Sumpter Township, Michigan
|• Supervisor||Timothy Bowman|
|• Clerk||Esther Hurst|
|• Total||37.44 sq mi (96.97 km2)|
|• Land||37.36 sq mi (96.76 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)|
|Elevation||663 ft (202 m)|
|• Density||258.6/sq mi (99.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1627138|
- Ellisville was a community in the 1870s.
- Martinsville is an unincorporated community located within the township at . The community was settled as early as 1840 and was briefly part of Van Buren Township until Sumpter Township was organized that same year. A post office operated here from April 7, 1866, until September 16, 1906. The Martinsville Cemetery remains in the area as an active cemetery.
- Smithsville is a former community in the eastern portion of the township. It was given a post office named Woodville on April 12, 1852, and renamed Smithville on January 18, 1858. The post office was renamed again and transferred to Waltz on February 19, 1872.
- West Sumpter is unincorporated community centered along the intersection of Karr Road and Wear Road at . The community was one of the first settlement in the township and was named after Revolutionary War veteran and later politician Thomas Sumter, although inaccurately spelled as Sumpter Township. A post office named West Sumpter operated from March 24, 1874, until February 28, 1902.
Sumpter Township was designated Township 4 South in Range 8 East of Wayne County. The original survey was approved on November 5, 1819. Federal land in Sumpter Township began to be sold to individuals by the 1830s, with one land patent to Arthur Fuller on April 4, 1833. Sumpter Township has a brief history on their web page.
Sumpter Township, including Township 4 South, of Range 8 East, was taken from Huron township and erected into a separate township on April 6, 1840, under the name of West Huron. Subsequently the name was changed to that of Sumter in honor of General Thomas Sumter, Revolutionary war hero, but the engrossing clerk inserted a "p" in the name, which has since remained Sumpter.
The township received its first settlers before it was set off from Huron Township. George Jewett, one of the first assessors of Huron township lived in what is now Sumpter, and Ira P. Beach was elected the first supervisor when Sumpter township was erected.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 37.44 square miles (96.97 km2), of which 37.36 square miles (96.76 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) (0.21%) is water.
As of the 2010 census Sumpter Township had a population of 9,549. The ethnic and racial makeup of the population was 82.1% non-Hispanic white, 12.0% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from some other race, 2.9% reporting two or more races and 2.6% Hispanic or Latino.
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,856 people, 4,110 households, and 3,164 families residing in the township. The population density was 315.6 inhabitants per square mile (121.9/km2). There were 4,563 housing units at an average density of 121.5 per square mile (46.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 84.68% White, 12.33% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.
There were 4,110 households, out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the township the population was spread out, with 29.8% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $48,680, and the median income for a family was $51,731. Males had a median income of $41,123 versus $27,397 for females. The per capita income for the township was $19,323. About 8.0% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.
Sumpter Township is divided between four neighboring school districts. The entire western edge of the township is served by Lincoln Consolidated School District in neighboring Washtenaw County. The north-central portion of the township is served by Van Buren Public Schools to the north. The southwestern portion of the township is served by Airport Community Schools to the south in Monroe County, and a small eastern portion of the township is served by Huron School District.
The township itself no longer contains any public school buildings after Lincoln Consolidated closed Bessie Hoffman Elementary at the end of the 2009–10 school year. The school was built in 1965 and is located at 50700 Willow Road. Following its closure, it remains vacant.
- Michigan Townships Association (2023). "Sumpter Township, Clare County, Michigan". Retrieved January 14, 2023.
- United States Census Bureau (January 14, 2023). "Sumpter Township, Wayne County, Michigan".
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Sumpter Township, Michigan
- Romig 1986, p. 180.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Martinsville, Michigan
- Romig 1986, p. 355.
- Sumpter Township (2020). "Sumpter Township Cemetery Map". Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- Romig 1986, p. 520.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: West Sumpter
- Romig 1986, p. 595.
- "IIS7". Glorecords.blm.gov. Retrieved February 27, 2016.
- "Sumpter Township History". Sumptertwp.com. Retrieved February 27, 2016.
- Wood, William; Gabriel, Ralph H. (June 1928). "The Pageant of America, A Pictorial History of the United States. Vol. VI, The Winning of Freedom". The Mississippi Valley Historical Review. 15 (1): 118. doi:10.2307/1891682. ISSN 0161-391X. JSTOR 1891682.
- "Michigan: 2010 Population and Housing Unit Counts 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). 2010 United States census. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 45 Michigan. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2023.
- 2010 census report for Sumpter Township, Michigan
- Sumpter Township (September 2019). "Sumpter Township school districts" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 5, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
- "Time capsule unearths history of Lincoln district's soon-to-close Bessie Hoffman school". The Ann Arbor News. Booth Newspapers. June 4, 2010. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- Romig, Walter (October 1, 1986) . Michigan Place Names: The History of the Founding and the Naming of More Than Five Thousand Past and Present Michigan Communities. pp. 180, 355, 520, 595. ISBN 978-0-8143-1838-6.