Waterford Township, Michigan
|Charter Township of Waterford|
|• Type||Charter Township|
|• Township Supervisor||Gary Wall|
|• Total||35.3 sq mi (91.4 km2)|
|• Land||31.3 sq mi (81.2 km2)|
|• Water||4.0 sq mi (10.3 km2) 11.22%|
|Elevation||948 ft (289 m)|
|• Total||72,166 |
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1627218|
|Website||Charter Township of Waterford Michigan|
In 2012, the population of Waterford Township was 72,166.
Waterford Township has five unincorporated communities:
- Clintonville ( ) is located on Walton Boulevard between Clintonville Road and Sashabaw Road.
- Drayton Plains ( ) is located at Dixie Highway on the west end of Loon Lake.
- Elizabeth Lake ( ) is an historic resort community located on Elizabeth Lake.
- Four Towns ( ) is located at Lochaven Road and Cooley Lake Road.
- Waterford Village ( ) is an historic village located at Dixie Highway and Andersonville Road.
In 1818, Oliver Williams selected land in Oakland County which he purchased for two dollars an acre. Archibald Phillips and Alpheus Williams purchased 161.40 acres (653,200 m2) in what later became Waterford Village.
In 1819, Alpheus Williams and Archibald Phillips continued on to where the Clinton River crossed the old Saginaw Trail (now known as Dixie Highway). They settled at the site of the present Waterford Village. Here the first house of Waterford Village was built by Alpheus Williams on the north bank of the river. Archibald Phillips built his home across from the south corner where Andersonville Road meets Dixie Highway.
The township was named Waterford because of the vast number of lakes covering the township.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 35.3 square miles (91 km2), of which 31.3 square miles (81 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2), or 11.22%, is water.
Like the rest of Southeast Michigan, Waterford Township has a continental climate. It has a higher elevation than Detroit (982 feet (299 m) compared to 585 feet (178 m)), and therefore the township is somewhat cooler than Detroit and other nearby cities. It is moderately cold in the winter with varied snowfall throughout. Spring varies from warm by day to cool at night. The township's warmest weather occurs in the summer with temperatures in the eighty to ninety degree range and typically high humidity. Summer is also the wettest season in the area. In recent years, Waterford Township has seen a few 100-plus degree days. Fall starts warm, but November ends with high temperatures barely above freezing.
|Lakes in Waterford Township|
|Lake||Size in acres||Depth in feet|
|Cass Lake (part)||1,280||123|
|Lake Angelus (part)||477||88|
|Lake Oakland (most)||255||64|
|Lester Lake (most)||12||25|
|Lotus Lake (most)||179||65|
|Pontiac Lake (part)||612||34|
|Sylvan Lake (part)||532||71|
|Upper Silver Lake (part)||35.5||30|
|Van Norman Lake (part)||66||90|
|White Horse Lake||8||10|
|Woodhull Lake (most)||135||56|
As of the 2012 population report from SEMCOG, Waterford Township had a population of 72,166.
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, there were 73,150 people, 29,387 households, and 19,130 families residing in the township in 2000. The population density was 2,334.3 people per square mile (901.2/km²).
In 2000, there were 30,404 housing units with an average density of 970.2 per square mile (374.6/km²).
The racial makeup of the township in 2000 was:
- 92.65% White
- 3.91% Hispanic or Latino
- 2.89% African American
- 0.35% Native American
- 1.27% Asian
- 0.01% Pacific Islander
- 1.13% from other races
- 1.69% from two or more races
In 2000, there were:
- 29,387 households
- 30.4% of the households had children under the age of 18 living with them
- 51.6% were married couples living together
- 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present
- 34.9% were non-families
- 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals
- 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older
- 2.42 was the average household size
- 2.99 was the average family size.
The township's 2000 population was:
- 23.2% under the age of 18
- 8.2% from 18 to 24
- 36.0% from 25 to 44
- 21.8% from 45 to 64
- 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older
- The median age was 36 years
- For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males
- For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 97.5 males
The median income for a household in 2000 in the township was $55,008, and the median income for a family was $64,500. Males had a median income of $47,409 versus $32,016 for females. The per capita income for the township was $27,432. About 3.8% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 and over.
In 1851, the Detroit, Grand Haven and Milwaukee Railway came through Waterford Township and three train depots were built in Waterford Township; the Drayton Plains depot (at Hatchery Rd.), the Waterford depot (at Airport Rd.) and the Windiate depot (at Windiate Rd.) . The railroad helped make the many lakes of the Waterford area easily accessible to summer vacationers from the big cities and served to make Waterford Township a summer resort area.
In 1882, the Detroit, Grand Haven and Milwaukee Railway was purchased by the Grand Trunk Western Railroad.
The Windiate Park Hotel was a summer resort for vacationers from Detroit and Lansing. The resort was easily accessed by four trains a day during the summer months from the 1890s to the 1940s and was located on Lotus Lake, near the Windiate depot. The resort featured boating, fishing, sailing, sunbathing, tennis and a dance hall. The resort was owned by J.D. and M.L. Rice.
Another popular summer resort was the Waterford Hotel in the village of Waterford. The hotel was sold to William Bradt, who changed its name to Bradt's Exchange. The hotel was also named the Waterford Exchange, and served as a stagecoach stop for over 60 years.
Today, the railroad is owned by Canadian National Railway (CN) and passenger service is no longer offered, giving way to freight only.
There are seven railroad crossings in Waterford Township and one railroad bridge.
Government and infrastructure
The West Campus of the Oakland County Service Center is located in Waterford Township. This includes the Oakland County Executive Building and Conference Center, and the Oakland County Children's Village, the county's juvenile detention center for children. The Children's Village acts as one of the support sites for the Waterford School District.
In 1957, John D. Pierce Junior High School opened at 5145 Hatchery Road in Waterford, and Stevens T. Mason Junior High School was opened in 1965 at 3835 West Walton Blvd. in Waterford. Both junior high schools originally included grades 7 through 9. Today, both Pierce and Mason are middle schools, which include grades 6 through 8.
As of the 2015-16 school year, the Waterford School District has nine public elementary schools located within the township; William Beaumont Elementary School, Thomas M. Cooley Elementary School, Donelson Hills Elementary School, David Grayson Elementary School, Laura S. Haviland Elementary School, Douglass Houghton Elementary School, William S. Knudsen Elementary School, Riverside Elementary School, and Henry R. Schoolcraft Elementary School.
The Waterford Township Public Library serves the residents of the township. It is located at 5168 Civic Center Drive, off of Crescent Lake Road near Hatchery Road in Waterford.
Waterford Township maintains its own police and fire departments.
The Waterford Police Department was founded in 1953. Frank VanAtta was appointed the first Waterford Chief of Police, earning a yearly salary of $5,500. William Stokes was a long time chief who had some 30 years of service before retiring in 1985. He was followed by Robert (Duke) Reynolds and then Gary Root followed by Paul Valad. After a short and contentious stint as chief (a vote of no confidence showed zero votes for), Daniel McCaw was replaced by the current chief Scott Underwood who retired as a Lieutenant at the Warren Police Department.
The police station is located at 5150 Civic Center Drive in Waterford near the Waterford Township Hall and the 51st District Court in the Waterford Civic Center Complex. The police department was drastically cut in 2010 due to the falling economy and the closing of 2 of the largest commercial tax sources- The Summit Place Mall and a General Motors facility. The department went from over 100 sworn police officers to 55 which was similar to the number of officers in the 1970s. A recent tax increase voted on by the residents is supposed to add 9 more officers. Waterford still remains one of the largest physical and populated areas in Oakland County but remains on the bottom of police officers per population. The Waterford Regional Fire Department employs 144. It is currently the 4th largest Fire Department in the State of Michigan. Waterford Township also provides Fire, EMS, and Dispatch services to the neighboring City of Pontiac and City of Lake Angelus.
- Todd Alsup, pianist, singer-songwriter
- Mary Barra, CEO, General Motors
- Earl Boyea, fifth bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lansing
- Pat LaFontaine, former NHL player, 2003 Hockey Hall of Fame inductee
- Dylan Larkin, NHL player for the Detroit Red Wings
- Kirk Gibson, former MLB player
- Gail Goestenkors, former women's basketball head coach, University of Texas
- Michael L. Good, dean, University of Florida College of Medicine
- Dave Marsh, music critic
- Jim Miller, former NFL player 
- Paul Mitchell, Member of the United States House of Representatives
- Kristopher Pooley, rock musician and musical director
- Jean (Racine) Prahm, U.S. Olympian bobsledder
- Brett Reed, men's basketball head coach, Lehigh University
- Trevor Strnad, lead singer, The Black Dahlia Murder
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- Murray, Diana Dillaber. "Law being proposed could dissolve Pontiac schools, other struggling districts." Oakland Press. June 12, 2013. Retrieved on May 7, 2014. "Pontiac school district spreads from Pontiac into portions of seven surrounding communities including Auburn Hills, Sylvan Lake, Lake Angeles and townships of Bloomfield, Orion, Waterford and West Bloomfield."
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- "Dave Marsh hits airwaves with new show on Oct. 10". Detroit News. October 1, 2004.
With the addition of Marsh, a graduate of Waterford Kettering High School, Sirius adds to its growing stable of Detroiters...
- "In Chicago, a 'Beary Christmas'". Detroit Free Press. November 29, 2001.
Lately, the Bears have rallied around veteran quarterback Jim Miller, who played at Michigan State and Waterford Kettering High School.
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