Table of biofuel crop yields

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The following table shows the vegetable oil yields of common energy crops associated with biodiesel production. Included is growing zone data, relevant to farmers and agricultural scientists. This is unrelated to ethanol production, which relies on starch, sugar and cellulose content instead of oil yields.

Crop kg oil/ha/yr litres oil/ha lbs oil/acre US gal/acre Coldest

Hardiness

Zone

Warmest

Hardiness

Zone

maize (corn) 147 172 129 18 4 11
cashew nut 148 176 132 19 10 11
oats 183 217 163 23 3 10
lupin (lupine) 195 232 175 25 4 7
kenaf 230 273 205 29 6 10
calendula 256 305 229 33 9 11
cotton 273 325 244 35 8 11
hemp 305 363 272 39 8 11
soybean 375 446 335 48 2 11
coffee 386 459 345 49 10 11
flax (linseed) 402 478 359 51 3 10
hazelnuts 405 482 362 51 4 8
euphorbia 440 524 393 56 4 10
pumpkin seed 449 534 401 57 4 9
coriander 450 536 402 57 3 11
mustard seed 481 572 430 61 7 11
camelina 490 583 438 62 7 9
sesame 585 696 522 74 7 10
safflower 655 779 585 83 3 9
rice 696 828 622 88 9 10
tung tree 790 940 705 100 9 11
sunflowers 800 952 714 102 3 8
cacao (cocoa) 863 1026 771 110 11 13
peanut 890 1059 795 113 5 10
opium poppy 978 1163 873 124 3 9
rapeseed 1000 1190 893 127 9 13
olives 1019 1212 910 129 10 11
castor beans 1188 1413 1061 151 8 10
pecan nuts 1505 1791 1344 191 6 9
jojoba 1528 1818 1365 194 9 10
jatropha 1590 1892 1420 202 10 11
macadamia nuts 1887 2246 1685 240 9 11
brazil nuts 2010 2392 1795 255 11 13
walnut 2237 2413 1996 258 [1] [2]

[3]

5 9
avocado 2217 2638 1980 282 9 11
coconut 2260 2689 2018 287 10 13
chinese tallow 3950 4700 3500 500 8 11
oil palm 5000 5950 4465 635 10 13
Copaifera langsdorffii [4]

[5]

11010 12000 9824 1283 10 13
Millettia pinnata[6] 9000 5612 8030 600[7] 11 13
algae (open pond) [8] 80000 95000 70000 10000 7 13

- Note: Chinese Tallow (Sapium sebiferum, or Triadica sebifera) is also known as the "Popcorn Tree".

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bill Olson, Ron Snyder - Walnut Research Index Table
  2. ^ Why You Should Grow Walnuts (Juglans regia)
  3. ^ Walnut Oil/
  4. ^ Qld farmers invest in diesel-producing trees
  5. ^ Application of the Essential Oil from Copaiba (Copaifera langsdorffii Desf.) for Acne Vulgaris: a Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial
  6. ^ Millettia pinnata The sustainable biofuel crop of the future
  7. ^ "Pongamia Pinnata Oil | Oil Seed Plants for Biodiesel". www.make-biodiesel.org. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  8. ^ A Look Back at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Aquatic Species Program: Biodiesel from Algae

External links[edit]

  • [1], published in Hill, Amanda, Al Kurki, and Mike Morris. 2006. “Biodiesel: The Sustainability Dimensions.” ATTRA Publication. Butte, MT: National Center for Appropriate Technology. Pages 4–5.