|G. Steven "Steve" Pigeon|
|Chairman of the Erie County
|Preceded by||James Sorrentino|
|Succeeded by||Lenny Lenihan|
|Member of the Erie County Legislature
from the 9th District
|Preceded by||Robert H. Meier|
|Succeeded by||David M. Manz|
St. Louis, Missouri
|Residence||Buffalo, New York|
|Occupation||Consultant, Underberg & Kessler|
|Known for||Western New York Democratic politician|
Gerald Steven Pigeon, usually cited in newspaper accounts as Steve Pigeon, is a Democratic politician from Western New York. One of the most controversial figures in contemporary Western New York politics, Pigeon was Erie County Democratic Chairman from 1996 to 2002.
Today, Pigeon is a consultant at the Buffalo law firm of Underberg & Kessler. Recently, he was counsel to New York State Senate Majority Leader Pedro Espada Jr., and directed Tom Golisano's Responsible New York political committee.
Early life and career
Pigeon was born in 1960 in St. Louis, Missouri. His uncle was Donald Gralike, the majority leader of the Missouri State Senate, and as such, Pigeon was around politics from an early age. In 1972, Pigeon's father, an air traffic controller, was transferred to Buffalo, and the family moved to West Seneca. Pigeon's first campaign was in 1972, where he stuffed envelopes for Assemblyman Vincent Graber.
In 1977, at the age of 17, Pigeon worked on Mayor James D. Griffin's successful campaign for mayor. Griffin ran for mayor in opposition to party boss Joseph F. Crangle, and this began Pigeon's lifelong feud with Crangle and his supporters.
In 1984, aged only 24, Pigeon managed Gary Hart's presidential primary campaign in upstate New York. This was in opposition to Crangle, who was a key supporter of Walter Mondale both in New York and nationally.
Pigeon was elected to the Erie County Legislature from West Seneca in 1988, following a special election. In 1989, he won a full (two-year) term. He won controversy during his term for pushing an industrial park development in that town, which later was called North America Center. This began his association with future State Senator Anthony Nanula, who developed the project.
Pigeon was defeated for re-election in 1991 by Republican Sandra Lee Wirth, and went on to work for the Nixon Hargrave law firm.
Pigeon was a key player on Bill Clinton's 1992 presidential campaign in upstate New York. He served on the Clinton transition team and was appointed special assistant to Secretary Donna Shalala at the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.
Pigeon was elected chairman of the Erie County Democratic Committee in 1996. He was 36. Pigeon's election was engineered by County Executive Dennis Gorski, who at the time was consolidating his influence in the Democratic Party over rivals like Mayor Anthony Masiello. Pigeon replaced James Sorrentino, another Crangle opponent who had opposed Gorski's re-election as chairman and thereby lost Gorski's support.
Pigeon's tenure as chairman was mixed. While he personally gained influence through the support such political figures as Charles Schumer for U.S. Senate, Eliot Spitzer for Attorney General and Alan Hevesi for State Comptroller, the party suffered a number of losses on the county and local levels. Gorski himself lost his seat in 1999 to Joel Giambra, and Republicans won a number of county and judicial offices during this period. Republicans also carried the county for statewide office on multiple occasions. At the same time, Pigeon became known for supporting billionaire Tom Golisano, who had run as a third-party candidate (i.e. not a Democrat) in statewide elections.
All these actions generated considerable opposition to Pigeon's chairmanship among many Democratic leaders, such as Assemblymen Arthur Eve and Robin Schimminger, County Clerk David Swarts, and Amherst Democratic Chairman Dennis E. Ward. After the losses in the 1999 election, Pigeon was continually and publicly opposed by various factions in the party. In 2002, Masiello and Assemblyman Paul Tokasz decided to remove Pigeon, and he was replaced as chairman by Len Lenihan.
In 2002, Byron W. Brown was elected to the State Senate with Pigeon's support, and appointed Pigeon as a top aide. Brown later disassociated himself with Pigeon in the run-up to the 2005 mayoral election in Buffalo, which Brown won. Pigeon left the Senate payroll in 2004. Pigeon later became a consultant to the Underberg & Kessler law firm in Buffalo.
Pigeon was a major player in the 2009 New York State Senate leadership crisis, where he acted as Tom Golisano's representative. Pigeon later was hired as counsel to Pedro Espada Jr., who ended up as Senate Majority Leader at the conclusion of the crisis. Pigeon also was instrumental in delivering control of the Erie County Legislature to a Democratic-Republican coalition allied with County Executive Chris Collins in 2009.
Wins & losses
Here is an incomplete list of some candidates Steve Pigeon has supported or opposed, and how the elections turned out.
- Anthony Nanula wins a State Senate Election in 1994 and Buffalo City Comptroller in 1999
- Anthony Masiello survives a 1994 recall attempt by Pigeon
- Barbara Kavanaugh loses her 1997 attempt to unseat Rosemary LoTempio as head of the Buffalo Common Council
- Charles Schumer wins his U.S. Senate election in 1998
- Eliot Spitzer wins his Attorney General election in 1998
- Byron Brown wins a New York State Senate seat in 2002
- Dennis Gorski loses re-election as County Executive in 1999
- Republicans sweep judicial races in 1999
- Andrew Cuomo loses his 2002 primary challenge for Governor to Carl McCall
- Fran Pordum loses his 2002 primary challenge against County Clerk David Swarts
- Kathy Konst loses in her 2008 challenge to State Senator Dale Volker
- Joe Mesi wins Democratic Primary but loses in his 2008 campaign for State Senate
- Barbara Kavanaugh loses in her 2008 challenge to Assemblyman Sam Hoyt
- Christina Bove wins election to County Legislature in 2009
- Tim Kennedy wins election to the State Senate in 2010.
- Won election to County Legislature in 1987
- Lost re-election in 1991
- Lost 1994 race for State Assembly to Sandra Lee Wirth
- Wins Erie County Democratic Party Chairmanship in 1996
- Denied an appointment to the board of the Erie County Water Authority in 2000
Controversies have dogged Pigeon over his entire political career.
Pigeon's personality has been called abrasive. Some point to major Democratic defeats under Pigeon's leadership, and Pigeon's support for Republican and third-party candidates and his opposition to endorsed Democratic candidates for public office. Others have said that Pigeon mixes his political and business lives in his job as a business development consultant for law firms, where he often wins government contracts from the very officials he supports.
On the other hand, Pigeon's supporters agree with his take-no-prisoners approach to supporting political candidates, and his early support of popular New York officials like Charles Schumer.
Mr. Pigeon's name has been mentioned in connection with an election scandal in 2007 of the county executive campaign of former West Seneca Supervisor Paul T. Clark.
Sam Hoyt's campaign spoksman Jeremy C. Toth filed a complaint against Pigeon and Responsible New York, which he sent to the district attorneys of Erie, Monroe, and Albany counties. Toth hopes that the circumstantial case he makes that Responsible New York staff coordinated its activities with the Barbra Kavanaugh campaign—a felony—will compel the DAs to take a closer look at Pigeon and company.
Erie County’s Republican elections commissioner has alleged that former Democratic Chairman G. Steven Pigeon laundered thousands of dollars from Buffalo Sabres owner B. Tom Golisano’s political committee and others in an attempt to conceal the origin and circumvent contribution limits, in violation of state election law.
In April 2010, Pigeon was linked to a federal probe involving Senator Pedro Espada and accusations and tax fraud and money laundering. News reports linked Pigeon to the investigation based on payments made to an Espada-controlled company by a Buffalo-area firm.
On 28 May 2015, Pigeon's Buffalo waterfront house was raided as part of an ongoing campaign finance investigation.
On 30 June 2016, Pigeon was indicted on bribery, extortion, and 7 other charges. 
- After the coup, Pigeon resented as 'hired gun', 2009.
- Sedita can act on Pigeon case, some prosecutors say, 2009.
- Mark Sacha On District Attorney’s Failure To Prosecute Steve Pigeon, 2009.
- Responsible New York - Complaint, 2009.
- Chasing Pigeon: Past Is Prologue, 2009.
- GOP official accuses Pigeon of laundering money from Golisano, 2009.
- Espada probe includes Pigeon, 2010.
- Political operative G. Steven Pigeon indicted on bribery, extortion and 7 other charges, 2016.
- "Once again, Pigeon at the center of political storm." The Buffalo News, June 14, 2009.[dead link]
- "Pigeon is still a player." The Buffalo News, December 21, 2003.
- "Power broker Pigeon still putting clout to work." The Buffalo News, February 10, 2003.
- "Final chapter in Democratic infighting." The Buffalo News, September 8, 2002.
- "You can never county Pigeon out." The Buffalo News, May 12, 2002.
- "Democrats in disarray after debacle." The Buffalo News, November 4, 1999.
- "Pigeon takes party helm, calls for unity." The Buffalo News, September 29, 1996.
- "Pigeon named to assist Shalala." The Buffalo News, January 23, 1993.