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|• Governor||Masaru Hashimoto|
|• Total||6,095.58 km2 (2,353.52 sq mi)|
|Population (September 1, 2010)|
|• Density||486.28/km2 (1,259.5/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-08|
|Tree||Ume tree (Prunus mume)|
|Bird||Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Culture
- 6 Education
- 7 Sports
- 8 Tourism
- 9 Transportation and access
- 10 Pronunciation
- 11 See also
- 12 Notes
- 13 References
- 14 External links
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
Ibaraki Prefecture was previously known as Hitachi Province. In 1871, the name of the province became Ibaraki.
Ibaraki Prefecture is the northeastern part of the Kantō region, stretching between Tochigi Prefecture and the Pacific Ocean and bounded on the north and south by Fukushima Prefecture and Chiba Prefecture. It also has a border on the southwest with Saitama Prefecture. The northernmost part of the prefecture is mountainous, but most of the prefecture is a flat plain with many lakes.
Thirty-two cities are located in Ibaraki Prefecture:
- Mito (capital)
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
- Higashiibaraki District
- Inashiki District
- Kitasōma District
- Kuji District
- Naka District
- Sashima District
- Yūki District
Ibaraki's industries include energy, particularly nuclear energy, production, as well as chemical and precision machining industries. The Hitachi company was founded in the Ibaraki city of the same name.
As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 25% of Japan's bell peppers and Chinese cabbage.
Ibaraki is famous for the martial art of Aikido founded by Ueshiba Morihei, also known as Osensei. Ueshiba spent the latter part of his life in the town of Iwama, now part of Kasama, and the Aiki Shrine and dojo he created still remain.
- Ibaraki University
- Tokiwa University
- Tsukuba International University
The sports teams listed below are based in Ibaraki.
- Ibaraki Golden Golds (Regional club)
- Hitachi Pro Wrestling (Regional group)
Transportation and access
- East Japan Railway Company
- Tsukuba Express
- Kanto Railway
- Kashima Rinkai Railway Ōarai Kashima Line
- Hitachinaka Seaside Railway Minato Line (Katsuta-Ajigaura)
- Mooka Railway Mooka Line
- National Route 4 (around Koga area)
- National Route 6 (Nihonbashi of Tokyo-Toride-Tsuchiura-Mito-Hitachi-Iwaki-Sendai)
- National Route 50
- National Route 51 (Mito-Kashima-Itako-Narita-Chiba)
- National Route 118
- National Route 123
- National Route 124
- National Route 125 (Katori-Tsuchiura-Tsukuba-Koga-Gyoda-Kumagaya)
- National Route 245
- National Route 253
- National Route 294
- National Route 349
- National Route 354
- National Route 355
- National Route 400 (Mito-Nakagawa-Nikko-South Aizu-West Aizu
- National Route 408
- National Route 461
- Hitachi Port
- Hitachinaka Port
- Oarai Port - Ferry route to Tomakomai, Muroran of Hokkaido
- Kashima Port
The prefecture is often mispronounced "Ibaragi". However, the correct pronunciation is "Ibaraki". According to the author of "Not Ibaragi, Ibaraki", this is most likely due to a mishearing of the softening of the "k" sound in Ibaraki dialect.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ibaraki-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 367, at Google Books; "Kantō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 479, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Mito" at Japan Encyclopedia, p. 642, at Google Books.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- Nussbaum, "Ibaraki" at Japan Encyclopedia, p. 367, at Google Books.
- Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying", The Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
- いばらぎじゃなくていばらき [Ibaragi ja Nakute Ibaraki]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5. OCLC 58053128.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ibaraki Prefecture.|
- Official Ibaraki Prefecture homepage
- The E-Ibaraki Report: articles and commentary of foreigners living in Ibaraki, produced by the International Affairs Division, Ibaraki Prefecture
- Ibaraki Japan