Suede // is a type of leather with a napped finish, commonly used for jackets, shoes, shirts, purses, furniture, and other items. The term comes from the French "gants de Suède", which literally means "gloves from Sweden".
Suede is made from the underside of the animal skin, which is softer and more pliable than, though not as durable as, the outer skin layer.
Suede leather is made from the underside of the skin, primarily from lamb, although goat, calf and deer are commonly used. Splits from thick hides of cow and deer are also sueded, but, due to the fiber content, have a shaggy nap. Because suede does not include the tough exterior skin layer, suede is less durable but softer than standard ("full-grain") leather. Its softness, thinness, and pliability make it suitable for clothing and delicate uses; suede was originally used for women's gloves, thus its etymology. Suede leather is also popular in upholstery, shoes, bags, and other accessories, and as a lining for other leather products. Due to its textured nature and open pores, suede may become dirty and quickly absorb liquids.
Fabrics are often manufactured with a brushed or napped finish to resemble suede leather. These products often provide a similar look and feel to suede, but have advantages such as increased liquid or stain resistance, and may appeal to consumers who prefer a non-animal product.
Sueded silk, sueded cotton and similar sueded fabrics are brushed, sanded or chemically treated for extra softness. "Suede" yarns are generally thick and plush.
Alcantara and Ultrasuede are trademarked terms for a microfiber plush with a hand resembling the soft suede, but more durable, resistant to liquid, stains and crushing and can be used in upholstery, accessories, clothing or shoes.
Microsuede is a microfiber knit blend fabric with a soft finish, but is easily distinguishable from actual suede leather. It has a great deal of stretch, and is very popular in upholstery as well as garments.
In popular culture
- Suede's absorbent nature was highlighted in the Seinfeld episode "The Jacket," in which Jerry ventures outside into the snow and ruins his exorbitantly priced suede jacket.
- Originally written by Carl Perkins, Elvis Presley famously covered the song "Blue Suede Shoes".
- Rapper Vince Staple discusses suede in his 2015 song Blue Suede.
- Suede, Dictionary.com
- "Difference Between Leather and Suede - Explainry". Explainry. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- American Leather Chemists Association ALC (1906). The Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association. American Leather.
- Bredenberg, Jeff (1999). Clean It Fast, Clean It Right: The Ultimate Guide to Making Absolutely Everything You Own Sparkle & Shine (New ed.). Rodale Books. p. 544. ISBN 1-57954-019-8.
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- Churchill, James E. (1983). The Complete Book of Tanning Skins and Furs. Stackpole Books. p. 197. ISBN 0-8117-1719-4.
- Goldstein-Lynch, Ellen; Sarah Mullins; Nicole Malone (2004). Making Leather Handbags and Other Stylish Accessories. Quarry Books. p. 128. ISBN 1-59253-076-1.
- Kite, Marion; Roy Thomson (2005). Conservation of Leather and Related Materials. Butterworth-Heinemann. p. 240. ISBN 0-7506-4881-3.
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- O'Flaherty, Fred; Roddy Lollar (1956). The Chemistry and Technology of Leather. ACS Monograph 134 (1978 ed.). American Chemical Society, Krieger Publishing Co. ASIN B007EUI5M4.
- Parker, Sybil P (1992). McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology: An International Reference Work. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 508. ISBN 0-07-909206-3.
- Media related to Suede at Wikimedia Commons