Super Science High School

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Super Science High School (SSH) is a designation awarded by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) to upper secondary schools that prioritize science, technology, and mathematics. The program was launched as part of its "Science Literacy Enhancement Initiatives" in 2002. Schools with this status receive increased funding and are encouraged to develop links with universities and other academic institutions.

In 2002, the first year of operation, 26 out of 77 applicant schools were awarded SSH status . As of 2006 there are 99 schools with the designation. 204 highschools are designated as SSH in 2014. [1] Highschools designated as SSH receive aid from Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST). The support ranges from buying equipment to managing poster sessions.[1] Main activities of SSH are academic studies in highschool and meetings where students present them to other highschools students, teachers, and professors. There are many other activities such as field work, visit to laboratories or museum, and correlation with highschool in other countries as well.[2] A budget for SSH was about 700 million yen (≒7 million dollars) in 2002, but it has been increasing and it was 2.4 billion yen (≒24 million dollars) in 2011.[3] While SSH is regarded as an good project to enhance students’ interest in science, there are also criticism that SSH is invading students’ right of studying equally.[4]

History[edit]

In 2002, in order to increase the number of people who are good at science and can play active roles all over the world, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology started the system of super science high shool.[5][6] Since 2002, every year some high schools are authorized as super science high schools, and now 2014 the total number of them is 204.[7] Before 2005, the period of authorization of SSH was for 3 years, but since 2005 it has been extended to 5years.[2]

Activities[edit]

Study[edit]

Students of SSH are expected to be advanced researchers, so they learn many things. Not only ordinary subjects (Math, Biology, Physics), many of the students in SSH cary out scientific researches. They present their results to students in other schools, teachers, and professors. Many local meetings take place in each region every year, and the national meeting is held every summer. From 2011, the national meeting is held in Yokohama, and 3500 people participated in the meeting [3].

Cooperation with universities[edit]

As mentioned, professors give some advice to students in the meeting. Also, some highschools invite researchers carrying out cutting edge researches to their school and ask them to give lectures and interact with students. Many highschools give students chances to visit laboratories, museums, and institutes as well [4].

About authorization of Super Science Highschool[8][edit]

According to the guideline of Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, as follows;

・Management institutions, such as public or private high schools, which wish to be authorized as Super Science Highschool, must submit an application to Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology through the governor or the board of education of the prefecture.

・Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology screens the application and authorizes the school as SSH if it seems to be proper.

・Japan Science and Technology Agency, independent administrative corporation, supports the SSH by spending money which is necessary to research and invent.

・The period of authorization of SSH is 5 years as a general rule.

・Every year, management institutions must report achievements and results of SSH to Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.

・Minister of Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology takes masures against SSH, including cancelling the authorizing of SSH, if the contents of researching of SSH do not accord to the purpose of SSH system or are improper.

Current Super Science High Schools[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References [edit]

  1. ^ Dokuritsugyouseihoujin Kagakugijutsushinkoukikou Risuugakushuusuishinbu (Independent Administrative Corporation Japan Science and Technology Agency Department for Promotion of Science Education)Sūpāsaiensuhaisukūru (SSH) (Super Science High school) https://ssh.jst.go.jp/ [July 22, 2014]
  2. ^ WikipediaSūpāsaiensuhaisukūru (Super Science Highchool)http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%82%B9%E3%83%BC%E3%83%91%E3%83%BC%E3%82%B5%E3%82%A4%E3%82%A8%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B9%E3%83%8F%E3%82%A4%E3%82%B9%E3%82%AF%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AB [November 27, 2014]
  3. ^ Wikipedia Sūpāsaiensuhaisukūru (Super Science Highchool)http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%82%B9%E3%83%BC%E3%83%91%E3%83%BC%E3%82%B5%E3%82%A4%E3%82%A8%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B9%E3%83%8F%E3%82%A4%E3%82%B9%E3%82%AF%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AB [November 27, 2014]
  4. ^ Wikipedia Sūpāsaiensuhaisukūru (Super Science Highchool)http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%82%B9%E3%83%BC%E3%83%91%E3%83%BC%E3%82%B5%E3%82%A4%E3%82%A8%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B9%E3%83%8F%E3%82%A4%E3%82%B9%E3%82%AF%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AB [November 27, 2014]
  5. ^ Dokuritsugyouseihoujin Kagakugijutsushinkoukikou Risuugakushuusuishinbu (Independent Administrative Corporation Japan Science and Technology Agency Department for Promotion of Science Education)Sūpāsaiensuhaisukūru (SSH) (Super Science Hischool)https://ssh.jst.go.jp/ [July 22, 2014]
  6. ^ Wikipedia Sūpāsaiensuhaisukūru (Super Science Highchool)http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%82%B9%E3%83%BC%E3%83%91%E3%83%BC%E3%82%B5%E3%82%A4%E3%82%A8%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B9%E3%83%8F%E3%82%A4%E3%82%B9%E3%82%AF%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AB [November 27, 2014]
  7. ^ Monbukagakusyou (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology ・Japan)Heisei26nenndosūpāsaiensuhaisukūru (SSH) siteikounonaiteitou (2014 Super Science highchool informal decision)http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/houdou/26/03/1345968.htm [November 27, 2014]
  8. ^ Dokuritsugyouseihoujin Kagakugijutsushinkoukikou Risuugakushuusuishinbu (Independent Administrative Corporation Japan Science and Technology Agency Department for Promotion of Science Education)Sūpāsaiensuhaisukūru (SSH) (Super Science Hischool)https://ssh.jst.go.jp/ssh/public/pdf/ssh_gaiyou.pdf [November 27, 2014]