Stephanie Strickland

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Stephanie Strickland
photo by Star Black
photo by Star Black
BornFebruary 22, 1942
Detroit, Michigan
OccupationAuthor, Poet
EducationHarvard University;
Sarah Lawrence College;
Pratt Institute
GenrePoetry, Digital Poetry, Essays

Stephanie Strickland (born February 22, 1942) is a poet living in New York City. She has published nine volumes of print poetry and co-authored eleven digital poems. Her files and papers[1] are being collected by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book And Manuscript Library at Duke University.


Strickland was born in Detroit, lived for five years in Glen Ellyn, Illinois, and attended Horace Greeley High School in Chappaqua, New York. She studied at Harvard University (A.B. 1963), Sarah Lawrence College (M.F.A. 1979), and Pratt Institute (M.S. 1984).[2]

From 1978-1990, she worked at the Sarah Lawrence College Library as Head of Access Services, Automated Services Librarian, and Women’s Studies Reference Specialist. She served on the Board of the Hudson Valley Writers’ Center from 1983-1995 and 1999-2005 and as editor at Slapering Hol Press from 1990-2005. She currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Electronic Literature Organization.

Strickland held the 2002 McEver Chair in Writing at the Georgia Institute of Technology[3] where she created, curated and produced the TechnoPoetry Festival 2002.[4] Other invited appointments have included Distinguished Visiting Writer at Boise State University; Hugo Visiting Writer at University of Montana Missoula, Visiting Poet in Residence at Columbia College Chicago; and Visiting Poet in Residence in the MFA-PhD program at the University of Utah. Strickland presented at the &NOW Festival in 2004,[5] 2006, 2008, 2009, and 2011, and frequently at the Society for Literature, Science, and the Arts (SLSA).[6] She co-edited volume 1 of the Electronic Literature Organization's Electronic Literature Collection and the Fall 2007 issue of the Iowa Review Web, Multi-Modal Coding.


Books of poetry[edit]

  • How the Universe Is Made, Poems New & Selected (1985-2019). Ahsahta Press. 2019. ISBN 978-1-934103-87-6.
  • V : WaveTercets / Losing L'una. SpringGun Press. 2014. ISBN 978-0-9832218-8-3.
  • Dragon Logic. Ahsahta Press. 2013. ISBN 978-1934103456.
  • Zone : Zero. Ahsahta Press. 2008. ISBN 978-1-934103-01-2.
  • V : WaveSon.nets / Losing L’una. Penguin Books. 2002. ISBN 978-0-14-200245-2.
  • True North. University of Notre Dame Press. 1997. ISBN 978-0-268-01899-3.
  • The Red Virgin: A Poem of Simone Weil. University of Wisconsin Press. 1993. ISBN 978-0-299-13994-0.
  • Give the Body Back. University of Missouri Press. 1991. ISBN 978-0-8262-0809-5.
  • Beyond This Silence. State Street Press. 1986.

Works of trans-medial, electronic, and digital literature[edit]

As a resource for educators, Patricia Tomaszek has recorded a screencast[11] of Errand Upon Which We Came that includes an interview with Strickland.


Essays by Strickland include:


A recent interview in print is The CounterText Interview: Stephanie Strickland, conducted by Mario Aquilina and Ivan Callus. It appears in CounterText, Volume 2 Issue 2, pp 113–129, ISSN 2056-4406, Edinburgh University Press, 2016.

Audio interviews that primarily discuss the poems in Dragon Logic have been recorded by Kylan Rice[13] for likewise audio, Tony Trigilio[14] for Radio Free Albion, and Eric LeMay[15] for New Books In Literature.

Journals and anthologies[edit]

Strickland's poems have appeared in more than 90 journals, including The Paris Review, Grand Street, New American Writing, Ploughshares, jubilat, Chicago Review, Boston Review, Denver Quarterly, Fence, LIT, Chain, Harvard Review, 1913 a journal of forms, The Iowa Review, Colorado Review, Black Clock, Vlak, Western Humanities Review, and Conditions.[16]

Strickland's print poems have appeared in anthologies such as Devouring the Green: Fear of a Human Planet (forthcoming 2014), Best American Poetry (2013), Electronic Literature Collection/2 (2011), The &NOW Awards: The Best Innovative Writing (2009), The Notre Dame Review: The First Ten Years (2009), Strange attractors: poems of love and mathematics (Sarah Glaz, editor, A K Peters, Ltd. 2008), and A Sing Economy, Flim Forum Anthology 2 (2008).

Online, Strickland's poems have been published by The Poetry Foundation, The Iowa Review Web, MiPOesias, Octopus, Drunken Boat, Poetry Daily, Sous Rature, Mad Hatters’ Review, Saint Elizabeth Street, Critiphoria, La Fovea, Hyperrhiz: New Media Cultures, Riding the Meridian, Cauldron & Net, Web Del Sol Editor’ s Picks, electronic book review, Word Circuits Gallery, Blue Moon, The New River, Furtherfield, Poets for Living Waters, Codex: A Journal of Critical and Creative Writing for your Mobile Device, and Big Other.[16]

After their first appearance, Strickland's electronic works have been republished. Sea and Spar Between was included in Rattapallax 21: Current State of Poetry Generators (2013), Bibliotheca Invisibilis: Conceptualizations of the Invisible (2014), and (in Polish) TechSty 2014, n.1 (9) (2014). slippingglimpse was included in hyperrhiz: new media cultures no. 4 (2008), Poets for Living Waters (2010), The Electronic Literature Collection Volume 2 (2011), and Rattapallax 21: Current State of Poetry Generators (2013). V : Vniverse was included in The Electronic Literature Collection Volume 2 (2011).

Strickland's work has been included in remixes. For example, "Versus Vega: Precessing" by Jason Nelson (Furtherfield, 2005) incorporates elements of Strickland's work, and the JavaScript code from Sea and Spar Between was used by Mark Sample to create House of Leaves of Grass.

Critical reception[edit]

Reviewing Dragon Logic for The Common, Terese Svoboda wrote, "No poet has plumbed or plummed with her thumb so deeply into the pies (π's) of physics, math, and myth and made them interlock on the atomic level. She's brilliant, slyly funny and profound."[17] Other notable readings of the poems within Dragon Logic include Julie Marie Wade's review, "The Periscopic Poetics of Stephanie Strickland’s Dragon Logic,"[18] for The Iowa Review, and Orchid Tierney's review, "Code as such,"[19] for Jacket2.

In a speech at the Library of Congress in 2013, Stuart Moulthrop called Sea and Spar Between, "possibly the greatest example of electronic literature yet attempted -- measured by volume, at least -- but arguably also on a scale of importance."[20] Michael Leong wrote, of Sea And Spar Between, "The output ... is a rich, combinatorial poem in its own right, but it also offers the productively defamiliarizing experience of reading Melville and Dickinson 'at a distance,' giving us a 'slant' perspective on two very familiar, canonical authors. ... We can say that Montfort and Strickland's poetics privileges neither the sea nor the spar but the between." [4]

Reviewing Zone : Zero, Djelloul Marbrook wrote, "For exploring the outer spaces of poetry Zone : Zero is practically a handbook. Placement is everything here. ... recalling as it does the profound commitment of so many medieval Arab, Berber and Jewish poets to mathematics and science. There is no earthly reason to segregate these disciplines other than for the convenience of popularizers who write about them." [21] Rachel Daley's review described how, "poetry as a practice is renewed as relevant, applicable, accessible, and understandable ... when it opens readers’ own mechanisms for reading language to a slightly unprecedented but shared capability. Stephanie Strickland's Zone : Zero enacts and constitutes this shift."[22]

In an essay citing slippingglimpse an example of socially distributed cognition, N. Katherine Hayles has described how slippingglimpse "is located within philosophical, technical, and aesthetic contexts that create a richer sense of information than the disembodied version that emerged from early cybernetics."[23]

In "Nature’s Agents: Chreods, Code, Plato, and Plants",[24] Lisa Swanstrom describes the effect of slippingglimpse: " make language look organic, to make these pieces of verse, in the tradition of the concrete poets and the image poets, crawl out of the sequential nature of written language in order to try on a different form. They remain words and phonemes beholden to English syntax, yes, but they also become part of a larger natural sign system, one comprised of water currents and chreodic patterns, algorithms and data flows."

In "Iteration, you see: Floating Text and Chaotic Reading/Viewing in slippingglimpse,"[25] Gwen Le Cor writes, " shedding the solidity of stable written text and presenting a liquid text in motion, slippingglimpse is also asking us to loosen our metaphors of writing, and discard the solidity that weaving metaphors imply. Text is no longer textile, it is texture, and in this particular case it is liquid texture."

In reviewing V: Wave.Son.Nets/Losing L'Una, Edward Falco described Strickland as, "urging readers to listen carefully, with body as well as mind, to see through the constructs the mind establishes to see into the world, to see what may be beyond mind, what the mind is not wired to see; and most of all to resist the static and hierarchical while accepting the fluid and enmeshed. In this sense, Strickland, like Dickinson before her, is a deeply spiritual poet, and one who, incidentally, is genuinely exploring the possibilities of digital writing to reshape the conventions of literature."[26]

Writing for The Iowa Review Web, Jaishree Odin analyzed The Ballad of Sand and Harry Soot as follows: "Thematically, The Ballad is about unrequited love between Sand and Soot; at another level, it is about the art of navigation through multiple discourses that constitute human experience. In some ways, it also alludes to the computer-generated electronic spaces and humans who interact with these spaces. The sophisticated conception and design of this hypermedia work brings together a variety of discourses from art, science, mathematics, philosophy, and even mythology to create a weave of texts."[27]

In Contemporary Women's Writing, Sally Evans wrote of The Ballad of Sand and Harry Soot, "...Sand as a figure of cyberfemininity is frequently described in ways that trouble the clear boundaries between the organic and electronic selves ... Significantly, Sand’s hybridity also makes her excessive, a self beyond the neat categorizations of human or machine. She is a point of articulation between organic and inorganic matter, and her contact with Harry Soot serves to entangle further human qualities such as frailty and emotion with the supposedly infallible electronic world."[28]

Joseph Tabbi has written on True North, in Cognitive Fictions[29] and electronic book review: "Strickland's poetics of indirect citation, annotation, and recombination creates affinities with a distinctive (and mostly American) tradition that reaches back through Dickinson to Jonathan Edwards. Her willingness to court abstraction and a minimalist language (at the risk of occasional unreadability) opens what should be a fruitful conversation with the Language Poets, while the recognition awarded True North by the judges for the Sandeen Prize ensures that her work will be welcomed into the domestic spaces of contemporary social realism no less than the more public-minded collectivities represented at meetings of the Modern Language Association and the Society for Literature, Science, and the Arts (where Strickland has given readings)."[30]

Originally written in Catalan, the detailed study Poesía Digital: Deena Larsen y Stephanie Strickland by Oreto Doménech i Masià was published in a Spanish translation by the University of Valencia in 2015.[31]

Awards and grants[edit]

Strickland has received awards from National Endowment for the Arts (Poetry) and National Endowment for the Humanities (Hypertext). She has received fellowships from the MacDowell Colony, Yaddo, Djerassi, and Ragdale.


  1. ^ "Guide to the Stephanie Strickland Papers, 1955-2016". David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-01-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2011-01-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-10-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "&Now Program Schedule". &Now 2004. University of Notre Dame. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2014-08-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2012-12-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Earthscore by Paul Ryan". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  9. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  10. ^ [2][permanent dead link]
  11. ^ ELMCIP (18 February 2014). "Artist-Screencast with Stephanie Strickland on "Errand Upon Which We Came"". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-31. Retrieved 2014-08-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-06-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Radio Free Albion: Episode 16: Stephanie Strickland". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2014-09-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ a b "Stephanie Strickland". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-06-05. Retrieved 2014-06-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "The Periscopic Poetics of Stephanie Strickland's DRAGON LOGIC - The Iowa Review". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  19. ^ "Code as such - Jacket2". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  20. ^ Moulthrop, Stuart. "Failure to Contain: Electronic Literature and the State (Machine) of Reading", delivered April 5, 2013 at the Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
  21. ^ "Galatea Resurrects #20 (A Poetry Engagement): AHSAHTA BOOKS by SUSAN TICHY, DAN BEACHY-QUICK, KATE GREENSTREET, STEPHANIE STRICKLAND, BRIAN TEARE, ANDREW GRACE and ELIZABETH ROBINSON". 10 May 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  22. ^ "Jacket 37 - Early 2009 - Stephanie Strickland; «Zone : Zero», Ahsahta Press, 2008 reviewed by Rachel Daley". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  23. ^ Hayles, N. Katherine. "Distributed Cognition at/in Work: Strickland, Lawson Jaramillo, and Ryan's slippingglimpse." Frame, vol. 21 no. 1 (2009), pp. 15-29
  24. ^ "Nature's Agents: Chreods, Code, Plato, and Plants – electronic book review". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  25. ^ "Iteration, you see: Floating Text and Chaotic Reading/Viewing in slippingglimpse – electronic book review". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  26. ^ "Review - V: Wave.Son.Nets/Losing L'Una, by Stephanie Strickland". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  27. ^ "Image and Text in Hypermedia Literature". 24 February 2006. Archived from the original on 24 February 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  28. ^ Evans, Sally. "The Patchwork Girl’s Daughters: Cyberfemininity, Hybridity, and Excess in the Poetry of Stephanie Strickland and Mez Breeze." Contemporary Women's Writing, January 2016. Oxford University Press.
  29. ^ "Cognitive Fictions". University of Minnesota Press. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  30. ^ "A Migration Between Media – electronic book review". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  31. ^ [3]

External links[edit]