Symphony No. 19 (Mozart)

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Symphony No. 19 in E-flat major, K. 132, is a symphony composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in July 1772.[1]

Structure[edit]

The symphony is scored for two oboes, four horns (two of them uniquely written in E-flat alto), and strings.


\relative c' { \set Staff.midiInstrument = #"string ensemble 1"
  \tempo "Allegro" \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t \tempo 4 = 150
  \key es \major
  es4.\f\trill d16 es g4 es |
  bes2 r4 as'8.(\p g16) |
  g8-. r es'8.( d16) d8-. r c8.( bes16) |
  bes4.( c8) bes4-. as-. |
  g2
}

There are four movements:

  1. Allegro, 4
    4
  2. Andante, 3
    8
  3. Menuetto – Trio, 3
    4
  4. Allegro, 2
    2

The first movement opens with a motif that Mozart would later use at the beginning of his twenty-second piano concerto in the same key.[2] The exposition is brief and there is no repeat. The development focuses on new material.[2]

There is also an alternative slow movement, marked Andantino grazioso.[1] The tempo marks in the first, second and fourth movements were written in the hand of Leopold Mozart.[1]

The finale is a French rondo in seven-part form (ABACADA). Each part of the rondo is repeated except for the final A.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (2005). Die Sinfonien III. Translated by Robinson, J. Branford. Kassel: Bärenreiter. p. XI. ISMN M-006-20466-3
  2. ^ a b c Brown, A. Peter, The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2). Indiana University Press (ISBN 0-253-33487-X), p. 367 (2002).

External links[edit]