Tŷ Newydd

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For the dolmen, see Tŷ Newydd Burial Chamber.
Tŷ Newydd Llanystumdwy - geograph.org.uk - 463160.jpg

Tŷ Newydd is a historic house situated at Llanystumdwy, near Cricieth, in Gwynedd, north-west Wales. It now houses the National Writing Centre of Wales, which was established in 1990.[1] The centre specialises in residential creative writing and retreats. The courses are in both the English and Welsh language, and cover many genres, forms and styles. The centre also holds regular seminars and forums.

The House[edit]

The Grade II* listed building[2] was built in the fifteenth century. The name 'Tŷ Newydd' translates literally from Welsh as "New House". The house has six bedrooms, a large dining room, a kitchen, a conservatory and two libraries. The outbuilding, Hafoty, is the tutors' quarters, and has six extra rooms for guests. Other architectural features of the house include a "Chinese Chippendale" balustrade, a panelled front door with fluted pilasters and a frieze, and a vaulted ceiling in the library.[2]

David Lloyd George, the Welsh politician who served as British Prime Minister during the First World War,[1] owned Tŷ Newydd from 1942 until his death in 1945. He had asked for his bed to be moved to the library, and died in that room.[3]

The grounds overlook Cardigan bay and provide a scenic setting considered conducive to literary creativity. During the 1940s these were restyled by architect Sir Clough Williams-Ellis.[4]

Lloyd George period[edit]

David Lloyd George (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal politician and statesman, and Prime Minister of the Wartime Coalition Government (1916–22). Lloyd George grew up in Llanystumdwy in Caernarfonshire. As a child, he was educated in the local Anglican school, Llanystumdwy National School. Tŷ Newydd was originally a farm, whose land extended to the road adjacent to Lloyd George’s other home, Brynawelon. Brynawelon was later the home of his daughter Megan.[5] In 1942, Lloyd George and his wife Frances bought Tŷ Newydd and initiated a major renovation by architect Clough Williams-Ellis (28 May 1883 – 9 April 1978). Under his direction, new additions such as the library window and the front window finals were made. Like the rest of the house, the library extension was built of local stone rubble and externally whitewashed.[2] In 1944 the couple moved into Tŷ Newydd.[6] Lloyd George died in 1945, aged 82, and was buried beside the River Dwyfor in Llanystumdwy, only a short distance from the house. A monument designed by Sir Clough Williams-Ellis was erected around the grave.[6] This bears an englyn (strict-metre stanza) in the Welsh language, engraved on slate in his memory, composed by his nephew Dr William George, an accomplished poet who won the crown at the National Eisteddfod of Wales in 1974.[7]

As a Writers' Centre[edit]

Robert Minhinnick, who, with Gillian Clarke, was a tutor on the first course run at the house after it was converted to a writers' centre, credits Sally Baker with the idea for the project. During work carried out in preparation for the opening of the centre, a medieval "post and panel" screen was discovered, and is considered the most historically significant feature of the house.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lydia Morris (14 August 2015). "David Lloyd George's former home to 'shine more brightly than ever' after £50,000 makeover". Daily Post. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Ty-newydd, Llanystumdwy". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  3. ^ Karen Price (23 April 2015). "Lloyd George died in the library and 24 more plot-tastic facts about Ty Newydd Writers' Centre's quarter of a century". WalesOnline. Retrieved 14 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Robert Minhinnick (4 June 2015). ""TY NEWYDD" WRITING CENTRE, LLANYSTUMDWY, GWYNEDD". Sustainable Wales. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  5. ^ The Times Cuttings: Africa West. xerography and published by University Microfilms. 1954. 
  6. ^ a b "David Lloyd George". Tŷ Newydd Writing Centre. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Meic Stephens (2008). Necrologies: A Book of Welsh Obituaries. Seren. ISBN 978-1-85411-476-1. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°55′18″N 4°15′51″W / 52.9217°N 4.2641°W / 52.9217; -4.2641