Talk:Kunda culture

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Kunda is not descended from Swiderian[edit]

The idea that Kunda -- as well as other "Post-Swiderian" cultures such as Butovo and Veretye -- is descended from the Terminal Paleolithic Swiderian culture of Poland is based on the use by both of tanged points. However, the mode of manufacturing those points and the technology of manufacturing blades in general is totally different. Swiderian points are made on bidirectional cores reduced with direct soft percussion, where a blank is "set up" with lateral removals from both directions and the cutting edges of the blade are the natural feather edges of the blank; only the tang is retouched into shape. The "meeting point" of the previous removals from opposite directions (on the dorsal surface of the blank) is in the middle of the blank, where it is thickest. "Post-Swiderian" points, including Kunda points, are made on prismatic blades removed by pressure from unidirectional conical or subconical cores. Both the tang and the tip are retouched, the latter with invasive ventral retouch, which is never seen on Swiderian points. "Post-Swiderian" points show no traces of opposite removals on the dorsal surface and their thickest part is close to the tang, which is at the proximal end of the original blade blank. Pressure debitage, producing very symmetrical and thin blades with small platform remnants nearly at right angles with the dorsal surface and removed from unidirectional conical cores, is typical of all "Post-Swiderian" cultures and probably derives from the east. Swiderian, like other Magdalenian-based (i.e., western) Late Paleolithic cultures and their descendants (e.g., Ahrensburg, Fosna-Hensbacka etc.) used direct soft percussion, which produced asymmetrical blades with large platform remnants at relatively acute angles, usually from bidirectional cores. These two technological traditions are totally different, and it is highly unlikely that either develped from the other.--Death Bredon (talk) 11:30, 7 May 2017 (UTC)

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