Subramanya, Karnataka

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Subramanya is located in Karnataka
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 12°39′50″N 75°36′55″E / 12.663808°N 75.615361°E / 12.663808; 75.615361Coordinates: 12°39′50″N 75°36′55″E / 12.663808°N 75.615361°E / 12.663808; 75.615361
Country India
DistrictDakshina Kannada
 • Total4,443[1]
 • OfficialKannada
 • SpokenTulu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationKA-21
Subramanya to Sakleshpur

Subramanya is a village located in Sullia Taluk in Dakshina Kannada, India. The famous Kukke Subrahmanya Temple is located here. It is about 105 kilometres (65 mi) from Mangalore, connected by train and road. It was originally named "Kukke Pattana".

Pilgrim centre[edit]

Kukke Subramanya Temple

The village is an approach and resting point for pilgrims visiting the Kukke Subrahmanya Temple in Subrahmanya. The village is surrounded by the Kumaradhara River. The Darpana Theertha, a tributary of the Kumaradhara, flows just behind the temple.

The belief is that Vasuki and other snakes took refuge under the god Subrahmanya in the caves at Subramanya. Here Subrahmanya is worshipped as a snake.[2]


According to one myth, after killing the demon rulers, Tharaka and Shura Padmasura, and their followers in a war, Lord Shanmukha reached Kumara parvatha with his brother Ganesha and others. He was received by Indra and his followers. Indra, being very happy, prayed for Lord Kumara swamy to accept and marry his daughter Devasena,[3] to which the Lord readily agreed. The divine marriage took place on Margashira shudha shashti at Kumara parvatha. Gods like Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra and many other deities assembled for the marriage and coronation ceremony of Shanmukha, for which waters of several holy rivers were brought. With these, waters of Mahabhisheka fell down to form a river which was later known by the popular name Kumaradhara.

The Shiva Bhakta and serpent king Vasuki were performing tapas for years in the Biladwara Caves of Kukke Subrahmanya to avoid the attack of Garuda. Following Lord Shiva's assurance, Shanmukha gave darshan to Vasuki and blessed him that he would stay with his parama bhakta in this place forever. Hence the poojas offered to Vasuki or Nagaraja are nothing but the poojas to Lord Subrahmanya.

Subramanya used to be called Kukke Pattana. In the Shankara Vijaya, Anandagiri observes that Sri Shankaracharya camped here for a few days during his religious expedition (Digvijaya). Shankaracharya referred to this place as "Bhaje Kukke Lingam" in his Subrahmanya Bhujangaprayata Stotram.

Places to visit[edit]

  1. Shree Subrahmanya: Lord Subrahmanya Swamy / Subrahmaneshwara is the main deity of Subrahmanya. Originally Lord Subrahmanya was being worshipped as Kukke Linga / Ahipeshwara Linga which was situated at the main sanctum.[4] As per "shankara Digvijaya" Shri Adi shankaracharya Visited the shrine and praised the Lord subrahmanya as "Bhaje kukke Lingam" by composing the poem "Subrahmanya Bhujanga Prayatam"[5][6][7]
  2. Kukke Linga: Originally Lord Subrahmanyeswara was being worshipped as Kukke Linga / Ahipeshwara Linga which was situated at the main sanctum. Nowadays a cluster of lingas placed to the west of the inner sanctum, is worshipped as Kukke Lingas.[8]
  3. Kala Bairava: The shrine of Lord Bairava is situated at the southern side of the inner sanctum.
  4. Umamaheshwara: This image can be found in the northeastern side of the main sanctum. The images of Soorya, Ambika, Vishnu and Ganapathi are also found here.
  5. Hosoligamma: The shrine of Hosoligamma lies to the southern side of the main sanctum. The images of Soorya, Ambika, Vishnu and Ganapathi are also found here.
  6. Sringeri Mutt: This mutt is situated to the northeast of the main sanctum in the outer quadrangle. Chandramauleshwara is the main deity of this temple.
  7. Ballalaraya Vigraha: This statue of Ballala King can be found when entering the main temple.
  8. Uttaradi Mutt: This mutt is situated on the northern side of the car street.
  9. Adi Subrahmanya: A road on the northern side of the main Gopuram leads to Adi Subrahmanya. A 250-metre (820 ft) walk will take you to Adi Subrahmanya temple. One can see a valmika (anthill) in the sanctum where daily poojas are conducted.
  10. Kashikatte Ganapathi: This is situated beside the main road towards Kumaradhara about 250 metres (820 ft) from the main temple. Here temples of Ganapathi and Anjaneya are seen.
  11. Biladwara: On the way from the main temple of Kumaradhara there is place called Biladwara which is 300 metres (980 ft) from the main temple. It is said that Vasuki (Serpent king) lay hiding in this cave to escape from Garude. It is a cave surrounded by a garden.
  12. Kumaradhara river (Bathing Ghat): The river originates from Kumaraparvatha. It flows into the Nethravathi, a river of Dakshina Kannada district, and joins the Arabian Sea. As the river flows over the rocks and thick forest areas it is believed to have medicinal powers to cure skin diseases.
  13. Darpana Theertha: This tributary of the Kumaradhara flows in front of the outer quadrangle of the main temple. It is believed that a mirror (Darpana) and an Akshaya patra (Kopparige with full of gold jewels) happened to come floating down from mountain and the same was collected by temple authorities.
  14. Sri Subrahmanya Mutt: This mutt belonging to the Dwaitha tradition is situated to the south east of outer quadrangle of the Temple. It is believed that Sri Madwacharya made his brother, Vishnuteerthacharya, his disciple and gave this mutt. The present sri of this mutt is Sri Sri Sri Vidyaprasanna Theertha Swamiji. Kukke Sri Abhaya Ganapathi Temple, Sri Vanadurga Devi Temple, Somanatha Temple and Samputa Narasimha Temple are also managed by this mutt.
  15. Samputa Narasimha: This temple is situated in the southeastern side of the main sanctum. Originally this was a Vinayaka Temple which was later converted into Samputa Narasimha temple.[9][10]
  16. Vanadurga Devi Temple: This temple lies about 500 metres (1,600 ft) away from the main temple. It was recently renovated by using specially designed red stones on traditional style. Daily poojas are conducted here and devotees offer sevas to a goddess.
  17. Kukke Shree Abhaya Mahaganapathi: It is situated on the left side of the main road to Kumaradhara, about 450 metres (1,480 ft) from the main temple. It is one of the biggest monolithic statues of Ganapa. It is 21 feet (6.4 m) tall. The architecture of the shrine is in Nepali style.
  18. Somanatha Temple Agrahara: This ancient temple, also called Panchami Theertha, is situated on the left bank of the Kumaradhara. It is 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) from the main temple. In this place, swamijis of Shree Subrahmanya Mutt are entombed. About 16 tombs of swamijis are found here.
  19. Basaveshwar Temple Kulkunda: This template is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the main temple, on the way to Mangalore. An idol of Basava is kept here.
  20. Hari Hareshwara Temple: A small but mythologically significant place of worship, Harihareshwara temple is situated 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) away from Subrahmanya town. It is the abode of both Vishnu (Hari) and Shiva (Hara). A panoramic view of the Western Ghat can be seen if you stand in front of this temple.

Other places[edit]

  1. Garden near Adi Subrahmanya temple: A 250-metre (820 ft) walk will take you to a garden maintained by the temple, which is located on the right bank of the Darpana Theertha river.
  2. Garden near Biladwara: Visitors can reach this garden by walking from the temple. It is an ancient cave surrounded by a beautiful garden.
  3. Mathsya Gundi (Yenekal): About 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from the main temple, in Yenekal village, there is a spot where fish live in large numbers, including large mahasheer / tiger fish.
  4. Research station: Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI), Kidu. On the way to Uppinangadi, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away from the temple town. CPCRI was founded in 1972 with an aim to produce genetically superior planting materials of coconut, areca nut and cocoa. It is both a seed farm and research centre. The farm has 120 acres (49 ha) of land.[11]


There are two routes from where you can trek to this Kumara Parvata (Pushpagiri): one is from Subramanya, and another is from Somwarpet. The route from Somwarpet is the shorter one, around 8 kilometres (5.0 mi), and from Subramanya, it is around 14 kilometres (8.7 mi). The peak is at a height of about 1,712 metres (5,617 ft).

The Green Route is a famous segment along the Bangalore and Mangalore railway line in India, within a pristine part of the Western Ghat mountain ranges often called a trekker's paradise. This segment on the railway track from Sakaleshpura to the Kukke Subramanya Road station features dense green forest. This stretch of the track with length about 52 kilometres (32 mi) has around 50 tunnels and bridges with length varying from a few metres to 750 metres (2,460 ft) and height varying from few metres to 200 metres (660 ft).


Kukke Subrahmanya can be reached by road from Mangalore, Bangalore, Dharmasthala, Mysore etc. The route from Bangalore is connected from Hassan via Sakleshpur Ghat section. There is another route to reach Kukke Subrahmanya via Bisle Ghat section which is through Bisle Reserve Forest. Many avoid this route as the roads are too bad. The government has already started the project to lay concrete and tarmac in Bisle now. It is expected to be finished within 2018.[12] KSRTC operates buses on a daily basis from these and other places. The nearest airport is the Mangalore International Airport, at a distance of 115 kilometres (71 mi). The nearest railway station is Subrahmanya Road (SBHR) railway station on Mangalore-Bangalore railway route, which is 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Kukke Subrahmanya. There are passenger,express train services available from Mangalore, Bangalore.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Subramanya". Government of India. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Kukke Subrahmanya Swamy Temple". Retrieved 13 September 2006.
  3. ^ "History of Kukke Subrahmanya". Dwara. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  4. ^ Dr. Achyuta Sharma. Kukke Sri Subrahmanya Kshetra idara Samshodhanatmaka Ithihasika Hinnele [Historical Background of Kukke Sri Subrahmanya Piligrim Center].
  5. ^ Dr. Achyuta Sharma. Kukke Sri Subrahmanya Kshetra idara Samshodhanatmaka Ithihasika Hinnele [Historical Background of Kukke Sri Subrahmanya Piligrim Center].
  6. ^ " ::: treasure of temples information - kukke subramanya, karnataka temples, temples of karnataka- ನಮ್ಮ ದೇವಾಲಯಗಳ ಮಾಹಿತಿ ಭಂಡಾರ". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  7. ^ "ದೈವ ಪ್ರಸಾದ ಕೈಯಲ್ಲಿ ಮುಟ್ಟದೆ ಅವಮಾನಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದ ವರ್ಗದಿಂದಲೇ ಇಂದು ದೈವಗಳ ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠೆ, ತುಳು ಜನರ ಸುಲಿಗೆ !". 17 March 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  8. ^ Dr. Achyuta Sharma. Kukke Sri Subrahmanya Kshetra idara Samshodhanatmaka Ithihasika Hinnele [Historical Background of Kukke Sri Subrahmanya Piligrim Center].
  9. ^ Dr. Achyuta Sharma. Kukke Sri Subrahmanya Kshetra idara Samshodhanatmaka Ithihasika Hinnele [Historical Background of Kukke Sri Subrahmanya Piligrim Center].
  10. ^ "jayakirana: ಸ್ಥಾನಚ್ಯುತಿಗೊಳಿಸಿ ಗೋಪ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಇರಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ ಸಿದ್ಧಿವಿನಾಯಕ ದೇವರು". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  11. ^
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External links[edit]