Stormy Weather (song)
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"Stormy Weather" is a 1933 torch song written by Harold Arlen and Ted Koehler. Ethel Waters first sang it at The Cotton Club night club in Harlem in 1933 and recorded it that year, and in the same year it was sung in London by Elisabeth Welch and recorded by Frances Langford. Also 1933, for the first time in history the entire floor revue from Harlem's Cotton Club went on tour, playing theatres in principal cities. The revue was originally called The Cotton Club Parade of 1933 but for the road tour it was changed to the Stormy Weather Revue and as the name implies, the show contained the hit song "Stormy Weather" which was sung by Adelaide Hall.
Already in September 1933, the group Comedian Harmonists released their German cover version, titled "Ohne Dich" (meaning "Without You") with lyrics that are quite different. The song has since been performed by such diverse artists as Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland, Etta James, Ella Fitzgerald, Dinah Washington, Clodagh Rodgers, Reigning Sound and, most famously, by Lena Horne and Billie Holiday. Leo Reisman's orchestra version had the biggest hit on records (with Arlen himself as vocalist), although Ethel Waters's recorded version also sold well. "Stormy Weather" was featured in the 1943 movie of the same name.
The song tells of disappointment, as the lyrics, "Don't know why there's no sun up in the sky", show someone pining for her man to return. The weather is a metaphor for the feelings of the singer: "stormy weather since my man and I ain't together, keeps raining all the time."
The original handwritten lyrics, along with a painting by Ted Koehler, were featured on the (US) Antiques Roadshow on January 24, 2011, where they were appraised for between $50,000 and $100,000. The lyrics show a number of crossings out and corrections.
Ethel Waters's recording of the song in 1933 was inducted in the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2003, and the Library of Congress honored the song by adding it to the National Recording Registry in 2004. Also in 2004, Horne's version finished at number 30 on AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of top tunes in American cinema.
- Ethel Waters – 1933
- Bert Ambrose and his Orchestra - 1933 
- Duke Ellington – 1933 and another version with singer Ivie Anderson in 1940. He also performed a vocal version with Ivy (aka Ivie) Anderson in the 1933 Paramount short film Bundle of Blues.
- Harold Arlen – 1933
- Lena Horne recorded the song in 1941 for RCA Victor. In 1943, she recorded another version for the movie of the same name. She recorded the song at least five times throughout her career, including for the 1957 album Stormy Weather. Her original 1941 version of the song was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2000.
- Connee Boswell – 1941 Connie was one of the successful Boswell Sisters close harmony trio along with her sisters Martha and Vet (Helvetia)
- Connee Boswell – Swing Parade of 1946 (1946)
- The Five Sharps – 1952
- Billie Holiday with Lester Young and Count Basie – Broadcast Performances Vol. 2 (1955)
- The Spaniels recorded in 1958 on Vee-Jay Records #290
- Red Garland Trio - All Kinds of Weather (1959), familiar to listeners of American Public Media's Marketplace radio program, which plays Garland's version as background accompaniment whenever news of a decline in the Dow Jones Industrial Average is reported
- Frank Sinatra – No One Cares (1959)
- Roy Hamilton – Have Blues Must Travel (1959)
- Etta James – At Last! 1960
- Charles Mingus with Eric Dolphy – Mingus! (1960)
- Billy Eckstine – Once More with Feeling (1960)
- Judy Garland – London Sessions and the Grammy Award-winning album Judy at Carnegie Hall
- Bing Crosby – Bing Crosby's Treasury - The Songs I Love (1965)
- George Benson – It's Uptown (1966)
- Ringo Starr recorded the song in 1969 for his solo debut album, but it was not included on the finished album.
- Mary Lou Williams – Live at the Keystone Korner (1977)
- Elisabeth Welch – "From Derek Jarman's The Tempest - Elisabeth Welch sing's Stormy Weather" (1980) - Label: Industrial Records – IR0012 - Format: Vinyl, 7", 45 RPM, Single- Country: UK
- Viola Wills – covered the song in 1982, it peaked at number four on the dance charts.
- Doc Watson and Merle Watson – Pickin' the Blues (1985)
- Woody Shaw with Steve Turre – Imagination (1987)
- Saundra Santiago - In the season finale of Miami Vice's third season (episode name Heroes of the Revolution, 1987)
- Jeff Lynne – Armchair Theatre (1990)
- Joni Mitchell – Both Sides Now (2000)
- Sylvia Brooks – Restless (2012)
- Bob Dylan – Triplicate (2017)
- "Adelaide Hall with Cotton Club revue", article in The Afro-American, September 23, 1933, p. 18.
- "Detailed information on "Ohne Dich"". 45worlds.com.
- ""Stormy Weather" Working Lyrics & Koehler Painting | Antiques Roadshow". PBS. 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
- Gioia, Ted (2012). The Jazz Standards: A Guide to the Repertoire. New York City: Oxford University Press. pp. 405–407. ISBN 978-0-19-993739-4.
- "Ambrose & His Orchestra – Stormy Weather / Piccaninny". Discogs. Retrieved 15 November 2020.
- "Ellington Titles". Depanorama.net. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
- Stratemann, Dr. Klaus (1992). Duke Ellington Day by Day and Film by Film. Copenhagen: JazzMedia ApS. pp. 59–64. ISBN 87-88043-34-7.
- "GRAMMY Hall Of Fame". Grammy.org. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Marketplace.org. Retrieved 2020-04-27.
- "The London Sessions". AllMusic. Retrieved 2018-02-13.
- "Rufus Wainwright at Carnegie Hall: More Rainbows Than Stormy Weather". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2018-02-13.
- "A Lot to Learn from 'Judy at Carnegie Hall'". Npr.org. Retrieved 2018-02-13.
- "Recording: Stormy Weather by Ringo Starr". Beatlesbible.com. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco: 1974–2003. Record Research. p. 281.
- "Sylvia Brooks : Stormy Weather". AllMusic. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- The chapter "Stormy Weather" in the book Stardust Melodies: The Biography of Twelve of America's Most Popular Songs by Will Friedwald (New York: Pantheon Books, 2002).