Svitlovodsk

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Svitlovodsk
Світлово́дськ
Светловодск
Main square of Svitlovodsk
Main square of Svitlovodsk
Flag of Svitlovodsk
Official seal of Svitlovodsk
Svitlovodsk is located in Ukraine Kirovohrad Oblast
Svitlovodsk
Svitlovodsk
Location in Ukraine
Svitlovodsk is located in Ukraine
Svitlovodsk
Svitlovodsk
Svitlovodsk (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 49°3′1″N 33°14′31″E / 49.05028°N 33.24194°E / 49.05028; 33.24194
Country Ukraine
Oblast Kirovohrad Oblast
RaionOleksandriia Raion
Government
 • MayorAndriy Malitsky
Area
 • Total45 km2 (17 sq mi)
Elevation
126 m (413 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total43,931
 • Density980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitehttp://svmisto.com.ua

Svitlovodsk (Ukrainian: Світлово́дськ, translit. Svitlovóds’k, Russian: Светловодск) is a city in central Ukraine located on the Dnieper River in Oleksandriia Raion, Kirovohrad Oblast. It hosts the administration of Svitlovodsk urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] Its population is approximately 43,931 (2021 est.)[2].

In 1962–1969, the city carried the name Kremhes due to the fact that it is a city-satellite of Kremenchuk.

Cannon monument in Svitlovodsk
Palace of Culture
War memorial

Administrative status[edit]

Until 18 July, 2020, Svitlovodsk was designated as a city of oblast significance and belonged to Svitlovodsk Municipality. It was the administrative center of Svitlovodsk Raion even though it did not belong to the raion. As part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Kirovohrad Oblast to four, Svitlovodsk Municipality was merged into Oleksandriia Raion.[3][4]

History[edit]

The city was developed and spread outward from the dam. The original point of the city was to house all of the dam workers and to be near the dam. Now most of the electricity is generated from the dam and is used in the town. The definite start of the city was the 1950s — before that, Svetlovodsk (literally - Bright Waterway) didn't exist, the name was invented by Khrushchev's regime, to replace the town of Novogeorgievsk that was in the flood plain of the new hydro-electric station.

When the dam was done, the then Soviet leader Khrushchev attended the opening ceremonies, the city started to expand with all of the energy. It expanded westward along the coast and generally, the wester the city, the more recent it is. In local culture, the city is known as Old City and New City, but, of course it is still the same Svetlovodsk. The reason for having such a power plant out in the middle of nowhere was simple: the power was needed for smelting of defense industry grade metals and alloys, the facility being "Secret" for many years, but is still operating today as a private enterprise.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Svitlovodsk (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.1
(32.2)
5.5
(41.9)
14.1
(57.4)
21.1
(70.0)
24.6
(76.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
20.3
(68.5)
13.4
(56.1)
5.4
(41.7)
0.8
(33.4)
13.1
(55.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
1.7
(35.1)
9.3
(48.7)
15.9
(60.6)
19.7
(67.5)
21.9
(71.4)
21.1
(70.0)
15.5
(59.9)
9.3
(48.7)
2.7
(36.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
9.1
(48.4)
Average low °C (°F) −6.1
(21.0)
−5.9
(21.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
5.1
(41.2)
11.0
(51.8)
15.3
(59.5)
17.2
(63.0)
16.2
(61.2)
11.2
(52.2)
5.7
(42.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−4.1
(24.6)
5.4
(41.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32.7
(1.29)
30.6
(1.20)
31.6
(1.24)
34.3
(1.35)
46.3
(1.82)
68.5
(2.70)
74.9
(2.95)
46.6
(1.83)
52.9
(2.08)
43.5
(1.71)
39.0
(1.54)
33.8
(1.33)
534.7
(21.05)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.4 6.3 7.0 7.0 7.5 8.2 7.9 5.6 6.7 5.8 6.6 7.0 83.0
Average relative humidity (%) 83.9 81.6 77.1 68.2 64.5 67.9 67.3 65.7 70.8 76.1 83.4 84.4 74.2
Source: World Meteorological Organization[5]

Environment[edit]

The area around Svetlovodsk is relatively clean. The city itself has many plants and trees, the most noted is the rows of trees that go linear to Lenin Street. The city has itself been old and has some examples of old trees. The area around the city is relatively clean, mostly being small villages and forest. The one noted polluting facility is the smelter. It's been operating for decades, without any pollution controls during the Soviet era, and with little control from the current Ukrainian government. Generations of people were exposed to heavy metals pollution, though no definite studies are known to exist. The reservoir has been polluted for years, and in summertime green algae takes over parts of it, producing fish-kills and introducing odors to the area.

Transportation[edit]

Transportation through the city is primarily through private-run bus lines with mini-buses, although the main buses still run. There is a working bus station near the east side of town. Near the dam is a bus depot with routes to many destinations. There is also a train that runs along the dam and goes to the village.

Highlights of the city[edit]

The townhall is in the "Old Svitlovodsk" area, the eternal fire memorial is just below near the airplane memorial. The city is a birthplace of the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and Ukrainian politician Mykola Martynenko. The market is located in the "New Svitlovodsk, featuring lots of goods for buying and selling. There are two monuments near the market. Below them are a series of water fountains that go downward. There is a bus stop near the dam where buses depart to many locations, as well a train station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Светловодская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  4. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  5. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.