Yorkshire, is a Church of England parish church about 3 12 miles (5.6 km) east of the centre of Sheffield, England. It should not be confused with St. Mary's Church, Handsworth in Birmingham.

History[edit]

St Mary's was originally a Norman church built in about 1170. It was founded by the Norman lord, William de Lovetot, or his father Richard, and the foundations were planned by William Paynel.

In the 1220s St Katherine's Chapel was added, probably for Maud de Lovetot, for prayer and Mass to be offered for the soul of her husband Gerard de Furnival, and perhaps their son, Thomas de Furnival who died on a crusade to Jerusalem and the Holy Land.

By 1472 the Fabric Rolls of York reported that the church was ruinous, but in the process of being rebuilt. It was successive Earls of Shrewsbury who had much of the damage repaired in the Tudor era.

Weathercock on top of the spire

Lightning struck the church spire in 1698. The new steeple subsequently built to replace it was much smaller and became known as "the Handsworth stump". In the 1820s the "stump" was demolished and a new tower erected. Lightning struck the tower again in January 1978, this time causing less damage. The spire, and the clock and bell tower were extensively repaired in 2002.

Simon Foliot, the first Rector, had two assistants and by 1535 there were five. The assistants lost their livings in the English Reformation.

The west tower has a ring of eight bells. John Taylor & Co of Loughborough, Leicestershire re-cast and re-hung all eight bells in 1920. There is also a service bell, which was cast in 1590 by Henry II Oldfield of Nottingham.[1]

The church is a Grade II listed building.[2]

Rectory[edit]

The Tudor rectory was where the Parish Centre is now. It was originally a timber framed building. In the late 17th or early 18th century, a larger and more modern rectory was built near the chancel of the church. Shortly afterwards a wing complementary to the east wing was built.

Little of the Tudor rectory survives, but parts were incorporated into the new building. A section of the straw and daub wall survives in the current museum, as does an oak tree post in the current reception hall.

All the pre-Georgian outhouses, except the coach house and stable block, were demolished. The coach house and stable block were modernised in the Victorian era.

Cross Keys Inn[edit]

Immediately north of St Mary's church is the Cross Keys Inn. This was built in the mid-13th century as a church house for the chaplains and lay clerks attached to St Mary's. After the Reformation the house was turned into a school. In about 1823 it became licensed as a public house. It has remained one ever since, now called the Cross Keys.

Registers[edit]

Handsworth war memorial, on the churchyard boundary facing Handsworth Road

Parish registers of baptisms, marriages and funerals at St Mary's survive from 1558 onwards.[3] The registers are continuous until 1836, when a new system of registration was introdiced.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]