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In the context of systems science and systems philosophy, the term systemics refers to an initiative to study systems from a holistic point of view.[citation needed] It is an attempt at developing logical, mathematical, engineering and philosophical paradigms and frameworks in which physical, technological, biological, social, cognitive, and metaphysical systems can be studied and modeled.[citation needed]

The term "systemics" was coined in the 1970s by Mario Bunge and others, as an alternative paradigm for research related to general systems theory and systems science.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mario Bunge (1979). A world of systems. Dordrecht; Boston, Reidel.

Further reading[edit]

  • Mario Bunge (1979), A world of systems. Dordrecht; Boston, Reidel.
  • Charles François (1999), Systemics and Cybernetics in a Historical Perspective. in: Systems Research and Behavioral Science, Vol 16, pp. 203–219.
  • Pouvreau David (2013). "Une histoire de la 'systémologie générale' de Ludwig von Bertalanffy - Généalogie, genèse, actualisation et postérité d'un projet herméneutique", Doctoral Thesis (1138 pages), Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris :
  • Frederic Vester (2008), The Art of interconnected thinking: Tools and concepts for a new approach to tackling complexity; Munich, MCB.

External links[edit]