Staryi Sambir

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Not to be confused with the neighbouring city of Sambir
Further information: Sambor Ghetto
Staryi Sambir
Старий Самбір
City
Main square
Main square
Flag of Staryi Sambir
Flag
Coat of arms of Staryi Sambir
Coat of arms
Staryi Sambir is located in Lviv Oblast
Staryi Sambir
Location in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine
Country  Ukraine
Province  Lviv Oblast
District Starosambirskyi Raion
First mentioned 1378
Population (2013)
 • Total 6,446
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Staryi Sambir (Ukrainian: Старий Самбір, Polish: Stary Sambor, Staremiasto, Stare Miasto) is a city in Lviv Oblast of western Ukraine, close to the border with Poland. It is the administrative center of Staryi Sambir Raion (district); population: 6,446 (2013 est.)[1].

The exact date of establishment of the town is not known. Sambir, known in Polish as Sambor, was for the first time mentioned in documents in 1378. At that time, it was a private town of the noble Herburt family, part of Przemysl Land, Ruthenian Voivodeship, Kingdom of Poland. In 1501, a Roman Catholic church was opened here, and in 1553, Sambir received a town charter. In 1668, a town hall was built here, and in the early 18th century, the local church was remodelled. Until 1772 (see Partitions of Poland), Sambir belonged to Przemysl Land, Ruthenian Voivodeship. From 1772 until late 1918, Sambir belonged to Austrian Galicia. In 1880, its population was 3,482, with 1,399 Greek-Catholics, 704 Roman Catholics, and 1,377 Jews.

Following the Polish-Ukrainian War, Sambir was ceded to Poland by the Soviet Russia in the Peace of Riga. According to the 1921 census, the town had a population of 4,314, with 1,534 Jews. In the Second Polish Republic, it was the seat of a county in Lwow Voivodeship (until 1932). After the 1939 invasion of Poland, the town was annexed into the Soviet Union. Its Jewish residents were murdered in the Holocaust.

In the immediate postwar period, the remaining ethnic Poles were expelled.[2] Most of them settled in the Recovered Territories. Ukrainians were resettled following Operation Vistula.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Jerzy Kochanowski (2001). "Gathering Poles into Poland. Forced Migration from Poland's Former Eastern Territories". In Philipp Ther, Ana Siljak. Redrawing Nations: Ethnic Cleansing in East-Central Europe, 1944–1948. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7425-1094-4.