Stormy Weather (1943 film)

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Stormy Weather
Stormy Weather (1943 film poster).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byAndrew L. Stone
Produced byWilliam LeBaron
Written byJerry Horwin, Seymour B. Robinson (story)
H.S. Kraft (adaptation)
StarringLena Horne
Bill Robinson
Cab Calloway
Katherine Dunham
Fats Waller
Nicholas Brothers
Ada Brown
Dooley Wilson
Music byHarold Arlen
Fats Waller
Shelton Brooks
Cab Calloway
Jimmy Hughes
Dorothy Fields
Bill Robinson
Alfred Newman
CinematographyLeon Shamroy
Edited byJames B. Clark
Distributed by20th Century Fox
Release date
  • July 21, 1943 (1943-07-21)
Running time
78 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Box office$1.6 million (US rentals)[1]

Stormy Weather is a 1943 American musical film produced and released by 20th Century Fox. The film is one of two Hollywood musicals with an African American cast released in 1943, the other being MGM's Cabin in the Sky. The film is considered a primary showcase of some of the leading African American performers of the day, during an era when African American actors and singers rarely appeared in lead roles in mainstream Hollywood productions.

Overview[edit]

Stormy Weather takes its title from the 1933 song of the same title, which is performed almost an hour into the film. It is based upon the life and times of its star, dancer Bill "Bojangles" Robinson. Robinson plays Bill Williamson, a talented born dancer who returns home in 1918 after serving in World War I and tries to pursue a career as a performer. Along the way, he approaches a beautiful singer named Selina Rogers (Lena Horne). The character of Selina was invented for the film; Robinson did not have such a romance in real life. Dooley Wilson co-stars as Bill's perpetually broke friend and Emmett "Babe" Wallace co-stars as her manager, Chick Bailey, vying for Lena’s hand.

Left to right: Bill Robinson as Bill Williamson, Lena Horne as Selina Rogers, and Cab Calloway as himself.

Other performers in the movie were Cab Calloway and Fats Waller (both appearing as themselves), the Nicholas Brothers dancing duo, comedian F. E. Miller, singer Ada Brown, and Katherine Dunham with her dance troupe. Despite a running time of only 77 minutes, the film features some 20 musical numbers. This was Robinson's final film (he died in 1949); Waller died only a few months after its release.

The film's musical highlights include Waller performing his composition "Ain't Misbehavin'", Cab Calloway leading his band in his composition "Jumpin' Jive", and a lengthy sequence built around the title song, featuring the vocals of Lena Horne and the dancing of Katherine Dunham. Horne also performs in several dance numbers with Robinson. It was one of her few non-MGM film appearances, and one of only two films from the 1930s-1940s in which Horne played a substantial role. Ford Dabney was a consultant on the music for the film.[2]

The movie was adapted by Frederick J. Jackson, Ted Koehler and H.S. Kraft from the story by Jerry Horwin and Seymour B. Robinson. It was directed by Andrew L. Stone.

The original release prints of Stormy Weather were processed in sepiatone.[3] In 2001, Stormy Weather was selected for the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." It was released on DVD in North America in 2005.

Soundtrack[edit]

The soundtrack has been released on CD by 20th Century Fox references 7822-11007, though Sunbeam Records released the soundtrack on vinyl in 1976. The Soundtrack Factory CD includes Lena Horne singing "Good For Nothin' Joe", a song that did not appear in the movie. Other songs include:[4]

Critical reception[edit]

Shane Vogel suggests that Lena Horne and Katherine Dunham's performances of "Stormy Weather" in the film are, like Ethel Waters' performance of the song in The Cotton Club Parade of 1933, African American modernist critiques of American culture.[5]

Fred Astaire told the Nicholas Brothers that the "Jumpin' Jive" dance sequence was "the greatest movie musical number he had ever seen".[6]

Performance[edit]

Although Stormy Weather and other musicals of the 1940s opened new roles for blacks in Hollywood, breaking through old stereotypes and far surpassing limited roles previously available in race films produced for all-black audiences, it still perpetuates stereotypes.[7] Notably, the musical numbers in the movie contain elements of minstrelsy. The performance of a cakewalk, for example, features flower headdresses reminiscent of the Little Black Sambo figures used in historical misrepresentations of Black American males.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Top Grossers of the Season". Variety, January 5, 1944 p. 54.]
  2. ^ Chadbourne, Eugene. "Ford Dabney". AllMusic.
  3. ^ Rowen, Clyde (July 18, 1943). "Stormy Weather". Lincoln Nebraska State Journal. p. D-6.
  4. ^ Stormy Weather from Soundtrack Factory, song list at AllMusic.
  5. ^ "Auburn University Libraries / Illiad @ Auburn Libraries". muse.jhu.edu.spot.lib.auburn.edu.[dead link]
  6. ^ "Dancer Fayard Nicholas dies at 91". USA Today. Associated Press. January 25, 2006.
  7. ^ Magill, Frank N., ed. (1993). Stormy Weather Offers New Film Roles to African Americans. Great Events from History II: Arts and Culture Series. 3: 1937-1954. pp. 1159–1163. ISBN 978-0893568108.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]