Stanton St Quintin

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Stanton St Quintin
Traffic on the main road, Stanton St. Quintin - geograph.org.uk - 1405079.jpg
The main road, Stanton St Quintin
Stanton St Quintin is located in Wiltshire
Stanton St Quintin
Stanton St Quintin
Location within Wiltshire
Population851 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid referenceST907799
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townChippenham
Postcode districtSN14
Dialling code01666
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
WebsiteVillage site
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°31′05″N 2°08′10″W / 51.518°N 2.136°W / 51.518; -2.136Coordinates: 51°31′05″N 2°08′10″W / 51.518°N 2.136°W / 51.518; -2.136

Stanton St Quintin is a small village and civil parish in the county of Wiltshire in England. It is about 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Chippenham and 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Malmesbury. The parish includes the hamlets of Lower Stanton St Quintin, 0.6 miles (0.97 km) to the northeast on the A429 road, and Clanville.

History[edit]

In the early twentieth century a Roman villa site was found at Stanton Park in the west of the parish, about 3 miles (4.8 km) east of the Fosse Way.[2]

The St Quintin suffix is from the surname of a 13th-century lord of the manor.[3]

In 1971 the M4 motorway was built near to the southern boundary of the parish.

18th-century murder[edit]

In 1764 two sailors had been paid off from HMS Stag, receiving £28 each. One was William Jacques, the son of Henry Jacques, rector of Leigh Delamere. On their way to Bristol, William Jacques met up with his companion, the black sailor George Hartford. After drinking at the Green Dragon in Malmesbury and other inns, Jacques accused Hartford of stealing his purse after witnessing how free Hartford had become with money. Jacques had earlier lost his purse and they began fighting. They were persuaded to leave the town and continued quarrelling on the road south, after Jacques tried to push Hartford into a mill pond. After they separated in Hullavington, Hartford continued into Stanton Park where he fell asleep at Black Pond. After obtaining food at the village, Jacques caught up with Hartford and beat him around the head with a hedge stake until he was dead and then stole his money.

Some boys saw the murder, raised the alarm and Jacques was pursued by a group of villagers. A woodman found Hartford's body and an hour or two later, Jacques was traced through Kington St Michael and was captured at an alehouse in Chippenham, where he was found to have a pocketful of money and was wearing Hartford's handkerchief around his neck. Jacques confessed to the murder and at his trial in Salisbury confessed to three other murders and a robbery of a man of £10 on Hounslow Heath. Sentenced to death, he was hanged on Stanton Common, between Upper and Lower Stanton, a little to the east of Stock Wood at a public execution with people coming from Malmesbury and Chippenham to watch.[4][page needed]

Local government[edit]

The civil parish elects a parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

Amenities[edit]

There is a village hall and a primary school, which was opened in 1849 and overseen by Lord Radnor and a clergyman.[5][6]

The Anglican Church of St Giles is Grade II* listed.[7][8] It dates from the 12th century; in 1888 the chancel was rebuilt by C.E. Ponting and nave windows by Christopher Whall were installed.

Stanton St. Quintin Quarry and Motorway Cutting is a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest.

Military connections[edit]

The southern part of Hullavington Airfield (formerly RAF Hullavington) is in the parish, along with the associated barracks which were renamed Buckley Barracks in 2003.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Site of a Roman Villa in Stanton Wood Park (208219)". PastScape. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  3. ^ "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 14 pp212-221 - Parishes: Stanton St Quintin". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  4. ^ June Badeni, Wiltshire Forefathers (1982) ASIN: B001OOWCT8
  5. ^ Stanton St Quintin Primary School 150 years anniversary booklet
  6. ^ "Stanton St Quintin Primary School". Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Giles, Stanton St Quintin (1200437)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Church of St. Giles, Stanton St. Quintin". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 9 May 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Stanton St Quintin at Wikimedia Commons