Sudbury Valley School
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|The Sudbury Valley School|
|2 Winch Street, Framingham, Massachusetts|
|Age range||4 - 19|
|Campus size||10 acres (40,000 m2)|
|Governance||School Meeting (democratic, vote by students and staff)|
The Sudbury Valley School was founded in 1968 by a community of people in Framingham, Massachusetts, United States. As of 2017, there are over 50 schools that claim to be based on the Sudbury Model in the United States, Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, France, Germany, Israel, Japan and Switzerland.
The model has three basic tenets: educational freedom, democratic governance and personal responsibility. It is a private school, attended by children from the ages of 4 to 19.
Sudbury Valley School was founded in 1968 by a community of people including Daniel Greenberg, Mimsy Sadofsky and Hanna Greenberg in Framingham. Greenberg aimed to create a school system that was just, psychologically comfortable, and self-governing with real-life being the primary source of learning. The school started the summer of 1968 with 130 students enrolled in a trial summer session before the school year start in September. During the summer session, there were two notable flaws: the smorgasbord plan in offering a variety of ways of information that the students could access if they wished; and the staffing. Of the initial 130 students, about half enrolled in the school year, ages 4 to 17. A second school, Highland School, was founded in 1981 in Highland, West Virginia. The 1990s saw a spread of the Sudbury Model throughout the US and abroad and there are now over 50 schools based on Sudbury.
There are no traditional classrooms and no traditional classes; instead children are free to do what they wish with their time. This may or may not include formally exploring academia or speaking with staff members or other students about academic interests, as part of educating themselves.
The school has no required academic activities and no academic expectations for completion of one's time at the school. Students are free to spend their time as they wish.
Students are given complete responsibility for their own education and the school is run by a direct democracy in which students and staff are equals. The corporation is wholly owned and operated by the School Meeting, in which each student and each elected member of the staff has one vote.
There is no tenure at Sudbury Valley School. The School Meeting, with each participant receiving one vote, hires staff, as part of its duties in running the school. Every year, in the spring, elections are held for next year's staff. School Meeting members (staff and students) may nominate people to the role of staff. The School Meeting debates the school's staff needs, and discusses each candidate in turn. There is an election with secret paper ballots which is open to all students and staff. Staff are who have received more yes votes than no votes in this election are eligible to receive contracts negotiated on the floor of the School Meeting.
Sudbury Valley School has published two studies of their alumni over the past forty years. There have, as yet, been no formal studies of graduates of other Sudbury schools, but, anecdotally, they seem to have similar results.
Officers of the Corporation
Officers of the Corporation are elected by the School Meeting, meeting as the corporation, at its annual meeting.
- Chairperson: Harriet McIsaac, student
- Secretary: Kali Harnish, student
- Treasurer: Scott Gray, staff member
- Angela Ittel, Diana Raufelder (2008). Lehrer und Schüler als Bildungspartner : Theoretische Ansätze zwischen Tradition und Moderne (Teachers and pupils as partners in education) (in German). Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. ISBN 978-3-525-40200-9.
- Marguerite Anne Fillion Wilson (2012). Children, Childhood, Power, and Pedagogy: The Radical Possibilities and Epistemological Limits of Sudbury Education. Davis: University of California. ISBN 9781267663337.
- Greenberg, D: Announcing a New School, The Sudbury Valley School Press, Ma 1973.
- "Wir lernen doch!" (in German). Die Zeit.
- "At Jerusalem's flagship democratic school, curriculum is in the hands of the Students". 2013-06-14.
- "Privatschule kehrt Arlesheim den Rücken" (in German). Retrieved 2018-06-21.
- "Alternative Educational System Sudbury Valley as a Model for Reforming School". Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 182: 274–278. 2015-05-13. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.766. ISSN 1877-0428.
- "Sudbury Valley School: An Idea Whose Time Has Come | Sudbury Valley School". sudburyvalley.org. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
- Hara Estroff Marano: Psychology Today Magazine: Education: Class Dismissed Archived 2013-04-08 at Archive.is. May/Jun 2006.
- The Sudbury Valley School Handbook. September 2015.
- How the School is Governed, from the school's web page
- The By-Laws of the Sudbury Valley School, Inc.
- Greenberg, D. (1996) "OUTCOMES." Retrieved on 2009-03-19 (see with Explorer).