Subodh Ghosh (Bengali: সুবোধ ঘোষ) (1909–1980) was a noted Bengali author and journalist with Kolkata-based daily newspaper Ananda Bazar Patrika. His best known work, Bharat Premkatha, is about the romances of epic Indian characters and has remained very popular in the Bengali literary world. Many of his stories have been adapted for classic Indian films, most notably Ritwik Ghatak's Ajantrik (1958) and Bimal Roy's Sujata (1959), and even today filmmakers search his works for suitable plots.
Early life and education
Born at Hazaribagh on 14 September 1909, Jharkhand, he studied in St. Columba's College and in the library of the well known philosopher and scholar, Mahesh Chandra Ghosh. Later, before starting his professional carrier as a writer, he worked as a bus conductor in state bus transport service to support his livelihood in calcutta and continued his writing side by side.
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He shot into prominence with such stories as Fossil. Thereafter, he went on to produce a rich harvest of varied stories. While his Bharat Premkatha delves into the classics for both form and content, presenting immortal love stories, his Kingbadantir Deshe is composed of local legends, which are believed to have really taken place in the past, and which gained in popularity through oral transmission. His personal knowledge about and deep insight into Adivasi life and his grounding in military history was always well respected.
Pradip Bhattacharya has translated, or rather transcreated Bharat Premkatha into English as Love Stories from the Mahabharata. Subodh Ghosh's House Combustible (English translation of Jatugriho) finds a place in Indian Love Stories edited by Sudhir Kakar.
His literary works were included in the curriculum of school level, secondary, higher secondary and graduation level Bengali Literature in India and Bangladesh.
- Suno Boronari
- Bosonto Tilok
- Parashuramer Kuthar
- Gram Jamuna
- Mon Vramar
- Bharat Premkatha
- Bharityo Foujer Itihash
- Kingbodontir Deshe
Famous Stories Bahurupi.
- Chaturbhuj Club
- Polasher Nesha
- Shock Therapy
- Teen Oddhay
- Raater Pakhi
- Chaturtha Panipather Juddha
- Laghu Aranyak
- Parashuramer Kuthar
- Sukla Nabomi
- Pichu Dake
- Garol Amiyo Vel
- Bhat Tilak Roy
While Subodh Ghosh was immensely popular with Bengali readers, he was to a large extent unknown as a writer to the outside world. Films gave him a break through to the vast Hindi-speaking world. His stories have been used for Hindi films as much as for Bengali films.
Following on his critically successful 1944 debut Udayer Pathey, Bimal Roy shot Anjangarh in 1948, based on Subodh Ghosh's political drama Fossil, about collusion of aristocracy and business interests against the common man. Mrinal Sen's 1971 film Ek Adhuri Kahani, based on story, Gotrantar, which tells the story of a sugar mill and its agricultural neighbourhood where the workers are deprived of bare necessities and the farmers cheated. Agradoot's film Trijama in 1956 was based on his novel in the same name. Tapan Sinha picked up Subodh Ghosh's Jatugriha for a film on the same name, Jatugriha in 1964.
Subodh Ghosh shot into limelight as the author whose work inspired classic films such as Ritwik Ghatak's Ajantrik (1958) and Bimal Roy's Sujata (1959). While Sujata was the story of romance between a Brahmin young man (Sunil Dutt)and an outcaste woman (Nutan), Ajantrik was the story of a taxi driver in love with his out dated vehicle. Subodh Ghosh won the Filmfare Best Story Award for Sujata. Both the films were made in the late fifties. Later, Subodh Ghosh won the Filmfare Best Story Award a second time, albeit posthumously, for Gulzar's Ijaazat, which was based on Jatugriho. The drama titled "Waiting Room" by noted Bangladeshi filmmaker Mostafa Sarwar Faruki is also based on this story. Basu Chatterjee made a Hindi film Chitchor (1976), starring Amol Palekar on his story, Chittachakor. Even a recent Sooraj R. Barjatya potboiler Main Prem Ki Diwani Hoon picked up the story idea from Subodh Ghosh. Such was the vast expanse of his writing.
" In short stories, he opened a new horizon for us" – Mahasweta Devi
" When we started writing, there were two paths before us – Tarashankar and Subodh Ghosh"—Ramapada Chowdhury
" His writing was my inspiration"—Bimal Kar
- Sisir Kumar Das (1 January 1995). History of Indian Literature: 1911–1956, struggle for freedom : triumph and tragedy. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 276–. ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- Dr. Sibsankar Pal. Subodh Ghosh-er Chhotogalpe Manobik Mulyobodh.
- Gulzar; Govind Nihalani; Saibal Chatterjee (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 337. ISBN 81-7991-066-0.
- Golpo Songroho (Collected Stories), the national textbook of B.A. (pass and subsidiary) course of Bangladesh, published by University of Dhaka in 1979 (reprint in 1986).
- Subodh Ghosh-er Chhotogalpe Manobik Mulyobodh, 1999, Subarna Prokashani, Kolkata by Dr. Sibsankar Pal
- Bangla Sahitya (Bengali Literature), the national textbook of intermediate (college) level of Bangladesh published in 1996 by all educational boards.